Charles de Gaulle Airport

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Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport
Aéroport Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle
Roissy Airport
Aeroports de Paris logo.svg
Aeroport de Roissy.JPG
IATA: CDGICAO: LFPG
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Paris Aéroport
Serves Paris, France
Location 25 km (16 mi) NE of Paris
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 119 m / 392 ft
Coordinates 49°00′35″N 002°32′52″E / 49.00972°N 2.54778°E / 49.00972; 2.54778Coordinates: 49°00′35″N 002°32′52″E / 49.00972°N 2.54778°E / 49.00972; 2.54778
Website aeroportsdeparis.fr
Maps
Location of Île-de-France region in France
Location of Île-de-France region in France
CDG is located in Île-de-France (region)
CDG
CDG
Location in Île-de-France
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
08L/26R 4,215 13,829 Asphalt
08R/26L 2,700 8,858 Asphalt
09L/27R 2,700 8,858 Asphalt
09R/27L 4,200 13,780 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Aircraft movements 497,763
Passengers 65,766,986
Economic impact $29.0 billion[2]
Social impact 250.8 thousand[2]
Sources: AIP France,[3] ACI[4][5]

Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (French: Aéroport de Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle, IATA: CDGICAO: LFPG), also known as Roissy Airport (name of the local district), is the largest international airport in France. It is named after Charles de Gaulle (1890–1970), leader of the Free French Forces during the Second World War, founder of the French Fifth Republic and President of France from 1959 to 1969. Charles de Gaulle Airport is located within portions of several communes 25 km (16 mi)[3] to the northeast of Paris. The airport serves as the principal hub for Air France as well as a European hub for fellow SkyTeam alliance partner Delta Air Lines.

In 2015, the airport handled 65,766,986 passengers and 497,763 aircraft movements,[6] thus making it the world's eighth-busiest airport and Europe's second-busiest airport (after London Heathrow) in terms of passenger numbers. It is also the world's tenth-busiest and it is Europe's second-busiest airport (after London Heathrow) in aircraft movements. In terms of cargo traffic, the airport is the twelfth-busiest in the world and the second-busiest in Europe (after Frankfurt Airport), handling 2,150,950 metric tonnes of cargo in 2012.[6] The incumbent director of the airport, Franck Goldnadel, was appointed to his position on 1 March 2011.[7][8]

Location[edit]

Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport covers 32.38 square kilometres (12.50 sq mi) of land. The airport area, including terminals and runways, spans over three départements and six communes:

The choice of constructing an international aviation hub outside of central Paris was made due to a limited prospect of potential relocations or expropriations and the possibility of further expanding the airport in the future.

Management of the airport lies solely on the authority of Paris Aéroport, which also manages Orly (south of Paris), Le Bourget (to the immediate southwest of Charles de Gaulle Airport, now used for general aviation and Paris Air Shows), Marsa Alam in Egypt, and several smaller airfields in the suburbs of Paris.

History[edit]

Development[edit]

The planning and construction phase of what was known then as Aéroport de Paris Nord (Paris North Airport) began in 1966. On 8 March 1974 the airport, renamed Charles de Gaulle Airport, opened. Terminal 1 was built in an avant-garde design of a ten-floors-high circular building surrounded by seven satellite buildings, each with six gates allowing sunlight to enter through apertures. The main architect was Paul Andreu, who was also in charge of the extensions during the following decades.

Corporate identity[edit]

The Frutiger typeface was commissioned for use in the airport and implemented on signs throughout the building in 1975. Initially called Roissy, it was renamed after its designer Adrian Frutiger.

Until 2005, every PA announcement made at Terminal 1 was preceded by a distinctive chime, nicknamed "Indicatif Roissy" and composed by Bernard Parmegiani in 1971. The chime can be heard in the Roman Polanski film Frantic. The chime was officially replaced by the "Indicatif ADP" chime.

Terminals[edit]

Airport Diagram
Aerial view of Terminal 1
Aerial view of Terminal 2A and 2B

Charles de Gaulle Airport has three terminals: Terminal 1 is the oldest and situated opposite to Terminal 3; Terminal 2 is located at another side with 7 sub-terminal buildings (2A to 2G). Terminal 2 was originally built exclusively for Air France; since then it has been expanded significantly and now also hosts other airlines. Terminals 2A to 2F are interconnected by elevated and situated next to each other. Terminal 2G is a satellite building connected by shuttle bus.

Terminal 3 (formerly known as "Terminal 9") hosts charter and low-cost airlines. The CDGVAL light-rail shuttle connects Terminal 2 to Terminals 1/3 and their parking lots. Refer to Ground Transportation below for inter-terminal transfers and transport to central Paris.

