Charles Warren Stoddard

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Charles Warren Stoddard

Charles Warren Stoddard (August 7, 1843, – April 23, 1909) was an American author and editor.


Charles Warren Stoddard was born in Rochester, New York on August 7, 1843. He was descended in a direct line from Anthony Stoddard of England, who settled at Boston, Massachusetts, in 1639.

While he was still a child, he moved with his parents to New York City. In 1855, the family migrated to San Francisco, California when his father found a job at a mercantile firm. Stoddard was 11 and was immediately smitten with the city and, as he recalled, its "natural tendency to overdress, to over-decorate, to overdo almost everything".[1] In 1857, joined his ill brother Ned on a restorative trip East, where they stayed at their grandfather's farm in western New York.[2] He rejoined his family in San Francisco by 1859.

Stoddard began writing verses at a young age amid the growing literary climate of California. His first published work saw print in The Golden Era for September 1862 under the pseudonym "Pip Pepperpod". He later recalled how he clandestinely slipped his contribution into the Era's mailbox without anyone knowing: "No member of my family suspected that I was so bold as to dream of entering the circle of the elect who wrote regularly every week for the chief literary organ west of the Rocky Mountains".[3] His writings were well received and were later published as Poems by Charles Warren Stoddard. Poor health compelled him to give up his plans for a college education. He tried a career on the stage without success.


In 1864 he visited the South Sea Islands and there wrote his Idyls, letters he sent to a friend who had them published in book form. "They are," wrote William Dean Howells, "the lightest, sweetest, wildest, freshest things that were ever written about the life of that summer ocean."[4] He made four other trips to the South Sea Islands, and wrote his impressions in Lazy Letters from Low Latitudes and The Island of Tranquil Delights.

Stoddard visited Molokai several times and became well acquainted with Father Damien–a Catholic saint since 2009–who ministered to the lepers there. Stoddard's The Lepers of Molokai, according to Robert Louis Stevenson, did much to establish Father Damien's position in public esteem. In 1867, soon after his first visit to the South Sea Islands, Stoddard was received into the Catholic Church. He told the story of his conversion in a small book, A Troubled Heart and How it was Comforted, of which he said: "Here you have my inner life all laid bare."


In 1869, he became good friends with travel writer Theresa Yelverton.[5]

In 1873 he started on a long tour as special correspondent of the San Francisco Chronicle. His roving commission carried no restrictions of any kind. For five years he traveled through Europe and went as far east as Palestine and Egypt. He sent considerable material to his newspaper, much of which it never printed, though some of it was among his best work.

Around 1880, Stoddard served co-editor of the Overland Monthly with Bret Harte and Ina Coolbrith.

Notre Dame[edit]

In 1885, having decided to settle down, he accepted the chair of English literature at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana. He resigned, officially citing malaria. According to literary historian Roger Austen has written that the real reason behind Stoddard's decision was the Catholic Church's position on homosexuality.[6][page needed]

The same reason caused him to resign a corresponding position that he hald at the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C. from 1889 to 1902. In a short time he moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts, intending to devote himself exclusively to literary work. A serious and almost fatal illness interfered with his plans. He published his Exits and Entrances, a book of essays and sketches which he called his favorite work, probably because it told of his friendship with Stevenson and of other literary acquaintances.

In April 1903, he returned to San Francisco and was the guest of honor at a welcome-home party at the Bohemian Club with Henry James and Enrico Caruso in attendance. He then settled in Monterey, California, with a hope of recovering his health, although he traveled within California and was in San Francisco during the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire.[7]

He stayed on in Monterey, where he was diagnosed with heart disease, until his death from a heart attack on April 23, 1909.[8][page needed]

Private life[edit]

Stoddard was homosexual.[9] He praised the South Sea folk's receptiveness to homosexual liaisons and lived in relationships with men.

From San Francisco late in 1866, Stoddard sent his newly published Poems to Herman Melville, along with news that in Hawaii he had found no traces of Melville. A homosexual who had written even more fervently to Walt Whitman, Stoddard had been excited by Typee, finding the Kory-Kory character so stimulating that he wrote a story celebrating the sort of male friendships to which Melville had more than once alluded. From the poems Stoddard sent, Melville may have sensed no homosexual undercurrent, and the extant draft of his reply in January 1867 is noncommittal.

In the film Leonie (film), he was portrayed by Patrick Weathers. In the scene, he is shown being flirtatious with the character Yone Noguchi.[1]


His only novel, was For the Pleasure of His Company, of which he said, "Here you have my Confessions." So strictly biographical are most of his writings that Stoddard hoped by supplying a few missing links to enable the reader to trace out the whole story of his life.

Besides the books already mentioned, he wrote:

  • Summer Cruising in the south Seas (1874)
  • Marshallah, a Flight into Egypt (1885);
  • A Trip to Hawaii (1885);
  • In the Footprints of the Padres (1892)
  • Hawaiian Life (1894)
  • Saint Anthony, The Wonder-Worker of Padua (1896)
  • A Cruise under the Crescent (1898)
  • Over the Rocky Mountains to Alaska (1899)
  • Father Damien, a Sketch (1903)
  • With Staff and Scrip (1904)
  • Hither and Yon
  • The Confessions of a Reformed Poet (1907)
  • The Dream Lady (1907)


  1. ^ Tarnoff, Ben. The Bohemians: Mark Twain and the San Francisco Writers Who Reinvented American Literature. New York: The Penguin Press, 2014: 38. ISBN 978-1-59420-473-9
  2. ^ Tarnoff, Ben. The Bohemians: Mark Twain and the San Francisco Writers Who Reinvented American Literature. New York: The Penguin Press, 2014: 39. ISBN 978-1-59420-473-9
  3. ^ Tarnoff, Ben. The Bohemians: Mark Twain and the San Francisco Writers Who Reinvented American Literature. New York: The Penguin Press, 2014: 40. ISBN 978-1-59420-473-9
  4. ^ Lyons, Paul (2006). American Pacificism: Oceania in the U.S. Imagination. New York: Routledge. p. 122. Retrieved May 17, 2015. 
  5. ^ Chloë Schama, Wild Romance: A Victorian Story (New York: Walker & Company), 151-153
  6. ^ Austen, Roger; Crowley, John W. (1995). Genteel Pagan: The Double Life of Charles Warren Stoddard. Univ of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 978-0870239809. 
  7. ^ Bay Area Reporter (August 7, 2014)
  8. ^ Austen, Roger; Crowley, John W. (1995). Genteel Pagan: The Double Life of Charles Warren Stoddard. Univ of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 978-0870239809. 
  9. ^

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Charles Warren Stoddard". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. 

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