Charlotte (1784 ship)
|Port of registry:||London|
|Fate:||Possibly sunk November 1818; disappears from lists in 1821|
|Tons burthen:||335, or 384 bm|
|Length:||105 ft (32 m)|
|Beam:||28 ft (8.5 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full-rigged ship|
Charlotte was an English merchant ship built in the River Thames in 1784 and chartered in 1786 to carry convicts as part of the First Fleet to New South Wales. She returned to Britain from Botany Bay via China, where she picked up a cargo for the British East India Company. Charlotte then spent most of the rest of her career in the London-Jamaica trade. She may have been lost off Newfoundland in 1818; in any case, she disappears from the lists by 1821.
She was a "heavy sailer," such that she had to be towed down the English Channel in order to keep pace with the rest of the Fleet. Her master was Thomas Gilbert, and her surgeon was John White, principal surgeon to the colony. On 15 May, when Charlotte had been two days at sea it was discovered that her third mate had been left behind at Portsmouth; he was replaced for the remainder of the voyage by a seaman hastily dragooned from the accompanying naval vessel Hyaena.
She left Portsmouth on 13 May 1787, carrying 84 male and 24 female convicts, among them were James Squire, James Bloodsworth, James Underwood, Samuel Lightfoot, William Bryant and Mary Bryant, and arrived at Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia, on 26 January 1788. This voyage was commemorated on the Charlotte Medal, commissioned by White.
Later career and fate
A Charlotte was lost off Newfoundland in November 1818. However, there is no evidence to link the Charlotte that sank while sailing from Quebec to Liverpool with M'Call, master, to the Charlotte of this article. Another source notes that Charlotte continued to be listed in Lloyd's Register until 1821.
- Hackman (2001), p.81.
- "Picture of the Charlotte". First Fleet Fellowship. 1996. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "The Ships of the First Fleet". Fellowship Of First Fleeters. 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- The Voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay (1789)
- Collins 1975, p. lvi
- Samuel Eliot Morison (1944-05-22). "The Gilberts & Marshalls". Life. Retrieved 2009-10-14.
- Collins 1975, p. lvii
- "First Fleet Online". Retrieved 2012-07-03.
- Letter from Newton Fowell, midshipman HMS Sirius, to John Fowell, 12 July 1788. Cited in Irvine (ed.) 1988, p.81
- "The Charlotte". First Fleet Fellowship Victoria Inc. 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- Lloyd's List n° 5352.
- Sydney Ferries Fleet Facts Transport for NSW
- Collins, David (1975). Fletcher, Brian H., ed. An Account of the English Colony in New South Wales. A.H. & A.W. Reed. ISBN 0589071688.
- Hackman, Rowan (2001) Ships of the East India Company. (Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society). ISBN 0-905617-96-7
- Irvine, Nance, ed. (1988). The Sirius Letters: The Complete Letters of Newton Fowell. Daniel O'Keefe. ISBN 1862900000.
- Michaela Ann Cameron (2015). "Charlotte". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 2 October 2015. [CC-By-SA]
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