Terminal 1[edit]

The first terminal, designed by Paul Andreu, was built in the image of an octopus. It consists of a circular terminal building which houses key functions such as check-in counters and baggage claim conveyors. Seven satellites with boarding gates are connected to the central building by underground walkways.

The central building, with a large skylight in its centre, dedicates each floor to a single function. The first floor is reserved for technical operations and not accessible to the public. The second floor contains shops and restaurants, the CDGVAL inter-terminal shuttle train platforms (for Terminal 2 and trains to central Paris) and check-in counters from a recent renovation. The majority of check-in counters, however, are located on the third floor, which also has access to taxi stands, bus stops and special pick-up vehicles. Departing passengers with valid boarding passes can reach the fourth floor, which houses duty-free stores and border control posts, for the boarding gates. The fifth floor contains baggage claim conveyors for arriving passengers. All four upper floors have assigned areas for parking and airline offices.

Passages between the third, fourth and fifth floors are provided by a tangle of escalators arranged through the centre of the building. These escalators are suspended over the central court. Each escalator is covered with a transparent tube to shelter from all weather conditions. These escalators were often used in film shootings (e.g. The Last Gang of Ariel Zeitoun). The Alan Parsons Project album I Robot features these escalators on its cover.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 is spread across seven sub-terminals: 2A to 2G. Terminals 2A to 2F are connected by inter-terminal walkways, but Terminal 2G is a satellite building 800 m (0.5 mi) away. Terminal 2G can only be accessed by shuttle bus from Terminals 1, 2A to 2F and 3. The CDGVAL inter-terminal shuttle train, Paris RER Regional-Express and high-speed TGV rail station, Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV, is located within the Terminal 2 complex and between 2C and 2E (on one side) or 2D and 2F (on the opposite side).

Terminal 2F was used for the filming of the music video for the U2 song "Beautiful Day". The band also had their picture taken inside Terminal 2F for the album artwork of their 2000 album "All That You Can't Leave Behind".

Collapse of Terminal 2E[edit]

Collapsed Terminal 2E, June 2004
Terminal 2

On 23 May 2004, shortly after the inauguration of terminal 2E, a portion of it collapsed near Gate E50, killing four people.[10] Two of the dead were reported to be Chinese citizens and another a Czech. Three other people were injured in the collapse. Terminal 2E had been inaugurated in 2003 after some delays in construction and was designed by Paul Andreu. Administrative and judicial enquiries were started. Andreu also designed Terminal 3 at Dubai International Airport, which collapsed while under construction on 28 September 2004.

Before this accident, ADP had been planning for an initial public offering in 2005 with the new terminal as a major attraction for investors. The partial collapse and indefinite closing of the terminal just before the beginning of summer seriously hurt the airport's business plan.

In February 2005, the results from the administrative inquiry were published. The experts pointed out that there was no single fault, but rather a number of causes for the collapse, in a design that had little margin for safety. The inquiry found the concrete vaulted roof was not resilient enough and had been pierced by metallic pillars and some openings weakened the structure. Sources close to the inquiry also disclosed that the whole building chain had worked as close to the limits as possible, so as to reduce costs. Paul Andreu denounced the building companies for having not correctly prepared the reinforced concrete.

On 17 March 2005, ADP decided to tear down and rebuild the whole part of Terminal 2E (the "jetty") of which a section had collapsed, at a cost of approximately €100 million.[11] The reconstruction replaced the innovative concrete tube style of the jetty with a more traditional steel and glass structure. During reconstruction, two temporary departure lounges were constructed in the vicinity of the terminal that replicated the capacity of 2E before the collapse. The terminal reopened completely on 30 March 2008.

Terminal 2G[edit]

Terminal 2, display screen
Air France aircraft on stands at Terminal 2F at Charles de Gaulle Airport.
KLM Boeing 737-700 push-back at Charles de Gaulle Airport.

Terminal 2G, dedicated to regional Air France flights and its affiliates, opened in 2008. This terminal is to the east of all terminals and can only be reached by shuttle bus. Terminal 2G is used for passengers flying in the Schengen Area (and thus has no passport control) and handles Air France regional and European traffic and provides small-capacity planes (up to 150 passengers) with a faster turnaround time than is currently possible by enabling them to park close to the new terminal building and boarding passengers primarily by bus, or walking. A bus line called "navette orange" connects the terminal 2G inside the safety check area with terminals 2E and 2F. Passengers transferring to other terminals need to take a bus in the public area, and therefore pass through safety checks again.

