Charles Wheeler (sculptor)

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Sir Charles Wheeler
Bank of England facade, sculpture by Sir Charles Wheeler
Born Charles Thomas Wheeler
14 March 1892 (1892-03-14)
Codsall, Staffordshire, England
Died 22 August 1974 (1974-08-23) (aged 82)
Five Ashes, Mayfield, Sussex, England
Education Wolverhampton, London
Known for sculpture, architectural sculpture
Admiral Philip Louis Vian by Charles Wheeler, 1942

Sir Charles Thomas Wheeler KCVO CBE PRA (14 March 1892 – 22 August 1974) was a British sculptor, and the first sculptor to hold the Presidency of the Royal Academy (from 1956 through 1966).


Wheeler was born in Codsall, Staffordshire and raised in nearby Wolverhampton. He studied at the Municipal School of Art in Wolverhampton (now Wolverhampton University) under Robert Emerson.[1] In 1912 he won a scholarship to the Royal College of Art where he studied under Édouard Lantéri. For World War I Wheeler was classified as unfit for active service and instead modeled artificial limbs for war amputees.

He came to specialize in portraits and architectural sculpture. He became a Fellow of the Royal Academy in 1940 and became its President in 1956. In 1968 he wrote his autobiography, High Relief.

During the Second World War he was the only sculptor to have a permanent contract with the War Artists Advisory Committee.

Charles Wheeler's statue of Lady Wulfrun at St Peter's Church, Wolverhampton


Works include:


  • Public Sculpture of the City of London, by Philip Ward-Jackson

External links[edit]

Cultural offices
Preceded by
Sir Albert Richardson
President of the Royal Academy
Succeeded by
Walter Thomas Monnington