Charles van Straubenzee

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Sir Charles van Straubenzee
Felice Beato (British, born Italy - (Portrait of Brigadier General Sir Charles Van Straubenzee) - Google Art Project.jpg
Van Straubenzee as brigadier-general in 1860
Born 17 February 1812
Fort Ricasoli, Malta
Died 10 August 1892
Bath, Somerset, England
Buried Smallcombe Cemetery
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1828–1881
Rank General
Commands held 3rd Bn the Buffs
1st Brigade of the Light Division
Commander of British Troops in China and Hong Kong
Bombay Army
Malta
Wars Gwalior Campaign
Crimean War
Second Opium War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

General Sir Charles Thomas van Straubenzee, GCB (17 February 1812 – 10 August 1892), was a British Army officer. He served as Commander of British Troops in China and Hong Kong, and Governor of Malta.

Military career[edit]

Major-General Van Straubenzee, 1861

Van Straubenzee was born at Fort Ricasoli, Malta, in 1812[1] as the second son of Major Thomas Van Straubenzee (1782–1843), R.A., of Spennithorne, Yorkshire, and his wife Maria, youngest daughter of Major Henry Bowen.

A member of an old and distinguished military family, van Straubenzee was commissioned into the Ceylon Rifles in 1828.[2] He transferred to the 39th Regiment of Foot in 1833 and, during the Gwalior Campaign, he took part in the Battle of Maharajpore in 1843: he took temporary command of his Regiment when the Commanding Officer was wounded and brought the Regiment out of action.[2]

In 1846 he transferred to 3rd battalion the Buffs of which he became Commanding Officer in 1851[2] and fought in the Crimean War commanding the 1st Brigade of the Light Division and taking part in both assaults on the Redan during the Siege of Sevastopol.[2] In 1857 he became Commander of British Troops in China and Hong Kong and led an attack on Canton during the Second Opium War.[2] In 1862 he was made General Officer Commanding a Division of the Bombay Army at Ahmedabad and subsequent took overall command of the Bombay Army.[2]

He was Colonel of the 47th (Lancashire) Regiment of Foot from 1865 to 1867 and of the 39th (Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot from 1867[3] until they became part of the Dorset Regiment in 1881, after which he continued as Colonel of the 2nd Battalion until 1892.[4] He became Governor of Malta in 1872.[2]

He is buried at Bathwick cemetery near Bath.[2]

Family[edit]

He married Charlotte Louisa Richardson in 1841, daughter of General John Luther Richardson.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cassar, Michael (31 January 2016). "Grand Harbour: from a naval, commercial to a leisure port". Times of Malta. Archived from the original on 26 May 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Vetch, R. H.. "Straubenzee, Sir Charles Thomas Van (1812–1892), rev. Roger T. Stearn". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004 ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28110. Accessed 25 August 2016.
  3. ^ "39th (Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "47th (the Lancashire) Regiment of Foot". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 14 July 2016. 
  5. ^ Conqueror List
Military offices
Preceded by
Thomas Ashburnham
Commander of British Troops in China and Hong Kong
1858–1859
Succeeded by
Sir James Grant
Preceded by
Richard Lluellyn
Colonel of the 39th (Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot
1867–1881
Succeeded by
Dorset Regiment
Preceded by
James Shaw Kennedy
Colonel of the 47th (Lancashire) Regiment of Foot
1865–1867
Succeeded by
John Patton
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Patrick Grant
Governor of Malta
1872–1878
Succeeded by
Sir Arthur Borton