Charles W. Nibley

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Charles W. Nibley
Photo of Charles W. Nibley ca. 1931
ca. 1931
Second Counselor in the First Presidency
May 28, 1925 (1925-05-28) – December 11, 1931 (1931-12-11)
Called by Heber J. Grant
Predecessor Anthony W. Ivins
Successor J. Reuben Clark
Reason Death of Charles W. Penrose
Reorganization
at end of term
J. Reuben Clark added to the First Presidency
Presiding Bishop
December 4, 1907 (1907-12-04) – May 28, 1925 (1925-05-28)
Called by Joseph F. Smith
Predecessor William B. Preston
Successor Sylvester Q. Cannon
End reason Called as Second Counselor in First Presidency
Personal details
Born Charles Wilson Nibley
(1849-02-05)February 5, 1849
Hunterfield, Scotland, United Kingdom
Died December 11, 1931(1931-12-11) (aged 82)
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
Cause of death Pneumonia
Resting place Logan City Cemetery
41°44′57″N 111°48′22″W / 41.7492°N 111.8061°W / 41.7492; -111.8061 (Logan City Cemetery)
Spouse(s) Rebecca Ann Neibaur
Ellen Ricks
Julia Budge
Children 24
Parents James Nibley
Jean Wilson

Charles Wilson Nibley (February 5, 1849 – December 11, 1931) was the fifth presiding bishop of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) between 1907 and 1925 and a member of the church's First Presidency from 1925 until his death.

Early life[edit]

Charles W. Nibley
1873 (age 24)

Nibley was born in Hunterfield, Midlothian, Scotland to James Nibley and Jean Wilson. In 1855, his family moved to the United States to join with the main body of Latter-day Saints. They spent some time living in Rhode Island. In 1860, they moved to the Utah Territory.[1] The family was sent north to settle in Cache Valley, and eventually settled in Wellsville.

As an adult, Nibley moved to Brigham City, Utah, where he worked for Morris Rosenbaum (a Jewish convert to Mormonism) [2] and later became a partner in the store where he worked. It was there he met Rebecca Neibar (who was the sister of one of Rosenbaum's wives) and was married in 1869. Following the 19th century practice of plural marriage, Nibley married Ellen Ricks in 1880 and Julia Budge in 1885.

Business ventures[edit]

In 1879 to 1885, Nibley managed a lumber company that was part of the LDS Church's United Order program.[1] He then joined with David Eccles and George Stoddard to form the Oregon Lumber Company in 1889.[1] As one of Nibley's grandsons, Hugh Nibley, related, Charles Nibley used economic tricks, including manipulating the Homestead Act to acquire large swaths of land, then would pay off government agents who investigated.[1][3] Nibley was a firm believer in monopolies, believing competition was "economic waste".[1][4] He also believed that LDS Church members who didn't support paying higher prices to Mormon businesses (versus lower prices to non-Mormon businesses) were betraying the church.[1] This attitude of loyalty was also supported by Heber J. Grant in the October 1919 General Conference.[1]

Nibley also became involved in railroads, insurance, banking, politics, and major agricultural endeavors, eventually becoming a multimillionaire.[5] The sugar beet growing town of Nibley, Oregon was named for him. He was later instrumental in forming the Amalgamated Sugar Company and the Utah and Idaho Sugar Company (later known as U&I Sugar Co).

Church service[edit]

Missions[edit]

Nibley served two missions for the LDS Church. His first mission, from October 1869 to March 1970, was to the eastern United States and was primarily a goodwill mission, trying to counteract the negative press surrounding polygamy in Utah. His second mission, from May 1877 to May 1879, was to England and proved to be influential to later Church history. He traveled with the new mission president, Joseph F. Smith, and while serving in England became good friends with the future Church president.[5]

Stake Presidency[edit]

After Nibley had moved to Oregon to participate in the lumber business, an LDS stake was organized in the area, and Nibley was called as the first counselor in the stake presidency. He served from June 1901 to December 1907.[5]

Presiding Bishop[edit]

Nibley was called as the presiding bishop of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in December 1907 by Joseph F. Smith, with whom he had served in England a few decades earlier. It was during Nibley's term as presiding bishop that the LDS Church built the Hotel Utah.

"Charles W. Nibley was one of the most liberal industrialists of his time. But he had to compromise. Thus to finish the Hotel Utah, it was necessary to borrow $2,000,000, so President Smith sent Brother Nibley to Barney Baruch in New York to raise the money. He succeeded, and President Smith was delighted; but he was also alarmed when he heard the terms: it would all have to be paid back in two years. "Charley, what have you done? How in the world will we ever pay it back in that time?" Not to worry, they would have the whole thing paid off in two years. How? "I'm going to build the largest and finest bar in the West in the basement of the Hotel, and will see that we will pay off every penny of that debt." President Smith went through the ceiling; which was it to be, the Word of Wisdom or fiscal soundness? The dollar won"[6]

First Presidency[edit]

In 1925, he was released as presiding bishop and was asked to be second counselor to Heber J. Grant in the church's First Presidency. He is one of the few individuals to serve in the First Presidency without having been ordained to the priesthood office of apostle.

Death and legacy[edit]

Nibley died of pneumonia in Salt Lake City, Utah;[7] he was buried in Logan City Cemetery. Nibley, Utah is named after him.

Charles's son Preston became a church leader and author of several Mormon books. Hugh W. Nibley, a Mormon apologist and academic, is Charles's grandson, through his son, Alexander. Musician Reid Nibley was a grandson, and Martha Nibley Beck is a great-granddaughter.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Godfrey, Matthew C. (2007). Religion, politics, and sugar : the Mormon Church, the federal government, and the Utah-Idaho Sugar Company, 1907-1921. Lehi, Utah: Utah State University Press. pp. 188–190. ISBN 0-87421-658-3. OCLC 74988178. 
  2. ^ Jenson, Andrew. LDS Biographical Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 766
  3. ^ Hugh Nibley, Approaching Zion (The Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol 9), p. 469
  4. ^ Nibley, "Facts are Given About the Sugar Industry", Salt Lake Tribune, June 25, 1916
  5. ^ a b c Christensen, Michael Elvin (1978). The Making of a Leader: A Biography of Charles W. Nibley to 1890. Department of History, University of Utah. OCLC 13937089. 
  6. ^ Nibley, Hugh (November 13, 2009). Collected Works of Hugh Nibley, Vol.9, Ch.15. FARMS. 
  7. ^ State of Utah Death Certificate Archived July 18, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.

External resources[edit]

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints titles
Preceded by
Anthony W. Ivins
Second Counselor in the First Presidency
May 28, 1925 (1925-05-28) – December 11, 1931 (1931-12-11)
Succeeded by
J. Reuben Clark
Preceded by
William B. Preston
Presiding Bishop
December 4, 1907 (1907-12-04)–May 28, 1925 (1925-05-28)
Succeeded by
Sylvester Q. Cannon