Charlotte Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Baroness Clifford
Charlotte Boyle, after George Knapton.jpg
Lady Charlotte Boyle, possibly by George Knapton
Personal details
Charlotte Elizabeth Boyle

(1731-10-27)27 October 1731
Died8 December 1754(1754-12-08) (aged 23)
Uppingham, Rutland
Resting placeDerby Cathedral
Spouse(s)William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington
ChildrenWilliam Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire
Dorothy Bentinck, Duchess of Portland
Lord Richard Cavendish
George Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington
ParentsRichard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington
Lady Dorothy Savile

Charlotte Elizabeth Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington, 6th Baroness Clifford (née Boyle; 27 October 1731 – 8 December 1754) was the daughter of Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and Lady Dorothy Savile. From 1748 until her death she was married to William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington, later the 4th Duke of Devonshire and Prime Minister of Great Britain.

Family and early life[edit]

Dorothy Savile, Lady Dorothy Boyle (1724–1742), Countess of Euston, and Her Sister Lady Charlotte Boyle (1731–1754), Later Marchioness of Hartington, National Trust, Hardwick Hall. Supplied by The Public Catalogue Foundation.

Lady Charlotte Elizabeth Boyle was the only surviving daughter of Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and Lady Dorothy Savile. Her mother was the daughter of William Savile, 2nd Marquess of Halifax.[1]

Personal life[edit]

On 28 March 1748, she married William Cavendish, then the Marquess of Hartington, who later became the 4th Duke of Devonshire and the Prime Minister of Great Britain. The advantageous union had been arranged since childhood and was happy. The marriage helped him rise politically. They had four children: William, Dorothy, Richard, and George.[1]

Baroness Clifford[edit]

Charlotte inherited great wealth upon the death of her father in 1754.[1] As the heir of her father, she succeeded to the title of Baroness Clifford suo jure. Through her marriage, the Cavendish family, with the main title of Duke of Devonshire, inherited the 3rd Earl of Burlington's estates (the title went to the Orrery Boyles).[citation needed] These estates included: Burlington House, Piccadilly, London (now the Royal Academy of Arts); Chiswick House, London;[1] Londesborough Hall, Yorkshire; Bolton Abbey, Yorkshire; Lismore Castle, County Waterford, Ireland. Charlotte was her father's sole remaining heir.

The Marchioness of Hartington died on 8 December 1754 at Uppingham, Rutland[1] from smallpox. The next year her husband William succeeded his father as Duke of Devonshire.


Charlotte and her husband William had four children:

Titles from birth to death[edit]

  • The Lady Charlotte Boyle (1731–1748)
  • Marchioness of Hartington (1748–1753)
  • The Rt. Hon. The Baroness Clifford, Marchioness of Hartington (1753–1754)


Works cited
  • Schweizer, Karl Wolfgang (2004). "Cavendish, William, fourth duke of Devonshire (bap. 1720, d. 1764)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/4949.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Richard Boyle
Baroness Clifford
Succeeded by
William Cavendish