Charles Wheeler (journalist)
Sir Charles Wheeler
Selwyn Charles Cornelius-Wheeler
15 March 1923
|Died||4 July 2008 (aged 85)|
|Education||Cranbrook School, Kent|
|Occupation||BBC News foreign correspondent|
|Newsnight, Dateline London, Panorama|
Sir Selwyn Charles Cornelius-Wheeler CMG (15 March 1923 – 4 July 2008) was a British journalist and broadcaster. Having joined the BBC in 1947, he became the corporation's longest-serving foreign correspondent, remaining in the role until his death. Wheeler also had spells as presenter of several BBC current affairs television programmes including Newsnight and Panorama.
Wheeler was born in Bremen, Germany, in 1923, where his father was working for the British Council. The family later moved to Hamburg, where his father was employed by a shipping company. Educated at the Cranbrook School in Kent, his first job was as an errand boy at the Daily Sketch newspaper at the age of 17. He enlisted in the Royal Marines in 1941, rising to the rank of captain.
After leaving the Royal Marines in 1947, Wheeler joined the BBC, initially as a sub-editor at the Latin American division of the World Service. Wheeler's long career as a foreign correspondent began with a three-year posting to Berlin in 1950, partly thanks to his fluency in German. He subsequently returned to the UK, becoming a producer on the fledgling current affairs series Panorama in 1956. As part of Panorama's team, he travelled to Hungary to cover what would become known as the Hungarian Uprising. Taking Panorama's camera into the country, despite being told not to, he filmed the jubilant Hungarian reaction to the rebellion. Just hours after Wheeler returned to Britain, Russia re-entered Hungary and crushed the revolt. Having declined an offer to become the programme's editor, he was later assigned to New Delhi (where he reported extensively on the 1959 Tibetan uprising) and Washington DC, where he covered the American Civil Rights Movement and the Watergate scandal between 1965 and 1973. In the later years of his television career he was the American correspondent of Newsnight. He returned to Berlin when the Wall was built and remained there for several years with his Indian-born wife.
Wheeler was the first presenter of BBC World's Dateline London discussion programme. He remained active in his later years as a presenter of documentary series on Radio 4 and a contributor to the network's From Our Own Correspondent. He had been working on a programme about the Dalai Lama until a few weeks before his death.
Following Wheeler's death, the British Journalism Review established the Charles Wheeler Award for Outstanding Contribution to Broadcast Journalism, which is presented annually at a conference co-hosted by the publication and the University of Westminster. Winners of the award to date are Jeremy Paxman, Jeremy Bowen, Lindsey Hilsum and Alan Little.
Wheeler was twice married, in 1962 his second marriage was to Dip Singh with whom he had two daughters: barrister Marina Wheeler (the estranged wife of the politician Boris Johnson) and Shirin Wheeler, the BBC's former Brussels correspondent. Wheeler was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George in 2001, and was knighted in the 2006 Birthday Honours, for services to broadcasting and journalism overseas.
In June 2006, Wheeler announced he had discovered that a painting by Alessandro Allori of Eleonora of Toledo, the wife of Cosimo de' Medici, which had been given to him in Berlin as a wedding present in 1952, had been looted during the Second World War. Via the Commission for Looted Art in Europe it was returned to its legitimate owner, the Gemäldegalerie of Berlin, from whose possession it had been absent since 1944.
- "Obituary: Charles Wheeler". BBC News. 4 July 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2008.
- "BBC journalist Wheeler dies at 85". BBC News. 4 July 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2008.
- "Obituary: Sir Charles Wheeler". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. 4 July 2008. Retrieved 4 July 2008.
- "On This Day: Correspondents: Charles Wheeler". BBC News. 9 June 2003. Retrieved 4 July 2008.
- Jackson, Harold (4 July 2008). "Obituary: Charles Wheeler". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 4 July 2008.
- Booker, Christopher (24 February 2008). "Notebook: EU Parliament votes not to take any notice of the people's wishes,". The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 3 May 2008.
- Harding, Luke (1 June 2006). "Renaissance woman returned to gallery". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. Retrieved 3 May 2008.
- Leigh Holmwood, Veteran BBC foreign correspondent Charles Wheeler, 85, dies The Guardian, 4 July 2008
- A Tribute to Charles Wheeler BBC Newsnight