Charleston, Oregon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Charleston, Oregon
Unincorporated community
An evening view of the National Estuarine Research Reserve slough
An evening view of the National Estuarine Research Reserve slough
Charleston is located in Oregon
Charleston
Charleston
Charleston is located in the US
Charleston
Charleston
Location within the state of Oregon
Coordinates: 43°20′24″N 124°19′48″W / 43.34000°N 124.33000°W / 43.34000; -124.33000Coordinates: 43°20′24″N 124°19′48″W / 43.34000°N 124.33000°W / 43.34000; -124.33000
Country United States
State Oregon
County Coos
Elevation[1] 102 ft (31 m)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 97420
GNIS feature ID 1136140

Charleston (Coos language: Milukwich [2]) is an unincorporated community in Coos County, Oregon, United States. Home to a large commercial fishing fleet, it is adjacent to the ocean entrance to Coos Bay.[3] Charleston is the site of the Oregon Institute of Marine Biology[4] and the United States Coast Guard Charleston Lifeboat Station.[5]

Charleston was named for Charles Haskell, a settler who filed a land claim along South Slough in 1853.[6] South Slough is an arm of Coos Bay, which it enters near the bay's mouth on the Pacific Ocean.[7] Oregon Route 540, which crosses the slough southwest of Barview, passes through Charleston and links it to three state parks further south along the coast: Sunset Bay, Shore Acres, and Cape Arago.[7]

Postal authorities established a post office in Charleston in 1924.[6] The community's ZIP code is 97420.[8]

Estuarine Research Reserve[edit]

The South Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve, a 4,770-acre (1,930 ha) reserve along the Coos Bay Estuary, was established in Charleston in 1974.[9] It was the first of 28 such reserves in the United States and the only one in Oregon.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Charleston". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved May 5, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Hanis for Beginners" (PDF). Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians. 2001. Retrieved April 6, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Sector North Bend Units: Station Coos Bay". United States Coast Guard. December 21, 2016. Retrieved December 29, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Oregon Institute of Marine Biology". University of Oregon. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Historic Life-Saving Stations to Visit in Oregon". National Park Service. March 21, 2016. Retrieved December 29, 2016. 
  6. ^ a b McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 190. ISBN 978-0875952772. 
  7. ^ a b Oregon Atlas and Gazetteer (Map) (7th ed.). Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme Mapping. 2008. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-89933-347-2. 
  8. ^ "Charleston, Oregon". United States Post Office. Retrieved December 28, 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Department of State Lands: Agency Subdivisions". Oregon Blue Book. Oregon Secretary of State. Retrieved December 29, 2016.