Hall L (Satellite 3)[edit]

The completion of 750 m (2,460 ft) long Satellite 3 (or S3) to the immediate east of Terminals 2E and 2F provides further jetways for large-capacity airliners, specifically the Airbus A380. Check-in and baggage handling are provided by the existing infrastructure in Terminals 2E and 2F. Satellite 3 was opened in part on 27 June 2007 and fully operational in September 2007. It corresponds now to gates L of terminal 2E.

Hall M (Satellite 4)[edit]

The satellite S4, adjacent to the S3 and part of terminal 2E, officially opened on 28 June 2012. It corresponds now to gates M of terminal 2E. Dedicated to long-haul flights, it has the ability to handle 16 aircraft at the same time, with an expected capacity of 7.8 million passengers per year. Its opening has led to the relocation of all Skyteam airlines to terminals 2E (for international carriers), 2F (for Schengen European carriers) and 2G.

Future[edit]

Air France has moved all of its operations previously located at 2C to 2E. In October 2012, 2F closed its international operations and became completely Schengen, allowing for all Air France flights currently operating in 2D to relocate to terminal 2F. Further, in April 2013, Terminal 2B closed for a complete renovation (all airlines relocated to 2D) and will receive upgrades including the addition of a second floor completely dedicated to arrivals. Once 2B is completed, 2D will close and receive similar upgrades, including the addition of a new floor. Low-cost carrier easyJet has shown its interest in being the sole carrier at 2B.[12] To facilitate connections, a new boarding area between 2A and 2C was opened in March 2012. It allows for all security and passport control to be handled in a single area, allows for many new shopping opportunities as well as new airline lounges, and eases transfer restrictions between 2A and 2C.

According to La Tribune newspaper a new Terminal 4 is likely to be built around 2025, when Charles de Gaulle Airport's maximum capacity of 80 millions will be reached. This new Terminal 4, when constructed, will be able to accommodate 30-40 million passengers per year and will most likely be built north of Terminal 2E.[13]

Terminal 3[edit]

Terminal 3 is located 1 km (0.62 mi) away from Terminal 1. It consists of separate buildings for arrivals and departures. The walking distance between Terminals 1 and 3 is 3 km (1.9 mi) long, however, the rail station (named as "CDG Airport Terminal 1") for RER and CDGVAL trains are only at a distance of 300 m (980 ft). Terminal 3 has no boarding gates constructed and all passengers are ferried via boarding buses to the aircraft stands.

Roissypôle[edit]

