Charlie Byrd performing with his trio in July 1997.
|Birth name||Charlie Lee Byrd|
September 16, 1925|
Suffolk, Virginia, US
|Died||December 2, 1999
Annapolis, Maryland, US
|Genres||Bossa nova, Latin jazz, Swing|
|Associated acts||Stan Getz
Charlie Lee Byrd (September 16, 1925 – December 2, 1999) was an American guitarist. His earliest and strongest musical influence was Django Reinhardt, the gypsy guitarist. Byrd was best known for his association with Brazilian music, especially bossa nova. In 1962, Byrd collaborated with Stan Getz on the album Jazz Samba, a recording which brought bossa nova into the mainstream of North American music.
Byrd played fingerstyle on a classical guitar.
Charlie Byrd was born in Suffolk, Virginia, in 1925 and grew up in the town of Chuckatuck, Virginia. His father, a mandolinist and guitarist, taught him how to play the acoustic steel guitar at age 10. Byrd had three brothers, Oscar, Jack, and Joe, who was a bass player. In 1942 Byrd entered the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and played in the school orchestra. In 1943 he was drafted into the United States Army for World War II, saw combat, then was stationed in Paris in 1945 where he played in an Army Special Services band and toured occupied Europe in the all-soldier production G.I. Carmen.
After the war, Byrd returned to the United States and went to New York, where he studied composition and jazz theory at the Harnett National Music School in Manhattan, New York. During this time he began playing a classical guitar. After moving to Washington, D.C. in 1950, he studied classical guitar with Sophocles Papas for several years. In 1954 he became a pupil of the Spanish classical guitarist Andrés Segovia and spent time studying in Italy with Segovia.
In 1957 Byrd met double bassist Keter Betts in a Washington, D.C., club called the Vineyard. The two began doing gigs together, and by October they were frequently performing at a club called the Showboat. In 1959 the pair joined Woody Herman's band and toured Europe for 3 weeks as part of a State Department-sponsored "goodwill" tour. The other members of the band were Vince Guaraldi, Bill Harris, Nat Adderley and drummer Jimmy Campbell. Byrd also led his own groups that sometimes featured his brother Joe. Byrd was also active as a teacher in the late 1950s; he trained several guitar students at his home in D.C., each being required to 'audition' for him, before he decided if they had potential enough to warrant his input.
Byrd was first introduced to Brazilian music by his friend, radio host Felix Grant, who had established contacts in Brazil in the late 1950s, and who was well-known there by 1960, due to the efforts of Brazilian radio broadcaster Paulo Santos. Following a spring 1961 diplomatic tour of South America (including Brazil) for the State Department, Byrd returned home and met with Stan Getz at the Showboat Lounge. Byrd invited Getz back to his home to listen to some bossa nova recordings by João Gilberto and Antonio Carlos Jobim which he had brought back. Getz liked what he heard and the two decided that they wanted to make a record album of the songs. The task of creating an authentic sound, however, proved much more challenging than either had anticipated.
Getz convinced Creed Taylor at Verve Records to produce the album, and Byrd and he assembled a group of musicians they both knew to create the recordings. These early sessions did not turn out to either man's liking, so Byrd gathered a group of musicians that had been to Brazil with him previously and practiced with them in Washington, D.C. until he felt they were ready to record. The group included his brother Gene Byrd, as well as Keter Betts, Bill Reichenbach and Buddy Deppenschmidt. Bill and Buddy were both drummers, and the combination made it easier to achieve authentic samba rhythms. Finally the group was deemed ready and Getz and Taylor arrived in Washington D.C. on February 13, 1962. They recorded in a building adjacent to All Souls Unitarian Church because of the building's excellent acoustics.
The recordings were released in April 1962 as the album Jazz Samba, and by September the recording had entered Billboard's pop album chart. By March of the following year the album had moved all the way to number one, igniting a bossa nova craze in the American jazz community as a result. It should be noted that the term bossa nova did not become used in reference to the music until later. The album remained on the charts for seventy weeks, and Getz soon beat John Coltrane in a Down Beat poll. One of the album's most popular tunes was a Jobim hit, titled "Desafinado".
In 1963, Byrd did a European tour with Les McCann and Zoot Sims, among others. Either in 1964 or 1965, Byrd appeared at the Newport Jazz Festival with Episcopal priest Malcolm Boyd, accompanying prayers from his book Are You Running With Me Jesus? with guitar. In 1967 Byrd brought a lawsuit against Stan Getz and MGM, contending that he was unfairly paid for his contributions to the 1962 album Jazz Samba. The jury agreed with Byrd and awarded him half of all royalties from the album.
