Charles Wriothesley (// REYE-əths-lee; 8 May 1508 – 25 January 1562) was a long-serving officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. He was the last member of a dynasty of heralds that started with his grandfather—Garter Principal King of Arms John Writhe.
Charles Wriothesley was a younger son of Thomas Wriothesley, who also became Garter King of Arms, and his wife, Jane Hall. His uncle, William Wriothesley had also served at the College of Arms as York Herald. Charles Wriotheley was born in London on 8 May 1508. In 1511, he moved with his family into Garter House, which his father had built as an embodiment of the family's rise to fame. His father sent him to Cambridge to study law. He was being educated at Trinity Hall, Cambridge by 1522.
He seems to have married twice. His first wife was the daughter of a Mr Mallory. When he died at his lodgings London on 25 January 1562, however, there was no mention made of a wife or children in his funeral certificate. His fellow heralds paid for a splendid funeral. He was buried not in St Giles-without-Cripplegate, along with all the other members of his family, but in the middle aisle of St Sepulchre-without-Newgate. He left no will, and the great library of books that he had inherited from his father was sold after his death, many of its contents to Gilbert Dethick and his son William, the founders of a new heraldic dynasty.
In October 1524, one of the pursuivants at the College of Arms was promoted to replace a senior herald that had died. This gave the Wriothesley family a chance to extend their dynasty. At the age of only 16, Charles was appointed Rouge Croix Pursuivant. His appointment was made formal by letters patent on 29 May 1525 with the annual salary of £10. Shortly after this appointment, Wriothesley resumed his interrupted legal training. In 1529 he became a gentleman of Gray's Inn.
In the early 1530s, Wriothesley reached the peak of his career as an officer of arms. He was a part of the ceremony that created Anne Boleyn as Marquess of Pembroke in 1532. He also attended her coronation the following year. The death of Thomas Wriothesley on 24 November 1534 set a series of promotions at the College of Arms into motion. Thomas Wall was made Garter King of Arms, and Charles was made Windsor Herald of Arms in Ordinary. Wriothesley's work as a herald seems to have been undistinguished, and he plainly did not prosper. When Thomas Wall died in 1536, after only two years' tenure as Garter, Wriothesley found himself overlooked for the promotion to his father's and grandfather's office. Even the succession of his cousin Thomas, Baron Wriothesley, to the lord chancellorship does not seem to have improved his prospects. When Christopher Barker died in 1550 Wriothesley was again passed over for promotion to Garter. His name appears in the charter of 1554 whereby King Philip and Queen Mary I established the heralds and their successors as a corporation with perpetual succession and granted them the house called Derby Place in which to keep safe their records and rolls and all things touching their faculty.
- A Chronicle of England During the Reigns of the Tudors, From A.D. 1485 to 1559, (Wriothesley's Chronicle)
- King of arms
- Anstis, John (1724). The Register of the Most Noble Order of the Garter ... 2. London: John Barber.
- Campbell, L.; Steer, F. (1988). A Catalog of Manuscripts in the College of Arms Collections. London.
- Godfrey, Walter H.; Wagner, Sir Anthony (1963). The College of Arms, Queen Victoria Street. Survey of London Monographs. 16. London: British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
- Kipling, Gordon (2004). "Wriothesley, Charles (1508–1562)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/30071. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Wagner, Sir Anthony (1967). Heralds of England: A History of the Office and College of Arms. London: H.M.S.O.
- Wagner, Sir Anthony (1950). A Catalogue of English Mediaeval Rolls of Arms. Publications of the Harleian Society. C. London: Oxford University Press for the Harleian Society.
- Wells, J. C. (2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Harlow: Pearson Education. ISBN 9781405881180.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1885–1900 Dictionary of National Biography's article about Charles Wriothesley.|
- The College of Arms
- Heraldic List of Officers of Arms
- A Chronicle of England During the Reigns of the Tudors, From A.D. 1485 to 1559, I Wriothesley's Chronicle, Volume I at Internet Archive
- A Chronicle of England During the Reigns of the Tudors, From A.D. 1485 to 1559, II Wriothesley's Chronicle, Volume II at Internet Archive