Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (franchise)

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Charlie and the Chocolate Factory
Official logo for the 2005 film adaptation.
Created byRoald Dahl
Original workCharlie and the Chocolate Factory (1964)
OwnerWarner Bros.
Print publications
Book(s)Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (1964)
Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator (1972)
Films and television
Film(s)
Direct-to-videoTom and Jerry: Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory (2017)
Theatrical presentations
Musical(s)Roald Dahl's Willy Wonka (2004)
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2013)
Games
Video game(s)
Audio
Soundtrack(s)
Original music"Pure Imagination" (1971)
"The Candy Man" (1971)
Miscellaneous
Theme park attraction(s)Charlie and the Chocolate Factory: The Ride (2006-2015)
Candy brandThe Willy Wonka Candy Company (1971-2015; today named Nestlé Candy Shop)
ConfectionsWonka Bar
Everlasting Gobstopper
Unlicensed attractionWilly’s Chocolate Experience

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is a media franchise based on the 1964 novel of the same name by British author Roald Dahl. It includes two books, three live-action theatrical films, three video games and miscellaneous other properties, such as touring musicals and theatrical adaptations, various merchandise and defunct amusement park ride.

Books[edit]

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (1964)[edit]

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is a children's book by British author Roald Dahl. The story features the adventures of young Charlie Bucket inside the chocolate factory of eccentric chocolatier Willy Wonka. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory was first published in the United States by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. in 1964 and in the United Kingdom by George Allen & Unwin in 1967.

Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator (1972)[edit]

Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator is the sequel to Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, continuing the story of Charlie Bucket and Willy Wonka as they travel in the Great Glass Elevator. Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator was first published in the United States by Alfred A. Knopf in 1972, and in the United Kingdom by George Allen & Unwin in 1973.

Unfinished third book[edit]

A follow-up to the book was planned, called Charlie in the White House. Charlie's family and Mr. Wonka are invited by President Gilligrass to have dinner at the White House, as thanks for rescuing the spacecraft from its attack by the Vermicious Knids. Dahl only wrote the first chapter, which is on display at the Roald Dahl Museum and Story Centre in Great Missenden.[1]

Films[edit]

Film U.S. release date Director Screenwriter(s) Producer(s)
Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory June 30, 1971 (1971-06-30) Mel Stuart Roald Dahl Stan Margulies & David L. Wolper
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory July 15, 2005 (2005-07-15) Tim Burton John August Brad Grey & Richard D. Zanuck
Tom and Jerry: Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory June 27, 2017 (2017-06-27) Spike Brandt Gene Grillo Spike Brandt & Tony Cervone
Wonka December 15, 2023 (2023-12-15) Paul King Paul King & Simon Farnaby Luke Kelly, David Heyman & Alexandra Derbyshire

Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory (1971)[edit]

Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory is a 1971 musical[2] film adaptation of the 1964 novel Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl. It was directed by Mel Stuart, and starred Gene Wilder as Wonka. The film tells the story of Charlie Bucket as he receives a golden ticket and visits Willy Wonka's chocolate factory with four other children from around the world. Filming took place in Munich in 1970, and the film was released on June 30, 1971. It received positive reviews, but it was a box office disappointment despite the fact that it recouped its budget. However, it developed into a cult film due to its repeated television airings and home video sales.[3][4] In 1972, the film received an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Score.

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005)[edit]

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is a 2005 film adaptation of the 1964 book of the same name by Roald Dahl. The film was directed by Tim Burton. The film stars Freddie Highmore as Charlie Bucket and Johnny Depp as Willy Wonka. The storyline concerns Charlie, who takes a tour he has won, led by Wonka, through the most magnificent chocolate factory in the world. Development for another adaptation of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, filmed previously as Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory, began in 1991, 20 years after the first film version, which resulted in Warner Bros. Pictures providing the Dahl Estate with total artistic control. Prior to Burton's involvement, directors such as Gary Ross, Rob Minkoff, Martin Scorsese and Tom Shadyac had been involved, while Warner Bros. either considered or discussed the role of Willy Wonka with Nicolas Cage, Jim Carrey, Michael Keaton, Brad Pitt, Will Smith and Adam Sandler. Burton immediately brought regular collaborators Johnny Depp and Danny Elfman aboard. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory represents the first time since The Nightmare Before Christmas that Elfman contributed to the film score using written songs and his vocals. Filming took place from June to December 2004 at Pinewood Studios in the United Kingdom, where Burton avoided using digital effects as much as possible. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory was released to critical praise and was a box office success, grossing approximately $475 million worldwide.