Roissypôle is a complex consisting of office buildings, shopping areas, hotels, and a bus coach and RER B station within Charles de Gaulle Airport. The complex includes the head office of Air France,[14] Continental Square,[15] the Hilton Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport,[16] and le Dôme building. Le Dôme includes the head office of Air France Consulting, an Air France subsidiary.[17] Continental Square has the head office of XL Airways France,[18] the head office of Air France subsidiary Servair[19] and the Air France Vaccinations Centre.[20]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal / Hall
Adria Airways Ljubljana, Łódź[21][22] 1
Aegean Airlines Athens, Larnaca
Seasonal: Corfu, Kalamata, Heraklion, Rhodes, Samos, Thessaloniki
1
Aer Lingus Cork, Dublin 1
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo 2C
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Saint Petersburg 2C
Aeroméxico Mexico City 2E
Aigle Azur Seasonal: Algiers, Bamako 2D
Air Algérie Algiers, Annaba, Biskra (begins 28 March 2017),[23] Chlef,[24] Constantine, Oran
Seasonal: Batna (begins 19 June 2017),[25] El Oued[26]
2C
Air Arabia Maroc Fez, Tangier (both begin 4 December 2016) [27] 3
Air Astana Astana 2A
Air Austral Saint-Denis de la Réunion
Seasonal: Dzaoudzi
2C
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson 2A
Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Shanghai–Pudong 1
Air Corsica Seasonal: Bastia TBD
Air Europa Málaga, Valencia 2F
Air France Abidjan, Abuja, Accra (begins 28 February 2017),[28] Algiers, Amman–Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Antananarivo, Athens, Atlanta, Bamako, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Bangalore, Bangui, Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Beirut, Berlin–Tegel, Birmingham, Bogotá, Bologna, Bordeaux, Boston, Brazzaville, Brest, Bucharest–Otopeni, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cairo, Cancún,[29][30] Cape Town,[31] Caracas, Casablanca, Conakry, Copenhagen, Cotonou, Dakar, Delhi, Detroit, Djibouti, Douala, Dubai–International, Florence, Frankfurt, Freetown–Lungi, Geneva, Glasgow-International, Guangzhou, Hamburg, Havana, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Istanbul–Atatürk, Johannesburg–Tambo, Kiev–Boryspil, Kinshasa–N'djili, Lagos, Libreville, Lima, Lisbon, Lomé, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luanda, Lyon, Madrid, Manchester, Malabo, Marseille, Mauritius, Mexico City, Milan–Linate, Miami, Montevideo, Montpellier, Montréal–Trudeau, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, Munich, N'Djamena, Nantes, Naples, New York–JFK, Niamey, Nouakchott, Nice, Oran,[32] Osaka–Kansai, Ouagadougou, Panama City, Papeete, Pointe-Noire, Port Harcourt, Prague, Punta Cana, Rabat, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Riyadh, Rome–Fiumicino, Saint-Martin, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Toulouse, Tunis, Vancouver, Venice–Marco Polo, Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Yaoundé, Wuhan, Yerevan, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, Kraków,[33] Minneapolis/St. Paul, San José de Costa Rica,[34] Sofia
Seasonal charter: Fort-de-France
2E, 2F
Air France
operated by CityJet
Dublin, Düsseldorf, Hanover, Newcastle upon Tyne, Turin 2E, 2G
Air France
operated by HOP!
Aberdeen, Basel/Mulhouse, Biarritz, Bilbao, Billund, Bremen, Brest, Budapest, Edinburgh, Clermont-Ferrand, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Genoa, Gothenburg, Hanover, Ljubljana, Nuremberg, Oslo–Gardermoen, Pau, Rennes, Stuttgart, Zagreb 2E, 2G
Air India Delhi 2C
Air Madagascar Antananarivo 2C
Air Malta Malta 2D
Air Mauritius Mauritius 2E
Air Nostrum Santander, Vigo 3
Air Serbia Belgrade 2D
Air Seychelles Mahé 2A
Air Tahiti Nui Los Angeles, Papeete 2A
Air Transat Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Calgary, Québec City, Vancouver
3
airBaltic Riga, Tallinn, Vilnius (begins 26 March 2017) 2D
Alitalia Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
Seasonal: Alghero
2F
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda 1
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, New York–JFK, Philadelphia
Seasonal: Boston, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare
2A
Arkia Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Eilat–Ovda
3
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon 1
ASL Airlines France Charter: Gran Canaria
Seasonal: Calvi, Dublin, Eilat-Ovda, Halifax, Kittilä, Oujda, Rhodes[35]
Seasonal charter: Budapest, Dubrovnik, Porto, Seville, Split
3
AtlasGlobal Istanbul-Atatürk 3
Austrian Airlines Vienna 2D
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku 2D
Azores Airlines Seasonal: Ponta Delgada 1
Belavia Minsk 2D
BMI Regional Bristol 3
British Airways London–Heathrow 2A
Brussels Airlines Brussels 1
Brussels Airlines
operated by ASL Airlines France
Brussels 1
Bulgaria Air Sofia 2D
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 2A
Camair-Co Douala, Yaoundé 1
China Eastern Airlines Kunming, Shanghai–Pudong 2E
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou 2E
Cobalt Air Larnaca 1
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Pula, Split, Zadar
2D
Czech Airlines Prague 2D
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston, Cincinnati, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, Newark, Raleigh/Durham, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh
2E
easyJet Agadir, Barcelona, Belfast–International, Biarritz, Bologna, Bristol, Budapest, Catania, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Faro, Glasgow, Kraków, Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London-Southend, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester,[36] Marrakech, Milan-Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Nice, Porto, Prague, Pristina, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–South, Toulouse, Venice–Marco Polo
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Bastia, Casablanca, Corfu, Figari, Heraklion, Ibiza, Minorca, Mykonos, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Pula, Split
2D
EgyptAir Cairo
Seasonal: Luxor
1
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Eilat–Ovda
2A
Emirates Dubai–International 2C
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, La Palma, Kittilä 3
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa 2A
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 2C
Eurowings Düsseldorf, Salzburg (begins 13 January 2017)[37] 1
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Berlin–Tegel, Düsseldorf, Hamburg 1
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan 1
Finnair Helsinki 2D
Flybe Birmingham, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, Edinburgh, Exeter, London-City, Manchester, Southampton 2E
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya, Dalaman 3
Gulf Air Bahrain 2C
Hainan Airlines Hangzhou, Xi'an 2A
Iberia
operated by Air Nostrum
Seasonal: Vigo[38] 3
Iberia Express Madrid 3
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík 1
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 2A
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita 2E
Jet2.com East Midlands (begins 30 March 2017),[39] Leeds/Bradford 3
Jetairfly Seasonal charter: Lamezia Terme, Malaga, Menorca, Split 3
Jet Airways Mumbai 2C
Kenya Airways Nairobi–Kenyatta 2C
KLM Amsterdam 2F
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon 2E
Kuwait Airways Kuwait 1
La Compagnie Newark 1
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos 1
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin 1
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Munich 1
Luxair Luxembourg 2G
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini 1
Middle East Airlines Beirut 2E
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Seasonal: Tivat
2D
Niki Vienna 3
Nordica
operated by LOT Polish Airlines
Seasonal: Tallinn 1
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Long Haul
Fort Lauderdale, Los Angeles, New York–JFK,[40] Orlando–International (begins 31 July 2017)[41] 1
Oman Air Muscat 2A
Onur Air Istanbul–Atatürk 3
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Lahore 1
Qatar Airways Doha 1
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca 1
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia 2A
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh 2C
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Stavanger
1
Singapore Airlines Singapore 1
SkyWork Airlines Bern[42] TBA
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service Airlines
Seasonal: Ostrava, Prague 3
Sun D'Or
operated by El Al
Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 2A
SunExpress Izmir 3
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 1
TACV Cabo Verde Airlines Sal, São Vicente 1
TAROM Bucharest–Otopeni 2E
Tassili Airlines Algiers 1
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi 1
Tunisair Djerba, Tozeur 3
Tunisair Express Sfax, Tunis 3
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen 1
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat 2D
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil 2D
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles 1
Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg 1
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent, Urgench[43] 2C
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City 2E
Vueling Barcelona, Copenhagen, Fuerteventura, London-Gatwick, Madrid, Naples, Oviedo, Prague, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Venice, Vienna
Seasonal: Bari, Tangier
3
WOW air Reykjavík–Keflavík 1
XL Airways France Cancún, Cayo Coco (begins 22 December 2016),[44] Fort-de-France, Pointe-à-Pitre, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Santa Clara (begins 22 December 2016),[44] Varadero (begins 19 December 2016)[44]
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–JFK, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Samaná, San Francisco, San Salvador (Bahamas), St. Maarten (begins 18 December 2016),[45] Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion (begins 9 July 2017)[46]
2A

