Charles le Moyne de Longueuil et de Châteauguay

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Charles le Moyne de Longueuil et de Châteauguay
Charles Le Moyne Monument Maisonneuve.jpg
A statue of Charles le Moyne forms part of Maisonneuve Monument
Born (1626-08-02)August 2, 1626
Died February 1, 1685(1685-02-01) (aged 58)
Spouse(s) Catherine Primot
Children 2 daughters and 12 sons
Parent(s) Pierre Le Moyne
Judith Du Chesne
Charles le Moyne Signature.svg

Charles le Moyne de Longueuil et de Châteauguay (August 2, 1626 – February 1685),[1] as many people of his time, had a variety of occupations. Born in Dieppe, France[1] in Normandy, he came to New France (later Canada) in 1641.[1] He became lord of Longueuil in Canada.


His first four years were spent in Huron country with the Jesuits where he learned Indigenous languages. By 1645 he was posted to the Trois-Rivières garrison as an interpreter, a clerk, and a soldier. In 1646 he moved to Fort Ville-Marie (at present-day Montreal) where he spent the remainder of his career and his life. On 28 May 1654 he married Catherine Primot and thereby establishing himself in a family associated with the fur business.

Le Moyne's career was highlighted by various Indigenous skirmishes, the most noteworthy of which may have been an ill-fated expedition to Iroquois country in 1666, ordered by Daniel de Rémy de Courcelle.

During his career, he received awards and honors involving money and land grants. He had two seigneurial titles conferred on him along with additional lands; in 1672 Governor Louis de Buade de Frontenac and Intendant of New France, Jean Talon confirmed the seigneury title of Longueuil. The following year Frontenac granted him a seigneury at Châteauguay. His eldest son, Charles, was given the Longueuil fief in 1684.

He had two daughters and twelve sons,[1] almost all of them achieved some level of fame; the most famous ones being Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, [2] founder of Louisiana with Biloxi[2] (Mississippi) and Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, co-founder of Mobile[2] and later founder of New Orleans.[1]

The other sons of Charles Le Moyne, included:[1]

Charles Lemoyne was also a slaveowner. Under his property, Lemoyne owned 10 enslaved people. Meanwhile, his brother owned 23. Together, they were the largest slaveowners in Canadian history.[4]

Charles Le Moyne (senior) died at Ville-Marie, c. 1685.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Charles Le Moyne" (biography), Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907, webpage: CathEnc-9148b: gives dates (1 August 1626; d. at Ville-Marie, 1683) and mentions names/actions of several sons.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur d'Iberville" (biography), Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907, webpage: CathEnc-7614b: gives dates (16 July 1661; d. at Havana, 9 July 1706) and mentions surnames of 6 brothers.
  3. ^
  4. ^ Canada's Forgotten Slave: Two Hundred Years of Bondage by Marcel Trudel

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