Tom and Jerry: Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory (2017)[edit]

Tom and Jerry: Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory is a 2017 American animated direct-to-video musical comedy film starring the cat-and-mouse duo Tom and Jerry. Produced by Warner Bros. Animation[5][6] and Turner Entertainment Co., it is the first Tom and Jerry direct-to-video film to be distributed by Warner Bros. Home Entertainment internationally and is also the final Tom and Jerry direct-to-video film to be involved with Warner Bros. Animation's founder Hal Geer, who died on January 26, 2017. The film is an animated remake of the 1971 film Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory (which in turn is based on the 1964 book Charlie and the Chocolate Factory by Roald Dahl) with the addition of Tom and Jerry as characters and seen through their point of view.

The film was released via digital media on June 27, 2017, and released on home media on July 11, 2017. It was panned by critics, who found Tom and Jerry's inclusion in the story to be forced and unnecessary.[7][8]

Wonka (2023)[edit]

A prequel film, focusing on a Young Willy Wonka and his adventures prior to opening the world's most famous chocolate factory, titled Wonka, was released by Warners on December 15, 2023 with Paul King directing and David Heyman producing.[9] On May 24, 2021, it was announced that Timothée Chalamet had been cast to portray Young Willy Wonka in the film.[10]

Television[edit]

Untitled television series (TBA)[edit]

On November 27, 2018, Netflix announced they are developing an "animated series event" based on Roald Dahl's books, which will include a television series based on Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and the novel's sequel Charlie and the Great Glass Elevator.[11][12]

Stage[edit]

Roald Dahl's Willy Wonka (2004)[edit]

Roald Dahl's Willy Wonka is a musical that combines elements of both Roald Dahl's book Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and of the 1971 movie Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory with newly created material.[13] The musical has several versions: the original version which premiered in 2004, the Junior version, the Kids version, and the Theatre for Young Audience version. All are owned by Music Theatre International, the company that owns the Willy Wonka license.

The Golden Ticket (2010)[edit]

The Estate of Roald Dahl sanctioned an operatic adaptation called The Golden Ticket. It was written by composer Peter Ash and British librettist Donald Sturrock. The Golden Ticket has completely original music and was commissioned by the American Lyric Theater, Lawrence Edelson (producing artistic director), and Felicity Dahl. The opera received its world premiere at Opera Theatre of Saint Louis on 13 June 2010, in a co-production with American Lyric Theater and Wexford Festival Opera.[14]

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2013)[edit]

A musical based on the novel, titled Charlie and the Chocolate Factory premiered at the West End's Theatre Royal, Drury Lane in May 2013 and officially opened on 25 June.[15] The show is directed by Sam Mendes, with new songs by Marc Shaiman and Scott Wittman, and stars Douglas Hodge as Willy Wonka.[15] The production broke records for weekly ticket sales.[16] Coincidentally, Hodge was also the voice of a Charlie and the Chocolate Factory audiobook, as part of a package of Roald Dahl CDs read by celebrities.

Video games[edit]

There are three Charlie and the Chocolate Factory video games, one made in 1985, one made in 2005, and another made in 2012.[17][18] The former is based on the book of the same name, the centre is based on the 2005 film adaptation, and the latter is based on the 1971 film adaptation.

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (1985)[edit]

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005)[edit]

Poptropica: Charlie and the Chocolate Factory Island (2012–present)[edit]

Since November 15, 2012, the online role-playing video game Poptropica by Jeff Kinney has featured a "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory Island" as one of the game's "islands", in which the player must problem-solve through game quest scenarios, centering on a problem that the player must resolve by going through multiple obstacles, collecting and using items, talking to various characters, and completing goals, serving as a video game adaptation of the 1971 film Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory.[17][18]

Attractions[edit]

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory: The Ride[edit]

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory: The Ride was a dark ride located in the Cloud Cuckoo Land area of Alton Towers theme park, Staffordshire, England. Opened in 2006, it was based upon the famous Roald Dahl book of the same name, and took its thematic inspiration from the illustrations of Quentin Blake. The ride was split into two segments, the first being a boat ride along the chocolate river inside Willy Wonka's Chocolate Factory. Passengers encountered all the characters from the book either as simple animatronics or CGI projections. After disembarking the boats, the second segment began with a short pre-show video (involving Mike Teevee). The video was presented as if the viewers are actually trapped within the TV set. The ride continued inside one of two 'Great Glass Elevators' which simulated passengers taking an airborne trip through the rest of the factory. Each elevator was a static room with semi-translucent walls and ceiling on which CGI animations were projected from the outside, and only the floor trembles slightly to give the impression of movement.[19] The attraction closed in 2015.