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air France Cargo Algiers, Antananarivo, Atlanta, Bahrain, Bamako, Bangui, Boston, Brazzaville, Cairo, Casablanca, Chicago–O'Hare, Dammam, Djibouti, Douala, Dubai-International, Dublin, Guadalajara, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Jeddah, Kuwait, Mexico City, Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta, N'djamena, New York–JFK, Nouakchott, Ouagadougou, Pointe-Noire, Port Harcourt, Porto, Prestwick, Saint Denis de la Réunion, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Tripoli, Tunis, Zaragoza
Air France Cargo
operated by Martinair Cargo
Niamey
Air France Cargo
operated by MNG Airlines
Istanbul–Atatürk
ASL Airlines Belgium Liège
ASL Airlines France Bordeaux, Brest, Lorient, Lourdes, Lyon, Nantes, Nice, Pau, Toulouse
Cargo Garuda Indonesia Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Cathay Pacific Cargo Delhi, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, London–Heathrow, Mumbai
China Airlines Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
China Southern Cargo Guangzhou, Vienna
DHL Aviation
operated by DHL Air UK
Casablanca, Cincinnati, Leipzig/Halle, London–Heathrow
FedEx Express Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Birmingham, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Delhi, Dubai-International, Guangzhou, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Indianapolis, Istanbul–Atatürk, London–Stansted, Madrid, Memphis, Milan–Malpensa, Mumbai, Munich, Newark, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, Vienna
FedEx Feeder
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Belfast-International, Berlin–Schönefeld, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Lyon, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Shannon, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Warsaw-Chopin
FedEx Feeder
operated by Swiftair
Hannover
Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon
MNG Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Istanbul–Atatürk, London–Luton
Swiftair Madrid
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Louisville
UPS Airlines
operated by Star Air
Cologne/Bonn

Ground transportation[edit]

Terminal 2, CDGVAL station
Terminal 2E, LISA station
RER station of Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV
Train station of Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV

CDGVAL[edit]

A free automatic shuttle rail service at Charles de Gaulle Airport, consisting of two lines (CDGVAL and LISA), is based on the VAL operational system. The shuttle train connects both railway stations for Terminals 1/3 and Terminal 2 in 8 minutes.

