Charlie Hebdo shooting

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Charlie Hebdo shooting
Charlie-Hebdo-2015-11.JPG
Journalists, policemen and first responders in the street of the shooting a few hours after the attack.
Location11th arrondissement of Paris, France[1]
Coordinates48°51′33″N 2°22′13″E / 48.859246°N 2.370258°E / 48.859246; 2.370258
Date7 January 2015
11:00 CET (UTC+01:00)
TargetCharlie Hebdo employees
Attack type
Spree shooting
Weapons[2]
Deaths12
Non-fatal injuries
10
PerpetratorThree gunmen, one driver

On 7 January 2015, at approximately 11:00 CET (10:00 UTC), three masked men stormed the headquarters of the French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo in Paris. Early reports suggest that 12 people were killed and 10 injured.[3][4] The gunmen entered the building and began shooting with automatic weapons—reports indicate up to 50 shots being fired.[5] The incident is France's deadliest attack since 1989 and the second worst attack in peacetime overall, behind the aforementioned incident.[5][6][7]

Background

Charlie Hebdo (French pronunciation: ​[ʃaʁli ɛbdo]; French for Charlie Weekly) is a French satirical weekly newspaper, featuring cartoons, reports, polemics and jokes. Irreverent and stridently non-conformist in tone, the publication is strongly antireligious[8] and left-wing, publishing articles on the extreme right, Catholicism, Islam, Judaism, politics, and culture, among other issues.

It first appeared from 1969 to 1981; it folded, but was resurrected in 1992. Stéphane "Charb" Charbonnier had been the editor since 2012 until his death in this shooting.

The publication has been controversial in the past. The cover of a 2011 issue, dubbed "Charia Hebdo", depicted a cartoon of the Islamic prophet Muhammed,[9] prompting the newspaper's office in the 20th arrondissement to be fire-bombed[10] and its website hacked. The following year, the newspaper published a series of satirical cartoons of Muhammad, including nude caricatures;[11][12] this came days after a series of attacks on U.S. embassies in the Middle East, purportedly in response to the anti-Islamic film Innocence of Muslims, prompting the French government to close embassies, consulates, cultural centers, and international schools in about 20 Muslim countries.[13] Riot police surrounded the newspaper's offices to protect against possible attacks.[12][14][15]

Event

On 7 January 2015, three gunmen opened fire at the Paris office of Charlie Hebdo, killing at least 12 and seriously wounding at least 5.[3] Two of the dead were police officers.[16] The gunmen, who were armed with AK type rifles and shotguns, are reported to have shouted "we have avenged the Prophet Muhammad" as they attacked.[17][18] Some witnesses reported that the gunmen identified themselves as belonging to al-Qaeda in Yemen.[19]

The gunmen escaped in a getaway car driven by a fourth man and drove to Porte de Pantin where they hijacked another car, forcing the driver out and are still at large.[3]

Victims

Twelve victims were killed in the attack; ten inside the headquarters of Charlie Hebdo, and two police officers were killed outside.[3]

The cartoonists Cabu, fr [Charb], fr [Tignous], and Georges Wolinski were all killed in the attack, as well as the economist Bernard Maris.[20][21]

Reaction

The attack has been condemned by political leaders including the French Government, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, British Prime Minister David Cameron, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte,[22] Russian President Vladimir Putin,[23] Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi,[24] US President Barack Obama and the spokesman for the White House.[5]

References

  1. ^ Andrew Marszal (7 January 2015). "Charlie Hebdo shooting: 'several terror attacks' foiled in recent weeks, says Francois Hollande". The Telegraph.
  2. ^ "En DIRECT Attaque à Charlie Hebdo : "C'est un attentat terroriste", dit François Hollande". lesechos.fr (in French). 7 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d Willsher, Kim (7 January 2015). "Satirical French magazine Charlie Hebdo attacked by gunmen". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 January 2015. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "guardian" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  4. ^ "Gun attack on French magazine Charlie Hebdo kills 11". BBC News. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  5. ^ a b c "Charlie Hebdo attack – latest". BBC News. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  6. ^ "12 dead in Paris newspaper attack: prosecutors". MSN News. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  7. ^ "Paris on Terrorism Alert After 11 Killed in Magazine Attack". Bloomberg. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  8. ^ Charb. "Non, "Charlie Hebdo" n'est pas raciste !". Le Monde. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
  9. ^ "BBC News: Attack on French satirical paper Charlie Hebdo (November 2, 2011)". Bbc.co.uk. 2 November 2011. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
  10. ^ Boxel, James (2 November 2011). "Firebomb attack on satirical French magazine". Financial Times. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
  11. ^ "Charlie Hebdo publie des caricatures de Mahomet". BMFTV (in French) Retrieved 19 September 2012.
  12. ^ a b Vinocur, Nicholas (19 September 2012). "Magazine's nude Mohammad cartoons prompt France to shut embassies, schools in 20 countries". Reuters. The National Post. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
  13. ^ Samuel, Henry (19 September 2012). "France to close schools and embassies fearing Mohammed cartoon reaction". The Telegraph. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  14. ^ Khazan, Olga (19 September 2012). "Charlie Hebdo cartoons spark debate over free speech and Islamophobia". The Washington Post. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
  15. ^ Keller, Greg; Hinnant, Lori (19 September 2012). "Charlie Charlie Hebdo Mohammed Cartoons: France Ups Embassy Security After Prophet Cartoons". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 19 September 2012.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ "Terrorists shoot officer in Paris during terrorist attack at Charlie Hebdo". LiveLeak. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  17. ^ "Deadly attack on office of French magazine Charlie Hebdo". BBC News. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  18. ^ «Des mares de sang» devant Charlie Hebdo. (No rocket laucher.)
  19. ^ "Terrorists shouted they were from Al Qaeda in the Yemen before Charlie Hebdo attack". The Daily Telegraph. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  20. ^ "EN DIRECT. Massacre chez "Charlie Hebdo" : 12 morts, dont Charb et Cabu". Le Point.fr (in French).
  21. ^ "Les dessinateurs Charb et Cabu seraient morts". L'Essentiel (in French). France: L'Essentiel. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  22. ^ "Rutte: laffe terreurdaad in Parijs". NOS website (in Dutch). Nederlandse Omroep Stichting. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  23. ^ "​В Кремле решительно осудили теракт в Париже" (in Russian). RT. 7 January 2015. zero width space character in |title= at position 1 (help)
  24. ^ "Modi Condemns 'Deplorable' Paris Attack". Outlook. Retrieved 7 January 2015.