Charles Vereker, 2nd Viscount Gort

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Portrait of Colonel Charles Vereker

Charles Vereker, 2nd Viscount Gort PC (Ire) (1768 – 11 November 1842), known as Charles Vereker until 1817, was a British soldier and politician.

Background[edit]

Gort was the son of Thomas Vereker by Juliana, daughter of Charles Smyth and sister of John Prendergast-Smyth, 1st Viscount Gort[1] and was born in Ireland in 1768. He served a short time in the navy, and was afterwards appointed lieutenant-colonel of the Limerick militia.[2]

Political career[edit]

Gort represented Limerick City in the Irish House of Commons from 1790[2] until the Act of Union in 1801.[3] On 5 September 1798 at Collooney he checked the advance of a French force, led by General Humbert, that had landed at Killala Bay, County Sligo[1] whereupon they were defeated at Ballinamuck, where he was wounded. In 1802 he was elected to the British House of Commons for Limerick, a seat he held until 1817,[4] and served as a Lord of the Treasury between 1807 and 1812.[1] He was sworn of the Irish Privy Council in 1809[1][5] and, having succeeded his uncle as second Viscount Gort in 1817, was elected an Irish Representative Peer in 1824.[1][6] He also held the honorary posts of Constable of Limerick Castle from 1809 to 1842 and Governor of County Galway from 1814 to 1831.[1]

He was amongst the most active opponents of the Union—"his name was found in every division and his voice in every debate;" and in answer to Lord Castlereagh's overtures he declared: "I have defended my country with my blood, and there is nothing in the gift of the Crown that would tempt me to betray her by my vote." After the Union he represented Limerick until 1817, when by the death of his uncle he became Viscount Gort. He was a firm adherent of the Conservative party.[2]

Family[edit]

Lord Gort was twice married. He married firstly Jane, daughter of Ralph Westropp, in 1789. After her death in February 1798 he married secondly Elizabeth, daughter of John Palliser, in 1810. There were children from both marriages. Lord Gort died on 11 November 1842, aged 74, and was succeeded by his son from his first marriage, John. Lady Gort died in April 1858.[1][2]

Following the battle at 1798 conflict at Colloney the thanks of Parliament were voted to him, and by royal proclamation he was permitted to adopt "Collooney" as the motto of his family.[2]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
John Prendergast Smyth
Hon. Edmund Pery
Member of Parliament for Limerick City
1794–1801
With: John Prendergast Smyth 1794–1798
Henry Deane Grady 1798–1801
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Deane Grady
Member of Parliament for Limerick
1802–1817
Succeeded by
Hon. John Vereker
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
John Prendergast-Smyth
Viscount Gort
1st creation
1817–1842
Succeeded by
John Prendergast Vereker