RER[edit]

Charles de Gaulle airport is connected to central Paris by the RER B Regional-Express services (€10 one-way as of 2016[47]). During off-peak hours and weekends, there are two types of services:

  1. 4 trains per hour to Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse calling at all intermediate stations to Cité Universitaire, then Bourg-la-Reine, La Croix de Berny, Antony, Massy–Palaiseau and then all stations to Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse; and
  2. 4 trains per hour to Massy–Palaiseau (on the Saint-Rémy line), non-stop express until Gare du Nord and then all stations to Massy–Palaiseau.

The express RER B only call at the railway stations of Terminal 1 (also for Terminal 3) and Terminal 2 before Gare du Nord. Journey time is 30–35 minutes. The stopping RER B take about 35–40 minutes and is sometimes overtaken by the express RER B trains.

RER B is jointly operated by SNCF and RATP (Transport for Paris), but the Regional-Express used to suffer from slowness and overcrowding. For these reasons, French authorities have started two projects: CDG Express,[48] which is supposed to link Charles de Gaulle Airport to Paris Gare de l'Est railway station (next to Gare du Nord) from 2023 with trains specifically designed for air travellers; RER B Nord Plus,[49] which modernised and streamlined RER B rail traffic and network north of Gare du Nord from 2008 to 2013 then renovated the trains from 2010 to 2015.

TGV[edit]

Terminal 2 includes a TGV station on the LGV Interconnexion Est high-speed line. SNCF operates direct TGV services to several French stations from CDG, including Lille, Strasbourg, Dijon, Lyon, Marseille, Montpellier, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Nantes, Poitiers, Rennes, Toulon, as well as services to Brussels in Belgium.

Bus[edit]

After the last RER B service at 23:50, the Noctilien (Night Lines) N143 and N140 depart every 30 minutes and hour respectively from Terminal 1 Door D12, Terminal 2F Door 2 and Roissypôle coach station. Both bus lines run to Paris Gare de l'Est railway station.

Ouibus[edit]

Since 17 December 2012, SNCF's national and international coach network, OUIBUS, serves Charles de Gaulle Airport, by terminal 3, station CDG 1.

  • London – Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport – Lyon
  • Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport – Lyon
  • Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport – Lille
  • Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport – Brussels

Car[edit]

Charles de Gaulle Airport is directly connected to Autoroute A1 which connects Paris and Lille.

Taxis and Transfers[edit]

The ride by taxi from CDG airport to city centre is 45 minutes and from €50 to €65, depending on the type of service/car required.

Alternative airports[edit]

The two other airports serving Paris are Orly Airport (south of Paris, the other major airport in Paris) and Le Bourget Airport (for general aviation and private jets).

Some low-cost airlines also advertise Beauvais–Tillé Airport and Châlons Vatry Airport, respectively 85 km and 165 km from Paris proper, as serving "Paris" with Paris–Beauvais and Paris–Vatry. Beauvais airport has no railway connections, but there is a shuttle bus to central Paris a few times daily.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 6 January 1993, Lufthansa Flight 5634 from Bremen to Paris, which was carried out under the Lufthansa CityLine brand using a Contact Air Dash 8–300 (registered D-BEAT), hit the ground 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) short of the runway of Charles de Gaulle Airport, resulting in the death of four out of the 23 passengers on board. The four crew members survived. The accident occurred after the pilot had to abort the final approach to the airport because the runway had been closed: the aircraft immediately ahead, a Korean Air Boeing 747, had suffered a blown tire upon landing.[51]
  • On 25 May 2000, a freight-carrying Short SH36 (operated as Streamline flight 200), departing to Luton, England, collided on the runway with departing Air Liberte flight 8807, an MD-83 jet. The first officer of the SH36 was killed when the wing tip of the MD-83 tore through his side of the flight deck. The captain was slightly injured and all others aboard survived.
  • On 25 July 2000, a Concorde, Air France Flight 4590 from Charles de Gaulle to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, crashed into Les Relais Bleus Hotel in Gonesse, killing everyone on the aircraft and four people on the ground. Investigations concluded that a tire burst on take-off due to metal left on the runway from a previously departing aircraft, leading to a ruptured fuel tank and resulting in engine failure and other damage. Concorde was conducting a charter flight for a German tour company.