Willy's Chocolate Experience[edit]

An unlicensed attraction, "Willy’s Chocolate Experience", opened on 24th February 2024 in Glasgow, and closed within a day. The event was advertised using highly misleading AI-generated artwork, promising features such as "an enchanted garden, an Imagination Lab, a Twilight Tunnel, and captivating entertainment", though instead contained a low-effort mock-up of a chocolate factory in a mostly empty warehouse.[20] The event spawned many internet memes, and featured factory tours offered by several actors playing Willy Wonka, that involved a story in which Wonka would defeat an "evil chocolate maker who lives in the walls" called "The Unknown". According to actor Paul Connell, who portrayed Willy Wonka in the tours, his script contained "15 pages of AI-generated gibberish".[21] Despite the high entrance fee and promised chocolate theme of the event, guests were only given a single jellybean and a cup of lemonade, and the misleading advertisements led to the police being called to the event shortly prior to it being shut down.[22]

Cast and crew[edit]

Principal cast[edit]

List indicator(s)

This section includes characters who will appear or have appeared in more than two films in the series.

  • An empty, dark grey cell indicates the character was not in the film, or that the character's official presence has not yet been confirmed.
  •  U indicates an uncredited appearance.
  •  V indicates a voice-only role.
  •  Y indicates a younger version of the character.
Character Films Musicals
Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory Charlie and the Chocolate Factory Tom and Jerry:
Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory
Wonka Charlie and the Chocolate Factory
(West End)
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory
(Broadway)
1971 2005 2017 2023 2013–2017 2017–2018
Willy Wonka Gene Wilder Johnny Depp
Blair DunlopY
J. P. Karliak Timothée Chalamet
Colin O'BrienY
Douglas Hodge Christian Borle
Charlie Bucket Peter Ostrum Freddie Highmore Lincoln Melcher Jack Costello
Tom Klenerman
Isaac Rouse
Louis Suc
Jake Ryan Flynn
Ryan Foust
Ryan Sell
Grandpa Joe Jack Albertson David Kelly Jess Harnell Nigel Planer John Rubinstein
Oompa Loompas Rusty Goffe
Rudy Borgstaller
George Claydon
Malcom Dixon
Ismed Hassan
Norma McGlen
Angelo Muscat
Pepe Poupee
Marcus Powell
Albert Wilkinson
Deep Roy Kath Soucie (Tuffy) Hugh Grant (Lofty) Ensemble
Augustus Gloop Michael Böllner Philip Wiegratz Rachel Butera Harrison Slater
Jenson Steele
Regan Stokes
F. Michael Haynie
Veruca Salt Julie Dawn Cole Julia Winter Emily O'Brien Polly Allen
Tia Noakes
Ellie Simons
Emma Pfaeffle
Violet Beauregarde Denise Nickerson AnnaSophia Robb Dallas Lovato India Ria Amarteifio
Adrianna Bertola
Jade Johnson
Mya Olaye
Trista Dollison
Mike Teavee Paris Themmen Jordan Fry Lauren Weisman Jay Heyman
Adam Mitchell
Luca Toomey
Michael Wartella
Grandma Josephine Franziska Liebing Eileen Essell Uncredited voice actress Roni Page Kristy Cates
Grandma Georgina Dora Altmann Liz Smith Myra Sands Madeleine Doherty
Grandpa George Ernst Ziegler David Morris Billy Boyle Paul Slade Smith
Mr. Salt Roy Kinnear James Fox Sean Schemmel Clive Carter Ben Crawford
Mrs. Salt Pat Coombs Francesca Hunt  
Mr. Teavee Michael Goodliffe Adam Godley  
Mrs. Teavee Dodo Denney Francesca Albini Lori Alan Iris Roberts Jackie Hoffman
Mr. Gloop Kurt Großkurth Harry Taylor  
Mrs. Gloop Ursula Reit Franziska Troegner Audrey Wasilewski Jasna Irvir Kathy Fitzgerald
Mrs. Bucket Diana Sowle Helena Bonham Carter Kate Higgins Alex Clatworthy Emily Padgett
Bill / Candy Store Clerk Aubrey Woods Oscar James Jess Harnell  
Sam Beauregarde Leonard Stone     Paul J. Medford Alan H. Green
Mr. Wilkinson
"Arthur Slugworth"
Günter Meisner   Mick Wingert  
Mr. Turkentine David Battley   Sean Schemmel  
Mrs. Beauregarde Harriet RosalindVU Missi Pyle  
Arthur Slugworth   Phil Philmar   Paterson Joseph  
Dr. Wilbur Wonka   Christopher Lee  
Mr. Bucket   Noah Taylor   Jack Shalloo  
Fickelgruber   Tony Kirwood   Mathew Baynton  
Prodnose   Chris Cresswell   Matt Lucas  

Crew[edit]

