Charles de Broqueville
|Charles de Broqueville|
|20th Prime Minister of Belgium|
22 October 1932 – 20 November 1934
|Preceded by||Jules Renkin|
|Succeeded by||Georges Theunis|
17 June 1911 – 1 June 1918
|Preceded by||Frans Schollaert|
|Succeeded by||Gérard Cooreman|
|Born||4 December 1860|
|Died||5 September 1940 (aged 79)|
|Political party||Catholic Party|
Once it became clear that Germany intended to violate Belgian neutrality in August 1914, he oversaw Belgium's mobilization for war. Despite the mobilization, de Broqueville opposed King Albert I's proposal to deploy the Belgian Army along the German frontier in 1914 — instead strategically placing them throughout the country. He recognized that wartime support for Belgium depended upon its continued status as a non-provocative neutral power.
The German invasion of 1914 forced the Belgian government into exile at Le Havre. De Broqueville fought the king on the neutrality issue, hereby denying Belgium a full alliance with the Allied forces.
This opposition of the king critically weakened de Broqueville's stance among members of his cabinet. Consequently, he resigned as Foreign Secretary in January 1918 and as Prime Minister in May when he lost the support of his own party.
De Broqueville also served as minister in various departments:
- Minister of Railways and PTT (Posts, Telegraphs and Telephones) 1910-1912
- Minister of War 1912-1917
- Minister of Foreign Affairs 1917
- Minister of Reconstruction 1917-1918
- Minister of the Interior 1918-1919
- Minister of National Defence 1926-1930
After the War
Later, Charles de Broqueville became Prime Minister a second time, serving from 22 October 1932 until 20 November 1934.
- Denmark: Knight of the Order of the Dannebrog
- Greece: Grand Cross of the Order of the Redeemer
- Holy See: Knight with the Collar of the Order of Pius IX.
- Japan: 1st class in the Order of the Rising Sun
- Kingdom of Italy: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus,
- Luxemburg: Grand Cross of the Order of the Oak Crown
- Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion,
- United Kingdom: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
- Knight of the Order of the White Eagle (Russian Empire),
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown of Romania,
- Knight Grand Cross of the Portuguese Order of Christ (Portugal)
- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Zähringer Lion (Grand Duchy of Baden)
- Royal Decree of 1919/-Mémorial du centenaire de l'Ordre de Léopold. 1832-1932. Bruxelles, J. Rozez, 1933..
References and further reading
- Louis DE LICHTERVELDE, Charles de Broqueville, in: Biographie Nationale de Belgique, t. XXIX, 1956-1957, p. 369-377.
- Paul VAN MOLLE, La parlement belge, 1894-1972, Antwerp, 1972
- Luc SCHEPENS, Albert Ier et le gouvernement Broqueville, 1914–1918 : aux origines de la question communautaire. Paris 1983,
- Thierry DENOËL, Le nouveau dictionnaire des Belges, 2e éd. revue et augm., Brussels, Le Cri, 1992, p. 167.
- Maria DE WAELE, Charles de Broqueville, in: Nieuwe Encyclopedie van de Vlaamse Beweging, Tielt, 1998
- Paul VOS, Charles de Broqueville op de kering der tijden, in: Vlaamse Stam, 2012, blz. 122-142.
- Frans RENAERS, De opvoeding van Charles de Broqueville, in: Vlaamse Stam, blz 142-145.
- Charles de Broqueville at Prime Minister of Belgium
- Newspaper clippings about Charles de Broqueville in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics (ZBW)
| Prime Minister of Belgium
| Prime Minister of Belgium