Theft[edit]

  • In December 2006, 20 baggage handlers were found guilty of theft.[52]
  • In 2007, 19 baggage handlers were found guilty of theft.[52]
  • In September 2008, 12 baggage handlers were arrested on suspicion of stealing goods from luggages worth 450,000 euros.[53]
  • In February 2011, 20 baggage handlers were arrested on suspicion of stealing from the luggage of passengers.[54]
  • In November 2012, 11 baggage handlers and 2 maintenance workers were arrested for stealing valuable items from luggage.[55]

Animals[edit]

The grassy lands on which the airport is located are notorious for rabbits and hares, which can be seen by passengers at certain times of the day. The airport organises periodic hunts and captures to keep the population to manageable levels.[56]

Statistics[edit]

The following table shows total passenger numbers.

Year Passengers
2015 65,766,986
2014 63,813,756
2013 62,052,917
2012 61,611,934
2011 60,970,551

Source: Airports Council International

Busiest International Routes 2014[57]
Rank
Airport
Passengers
Carriers
1 United States New York JFK 1,367,096 American Airlines, Air France, Delta Air Lines, XL Airways France
2 United Kingdom London Heathrow 1,250,514 Air France, British Airways
3 Spain Barcelona El Prat 1,183,802 Air France, Easyjet, Vueling
4 Italy Roma Fiumicino 1,171,256 Air France, Alitalia
5 United Arab Emirates Dubai 1,146,818 Air France, Emirates
6 Netherlands Amsterdam Schiphol 1,107,319 Air France, KLM
7 Canada Montreal Trudeau 1,063,559 Air Canada, Air France, Air Transat
8 Germany Frankfurt 1,053,897 Air France, Lufthansa
9 Spain Madrid Barajas 1,030,244 Air France, Easyjet, Vueling
10 Germany Munich 913,637 Air France, Lufthansa
11 Turkey Istanbul Ataturk 826,569 Air France, Turkish Airlines
12 Russia Moscow Sheremetyevo 790,922 Aeroflot, Air France
13 Israel Tel Aviv 789,145 Air France, El Al, Israir
14 Austria Vienna 773,127 Air France, Austrian Airlines
15 Denmark Copenhagen Kastrup 769,244 Air France, Easyjet, Scandinavian Airlines
16 Switzerland Zurich Kloten 746,102 Air France, Swiss International Air Lines
17 China Shanghai Pudong 717,352 Air China, Air France, China Eastern Airlines
18 Switzerland Geneva Cointrin 698,648 Air France, Swiss International Air Lines
19 United States Atlanta Hartsfield Jackson 680,466 Air France, Delta Air Lines
20 Czech Republic Prague Ruzhyne 675,170 Air France, Czech Airlines, Easyjet
21 Germany Berlin Tegel 668,187 Air France, Germanwings
22 Republic of Ireland Dublin 661,376 Aer Lingus, Air France
23 Italy Milan Malpensa 655,633 Easyjet
24 Italy Milan Linate 634,095 Air France, Alitalia
25 Italy Venice Marco Polo 632,788 Air France, Easyjet
26 Greece Athens 618,942 Aegean Airlines, Air France
27 Algeria Algiers 612,608 Air Algerie, Air France
28 United States Los Angeles 605,944 Air France, Air Tahiti Nui
29 Qatar Doha 578,433 Qatar Airways
30 Brazil São Paulo Guarulhos 569,893 Air France, TAM Airlines
Busiest intercontinental routes at Paris Charles de Gaulle International Airport (2014) - Eurostat[58]
Rank City Passengers
1 United States New York - JFK 1,368,038
2 United Arab Emirates Dubai 1,146,818
3 Canada Montreal 1,063,559
4 Israel Tel Aviv 789,368
5 China Shanghai 717,654
6 United States Atlanta 682,211
7 Algeria Algiers 613,608
8 United States Los Angeles 606,005
9 Qatar Doha 578,310
10 Brazil São Paulo 569,928
11 Hong Kong Hong Kong 557,132
12 Japan Tokyo - Narita 521,886
13 China Beijing 513,272
14 South Korea Seoul 505,893
15 Lebanon Beirut 497,206
16 Japan Tokyo - Haneda 493,795
17 Morocco Casablanca 479,110
18 Thailand Bangkok 470,417
19 United States San Francisco 456,475
20 Canada Toronto 453,886

