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Buchan on a cigarette card issued in 1911
|Full name||Charles Murray Buchan|
|Date of birth||22 September 1891|
|Place of birth||Plumstead, London, England|
|Date of death||25 June 1960(aged 68)|
|Place of death||Monte Carlo, Monaco|
|Playing position||Centre forward|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Buchan's playing career started with Woolwich Arsenal before he moved to Leyton. He then went on to join up with Sunderland. With the Black Cats he was the leading scorer for seven of his nine seasons there and remains the club's all-time record League goalscorer. He also won the First Division title in 1913 and got to the 1913 FA Cup Final with Sunderland. During this time Buchan served with the Sherwood Foresters after the outbreak of the First World War, being awarded the Military Medal.
He re-joined Woolwich Arsenal now known as Arsenal in 1925 and helped see the club to their first FA Cup final in 1927. Buchan was responsible, along with Herbert Chapman for Arsenal's adoption of the WM formation which eventually brought significant success in the 1930s for the club. He was as well capped six times by the England national football team, scoring four goals.
After retiring from football Buchan became a football journalist with the Daily News which was later renamed the News Chronicle. He also wrote one of the first coaching manuals and commentated for the BBC. In 1947, he co-founded the Football Writers' Association. From September 1951 he edited his own football magazine entitled Charles Buchan's Football Monthly, which was published for another 23 years altogether.
Born in Plumstead, London to parents from Aberdeen, Buchan first played as an amateur for local club Woolwich Arsenal, joining the club in December 1909. However, having impressed in reserve games, he fell out with manager George Morrell over his expenses, and declined to sign to a professional contract. Buchan moved to Northfleet United as an amateur for the remainder of the 1909–10 season. Winning Kent Senior Cup, Kent League and Thames and Medway Combination medals. In the close season he signed for Southern League Leyton; whilst playing for them he was spotted and signed by Sunderland in March 1911.
Sunderland and wartime
A tall, elegant centre forward, Buchan was highly successful at the Wearside club. With him in tow Sunderland won the 1912–13 First Division title, and narrowly missed out on the Double, losing the FA Cup final 1–0 to Aston Villa. Frequently described as the best footballer in the country, Buchan was Sunderland's leading scorer for seven of the eight seasons from 1912–13 to 1923–24. This tally excludes the World War I seasons, when full competitive football was suspended. He is Sunderland's all-time record League goalscorer, with 209 goals. Buchan was also capped by England, his debut coming against Ireland on 15 February 1913. His appearances were limited by the lack of internationals due to war; he only earned six full caps, scoring four goals.
During the First World War, Buchan served with the Grenadier Guards and then the Sherwood Foresters. He was awarded the Military Medal and on 11 September 1918 was promoted to temporary second lieutenant for the final months of the war.
In 1925, when nearly 34, Buchan and Sunderland parted company. His place in the team went to a player who hit at least 35 league goals in each of his four full seasons at Roker Park, Dave Halliday, the most prolific goals to games goal scorer in the club's history. While at Sunderland he also played cricket for Durham in the 1920 Minor Counties Championship.
Buchan was re-signed by Arsenal as the club were now called. Sunderland manager Bob Kyle initially demanded a £4,000 fee, but Arsenal manager Herbert Chapman bargained him down to £2,000 plus £100 per goal scored by Buchan during his first season. Buchan made his debut in a North London derby against Tottenham Hotspur on 29 August 1925. He ultimately scored twenty-one, thus forcing Arsenal to pay £100 more than Kyle's original demand.
Just as important as his goals was his contribution to Arsenal's tactics; it was Buchan who came up, along with Chapman, of rejigging Arsenal's formation to the "WM", to fully exploit the relaxation of the offside law. Buchan's idea was to move the centre half from a roaming position in midfield to a "stopper" position in defence, with one forward brought back into midfield. This meant the offside trap was no longer the responsibility of the two full-backs, but the single central defender, while the full backs were pushed wider to cover the wings. Eventually the change in tactic would bring Arsenal great success in the 1930s.
Buchan was a regular at Arsenal, despite his age, for three seasons. He captained Arsenal to their first-ever Cup final in 1927, but again was on the losing side, as Cardiff City beat the Gunners 1–0, thanks to a freak mistake by Arsenal 'keeper Dan Lewis. Buchan finally retired at the end of 1927–28, having scored 16 league goals that season despite being 36 years of age. In all he scored 56 goals in 120 matches for Arsenal; his count of 257 goals in the League, which would have been more had the First World War not intervened, makes him the Football League's sixth-top goalscorer of all time.
After retiring, Buchan became a football journalist with the Daily News which was later renamed as the News Chronicle, wrote one of the first coaching manuals, and also commentated for the BBC. In 1947, he co-founded the Football Writers' Association, and from September 1951 until his death, he edited his own football magazine, Charles Buchan's Football Monthly. Although its popularity fell after Buchan's death, the magazine continued to circulate until June 1974, 14 years later.
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