Charlotte Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Most Honourable
The Marchioness of Hartington
Charlotte Boyle, after George Knapton.jpg
Lady Charlotte Boyle, possibly by George Knapton
Born Charlotte Elizabeth Boyle
(1731-10-27)27 October 1731
Died 8 December 1754(1754-12-08) (aged 23)
Uppingham, Rutland
Burial place Derbyshire, England
Spouse(s) William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington
Children William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire
Dorothy Bentinck, Duchess of Portland
Lord Richard Cavendish
George Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington

Charlotte Elizabeth Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington, 6th Baroness Clifford (née Boyle; 27 October 1731 – 8 December 1754) was the daughter of Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and Lady Dorothy Savile. From 1748 until her death she was married to William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington, later the 4th Duke of Devonshire and Prime Minister of Great Britain.

Family and early life[edit]

Dorothy Savile, Lady Dorothy Boyle (1724–1742), Countess of Euston, and Her Sister Lady Charlotte Boyle (1731–1754), Later Marchioness of Hartington, National Trust, Hardwick Hall. Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation.

Lady Charlotte Elizabeth Boyle was the only surviving daughter of Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and Lady Dorothy Savile. Her mother was the daughter of William Savile, 2nd Marquess of Halifax.[1]


On 28 March 1748, she married William Cavendish, then the Marquess of Hartington, who later became the 4th Duke of Devonshire and the Prime Minister of Great Britain. The advantageous union had been arranged since childhood and was happy. The marriage helped him rise politically. They had four children: William, Dorothy, Richard, and George.[1]

Baroness Clifford[edit]

Charlotte inherited great wealth upon the death of her father in 1754.[1] Lady Clifford gained the title of Baroness Clifford suo jure. Through her marriage, the Cavendish family, with the main title Duke of Devonshire, inherited the 3rd Earl of Burlington's estates (the title went through to the Orrery Boyles).[citation needed] These estates include Burlington House, Piccadilly, London (now the Royal Academy of Arts); Chiswick House, London W4;[1] Londesborough Hall, Yorkshire; Bolton Abbey, Yorkshire; Lismore Castle, County Waterford, Ireland. She was his sole remaining heir.

Lady Clifford died on 8 December 1754 at Uppingham, Rutland[1] from smallpox.


Lady Clifford and Lord Hartington had four children:

Titles from birth to death[edit]

  • The Lady Charlotte Boyle (1731–1748)
  • Marchioness of Hartington (1748–1753)
  • The Rt. Hon. Marchioness of Hartington (1753–1754)


Works cited
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Richard Boyle
Baroness Clifford
Succeeded by
William Cavendish