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Corporate Stats and Facts". Delta News Hub. 
  2. ^ a b "Paris Charles de Gaulle airport – Economic and social impact". Ecquants. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b LFPG – PARIS CHARLES DE GAULLE. AIP from French Service d'information aéronautique, effective 10 November 2016.
  4. ^ Traffic Movements 2010 Final, Airports Council International .
  5. ^ Passenger Traffic 2010 Final, Airports Council International, archived from the original on 29 September 2007 .
  6. ^ a b "Statistiques annuelles". Union des aéroports Français. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 
  7. ^ (French) Franck Goldnadel
  8. ^ (French) ADP : Franck Goldnadel nommé directeur de Paris CDG
  9. ^ a b "le 5 janvier 1993 Rapport preliminaire relatif à l'accident survenu sur l'aéroport de Roissy-Charles de Gaulle Archived 22 January 2012 at WebCite." Bureau d'Enquêtes et d'Analyses pour la Sécurité de l'Aviation Civile. 26/34. Retrieved on 14 July 2010.
  10. ^ "'Fresh cracks' at Paris airport". BBC News. 24 May 2004. 
  11. ^ Infos en direct et en vidéo, l'actualité en temps réel – tf1.fr[dead link]
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  13. ^ Fabrice Gliszczynski et Philippe Mabille. "Roissy CDG : un nouveau terminal (colossal) est prévu dans 10 ans (PDG d'Aéroports de Paris)". La Tribune. 
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  21. ^ Łódź Władysław Reymont Airport
  22. ^ "EX-YU Aviation News: Adria Airways to suspend several routes". EXYU Aviation. 
  23. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/270158/air-algerie-proposes-new-french-routes-in-s17/
  24. ^ 2016, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Air Algerie Adds New Seasonal Service to Europe in S16". routesonline. 
  25. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/270158/air-algerie-proposes-new-french-routes-in-s17/
  26. ^ "Air Algerie adds El Oued – Paris route in W16". routesonline. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  27. ^ "Air Arabia Maroc adds new routes from Dec 2016". 
  28. ^ [Accra, new Air France destination in Ghana http://www.airfranceklm.com/en/accra-new-air-france-destination-ghana]
  29. ^ http://www.air-journal.fr/2016-09-26-air-france-propose-la-barbade-avec-air-antilles-renforce-cancun-5169953.html
  30. ^ To be operated all the year
  31. ^ "Lufthansa / Air France extends Cape Town to year-round service in 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 24 November 2016. 
  32. ^ http://www.eturbonews.com/72802/air-france-launches-service-oran-algeria
  33. ^ airlineroute.net/2016/01/21/af-krk-jul16/
  34. ^ 2016, UBM (UK) Ltd. "AIRFRANCE Adds Costa Rica Service in W16". routesonline. 
  35. ^ 2016, UBM (UK) Ltd. "ASL Airlines France Adds New Routes in S16". routesonline. 
  36. ^ "easyJet Adds New Manchester Routes in S16". airlineroute. 
  37. ^ "Eurowings launches Salzburg base in W16". routesonline. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  38. ^ "Air Nostrum Schedules Vigo - Paris Seasonal Service from July 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 8 June 2016. 
  39. ^ http://www.jet2.com/
  40. ^ 2016, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Norwegian Adds Paris CDG Trans-Atlantic Service from late-July 2016". routesonline. 
  41. ^ "Norwegian expands Paris – US flights from July 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 24 November 2016. 
  42. ^ "Skywork Airlines Adds Paris Service from June 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 19 February 2016. 
  43. ^ Liu, Jim (2 November 2016). "Uzbekistan Airways W16 Paris service changes". Routesonline. Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  44. ^ a b c Liu, Jim (15 June 2016). "XL Airways France Adds Cuba Service in W16". routesonline. Retrieved 15 June 2016. 
  45. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/269136/xl-airways-france-adds-st-maarten-service-in-w16/
  46. ^ "XL Airways France adds seasonal Israel service in S17". routesonline. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  47. ^ "Prix par trajet". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  48. ^ "CDG Express". Cdgexpress.equipement.gouv.fr. Retrieved 28 January 2011. 
  49. ^ "RER B Nord Plus". Modernisation-rerb.com. Retrieved 28 January 2011. 
  50. ^ "Le Bus Direct is a direct shuttle service between Paris and CDG and Orly airports". lebusdirect.com. Retrieved 21 July 2016. 
  51. ^ Harro Ranter (6 January 1993). "ASN Aircraft accident de Havilland Canada DHC-8-311 D-BEAT Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport (CDG)". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  52. ^ a b "Organised Baggage Theft at Paris Airport". French Property. 1 October 2007. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  53. ^ "Baggage-handlers at Paris airport arrested for 450m euro thefts". RFI. 1 October 2008. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  54. ^ "20 Paris airport baggage handlers arrested". Expacitca. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  55. ^ "Baggage handlers detained over thefts at Paris airport". NDTV. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
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  57. ^ "Database - Eurostat". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  58. ^ "Database - Eurostat". Retrieved 27 November 2015. 

External links[edit]

General
Collapse of Terminal 2E