His earliest trios included bassist Keter Betts and drummers Buddy Deppinschmidt and Bertel Knox. In the early 1960s Betts joined Ella Fitzgerald and Byrd's brother Gene H. (Joe) Byrd became bassist for the group. Joe Byrd played with his brother until Charlie Byrd's death in 1999 of cancer. Byrd's trios also included drummers Billy Reichenbach for over ten years, Wayne Phillips for several years and for the last 19 years Chuck Redd.
In 1967, or more likely 1968, his quartet was on a state department tour in Asia, which included Kathmandu, Nepal. Upon invitation by the pastor, that stop included him playing both Bach and a spiritual at the worship service of the (International) Protestant Congregation on Sunday morning.
In 1973 Byrd moved to Annapolis, Maryland, and in September of that year he recorded an interesting album with Cal Tjader titled Tambú, the only recording the two would make together. That same year Byrd joined guitarists Herb Ellis and Barney Kessel and formed the Great Guitars group, which also included drummer Johnny Rae. Byrd collaborated with Venezuelan pianist and composer Maestro Aldemaro Romero on the album Onda Nueva/The New Wave.
From 1980 through 1996, he released several of his arrangements to the jazz and classical guitar community through Guitarist's Forum (gfmusic.com) including Charlie Byrd's Christmas Guitar Solos, Mozart: Seven Waltzes For Classical Guitar, and The Charlie Byrd Library featuring the music of George Gershwin and Irving Berlin. He also collaborated with the Annapolis Brass Quintet in the late 1980s, appearing with them in over 50 concerts across the United States and releasing two albums.
A jazz supper club in Georgetown, DC also bore his name, "Charlie's". When he died, he was "at home" in the King of France Tavern of the Maryland Inn, Annapolis.
Byrd played for several years at a jazz club in Silver Spring, Maryland, called The Showboat II which was owned and managed by his manager, Peter Lambros. He was also home-based at the King of France Tavern nightclub at the Maryland Inn in Annapolis from 1973 until his death in 1999. In 1992 the book "Jazz Cooks"—by Bob Young and Al Stankus—was published by Stewart, Tabori & Chang, a compilation of recipes that include a few recipes from Byrd. He also authored the 1973 publication Charlie Byrd's Melodic Method for Guitar.
Byrd was married to Rebecca Byrd, and has two daughters from previous marriages, Carol Rose of Charlotte, NC, and Charlotte Byrd of Crownsville, MD. He loved sailboating, and owned a twenty-six-foot boat called "I'm Hip" that he sailed to various parts of the world.
- 1999 – Knighted by the government of Brazil as a Knight of the Rio Branco
- 1997 – deemed a "Maryland Art Treasure" by the Community Arts Alliance of Maryland
|First Flight||1957||Compilation from 'Jazz Recital' (tracks 1–10) and 'Blues For Night People' (tracks 11–17)|
|Jazz Recital||1957||February 4, 1957|
|Blues for Night People||1957||August 4, 1957; Same as 'Midnight Guitar' with slight difference in the 1st track|
|Midnight Guitar||1957||Same as 'Blues for Night People' with slight difference in the 1st track|
|Byrd's Word!||1958||Offbeat / Riverside Records|
|Byrd in the Wind||1959||Offbeat / Riverside|
|Mr. Guitar||1959||Offbeat / Riverside|
|The Guitar Artistry of Charlie Byrd||1960||Offbeat / Riverside|
|Charlie Byrd at the Village Vanguard||1961||Offbeat / Riverside|
|Blues Sonata||1961||Offbeat / Riverside|
|Jazz Samba||1962||Verve – with Stan Getz|
|Bossa Nova Pelos Passaros||1962||Riverside|
|Once More! Charlie Byrd's Bossa Nova||1963||Riverside|
|Guitar/Guitar||1963||Columbia – with Herb Ellis|
|Byrd at the Gate||1963||Riverside|
|The Touch of Gold||1965||Columbia|
|Byrdland||1966||Columbia CS 9392/CL 2592|
|The Byrd & The Herd – Charlie Byrd & Woody Herman||1966||Pickwick|
|More Brazilian Byrd||1967||Columbia|