Role Film
Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory Charlie and the Chocolate Factory Tom and Jerry:
Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory
Wonka
1971 2005 2017 2023
Director(s) Mel Stuart Tim Burton Spike Brandt Paul King
Producer(s) Stan Margulies
David L. Wolper
Brad Grey
Richard D. Zanuck
Spike Brandt
Tony Cervone
Writer(s) Roald Dahl
David SeltzerU
John August Gene Grillo Simon Farnaby
Paul King
Composer(s) Leslie Bricusse
Anthony Newley
Danny Elfman
Neil Hannon
Cinematographer(s) Arthur Ibbetson Philippe Rousselot Chung-hoon Chung
Editor(s) David Saxon Chris Lebenzon Dave Courter
Philip Malamuth
Mark Everson
Distributor(s) Paramount Pictures[nb 1] Warner Bros. Pictures

Reception[edit]

Box office performance[edit]

Film U.S. release date Box office revenue Budget Ref(s)
North America International Worldwide
Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory June 30, 1971 $4,000,000 $58,143 $4,058,143 $3 million [24]
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory July 15, 2005 $206,459,076 $269,366,408 $475,825,484 $150 million [25]
Wonka December 15, 2023 $201,034,847 $371,400,000 $572,434,847 $125 million [26]

Critical and public response[edit]

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore
Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory 91% (54 reviews)[27] 67 (10 reviews)[28]
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory 83% (229 reviews)[29] 72 (40 reviews)[30] A−[31]
Wonka 82% (300 reviews) 72 (40 reviews) A−

Academy Awards[edit]

Award
Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory Charlie and the Chocolate Factory
Original Score Nominated
Costume Design Nominated

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Paramount originally distributed the film in 1971. After the film rights lapsed in 1977, Paramount declined to renew and they defaulted back to the Quaker Oats Company, which sold them to Warner Bros. Pictures.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Charlie in the White House". Archived from the original on 19 December 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  2. ^ Tim Dirks. "Musicals–Dance Films". AMC Filmsite. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
  3. ^ "Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  4. ^ Kara K. Keeling; Scott T. Pollard (15 December 2008). Critical Approaches to Food in Children's Literature. Taylor & Francis. pp. 221–. ISBN 978-0-203-88891-9. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  5. ^ Heritage, Stuart (April 21, 2017). "How to ruin other classic movies by inserting Tom and Jerry". The Guardian. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
  6. ^ "Tom & Jerry continue to decimate cinema with Charlie and the Chocolate Factory movie". Polygon. April 18, 2017.
  7. ^ "Willy Wonka Gets a Tom and Jerry Remake and It Looks Awful". MovieWeb. April 19, 2017.
  8. ^ "WB Will Stick Tom & Jerry Into Anything, Including 'Willy Wonka & The Chocolate Factory'". Cartoon Brew. April 19, 2017.
  9. ^ "Warner Bros. Sets 'Wonka' Prequel for 2023 Release". The Hollywood Reporter. 19 January 2021. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  10. ^ "Timothée Chalamet to Play Young Willy Wonka in Warner Bros. Movie". 24 May 2021.
  11. ^ Rowney, JoAnne (November 27, 2018). "Netflix's new Roald Dahl animated series 'reimagines' Matilda and Willy Wonka". Mirror. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  12. ^ Blistein, Jon (November 27, 2018). "Netflix Plots New Animated 'Willy Wonka' and 'Matilda' Shows". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
  13. ^ Nicole Arthur, "Sweet Imagination," The Washington Post, December 10, 2004
  14. ^ "The Golden Ticket". Archived from the original on 24 June 2010. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  15. ^ a b "Official: CHARLIE AND THE CHOCOLATE FACTORY to Play Theater Royal, Drury Lane; Begins May 18". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  16. ^ "West End Winners". theatrebookings.com. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  17. ^ a b "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory island". Poptropica. Sandbox Networks Inc. November 15, 2012. Archived from the original on April 11, 2021. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
  18. ^ a b Kanjanapangka, Jeremy (March 10, 2023). "How to Play Old Poptropica Islands Games". Touch Tap Play. Retrieved March 10, 2023.
  19. ^ "Alton Towers Theme Park, Staffordshire". The Guardian. 8 July 2006.
  20. ^ "The Willy Wonka Experience in Glasgow, sort of explained!". New Zealand Herald. 1 March 2024.
  21. ^ "Glasgow 'Willy Wonka Experience' Unites The Internet In Laughter". Forbes. 29 February 2024.
  22. ^ "Police were called to this nightmare 'Wonka' experience that left children in tears". Yahoo News. 1 March 2024.
  23. ^ "Producer David L. Wolper and his company..." Los Angeles Times. July 27, 1988. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  24. ^ "Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory (1971)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 5, 2022.
  25. ^ "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 5, 2022.
  26. ^ "Wonka (2023)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 6, 2024.
  27. ^ "Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 5, 2022.
  28. ^ "Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory (1971): Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved March 5, 2022.
  29. ^ "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 5, 2022.
  30. ^ "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005): Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved March 5, 2022.
  31. ^ "CinemaScore". CinemaScore. Archived from the original on April 13, 2022. Retrieved April 16, 2022.