|Christmas Carols for Solo Guitar||1967||Columbia|
|Charlie Byrd Guitar Artistry||1967||Riverside|
|Charlie Byrd Sketches of Brazil – Music of Villa-Lobos||1967||Columbia|
|The Great Byrd||1969||Columbia|
|Charlie Byrd Plays the Greatest Hits of the 60's||1969||Columbia CS 9970|
|For All We Know||1971||–|
|The Stroke of Genius||1971|
|The World of Charlie Byrd||1973||double album|
|The New Wave (La Onda Nueva)||1974||In collaboration with Venezuelan Aldemaro Romero. Label: Columbia Records|
|Byrd by the Sea||1974||live|
|Great Guitars||1975||live w/ Barney Kessel & Herb Ellis|
|Great Guitars 2||1976||live w/ Barney Kessel & Herb Ellis|
|Charlie Byrd Swings Downtown||1976||live|
|Charlie Byrd||1977||Direct to Disc Recording|
|Charlie Byrd in Greenwich Village||1978||Milestone Records|
|Sugarloaf Suite||1980||recorded live at the Concord Jazz Festival, Concord CA, in August 1979|
|Great Guitars at the Winery||1980||–|
|Brazilian Soul||1981–1983||with Laurindo Almeida|
|Latin Odyssey||1981–1983||with Laurindo Almeida|
|Charlie Byrd Christmas Album||1982||–|
|Isn't It Romantic||1984||–|
|Byrd and Brass||1986||w/Annapolis Brass Quintet|
|It's a Wonderful World||1988||–|
|Christmas With Byrd and Brass||1989||w/Annapolis Brass Quintet|
|Great Guitars: Straight Tracks||1991||w/ Herb Ellis & Barney Kessel|
|Tambu||1974||with Cal Tjader on the Fantasy Label|
|Rise and Shine||1992||–|
|The Washington Guitar Quintet||1992||–|
|Music to Dine By||1993||–|
|I've Got the World on a String||1994||–|
|Moments Like This||1994||–|
|Jazz & Samba||1995||–|
|Du Hot Club De Concord||1995||–|
|Live at Music Room||1996||live|
|Return of the Great Guitars||1996||live w/ Herb Ellis & Mundell Lowe|
|Latin Byrd||1996||Milestone Records, compilation album|
|My Inspiration: Music of Brazil||1999||–|
|Charlie Byrd||2000||Label: Delta|
|Byrd in the Wind||2002||Riverside|
|Charlie Byrd Plays Jobim||2002||–|
|Bamba Samba Bossa Nova||2005||–|
|Byrd at the Gate: Charlie Byrd Trio at the Village Gate||2005||Extended CD Release, live|
|Everybody's Doin' the Bossa Nova||2005||–|
|Great Guitars Concord Jazz||2005||label: Concord Jazz, live|
|Lodovico Roncalli Suites||2005||–|
|Music of the Brazilian Masters||2005||with Laurindo Almeida and Carlos Barbosa-Lima|
|World of Charlie Byrd||2005||–|
- Goin' to Kansas City (Riverside, 1960)
With Helen Merrill
- The Artistry of Helen Merrill (Mainstream, 1965)
With Joe Glazer
- Garbage and Other Songs of Our Times (Collector Records, 971)
- Hurwitz, Tobias. "Fly Away Home". Retrieved 2007-06-07.
- Salon.com. "Jazz guitarist Charlie Byrd dies at 74". Retrieved 2007-06-07.
- norfolk.gov. "Charlie Byrd:Legends of Music". Retrieved 2007-06-07.
- Price, Suzi. "Legendary Bassist, Keter Betts". Retrieved 2007-06-07.
- Gelly, Dave (2004). Stan Getz: Nobody Else But Me (A Musical Biography). Backbeat Books. p. 120. ISBN 0-87930-729-3.
- Roberts, John Storm (1999). The Latin Tinge: The Impact of Latin American Music on the United States. Oxford University Press. p. 171. ISBN 0-19-512101-5.
- Offbeat Records catalog accessed October 31, 2012
- Doerschuk, Robert L. (2001). 88: The Giants of Jazz Piano. Backbeat Books. p. 133. ISBN 0-87930-656-4.
- Boyd, Malcolm (2001). Simple Grace: A Mentor's Guide to Growing Older. Westminster John Knox Press. p. 104. ISBN 0-664-22373-7.
- Holley, Joe. "James Goding; Lawyer in Royalties Case". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-06-07.
- Yanow, Scott (2000). Afro-Cuban Jazz. Backbeat Books. p. 144. ISBN 0-87930-619-X.
- Sallis, James (1996). The Guitar in Jazz: An Anthology. University of Nebraska Press. p. 114. ISBN 0-8032-4250-6.
- Fabricant, Florence (July 8, 1992). "Jazz Makers Swing From Ham Hocks To Health Food". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-06-06.
- "Jazz legend Byrd dies". BBC News. December 3, 1999. Retrieved 2007-06-07.