Charlotte County, Florida

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Charlotte County, Florida
County
Charlotte County
Punta Gorda, FL, Courthouse, Charlotte County, 04-18-2010 (1).JPG
The Charlotte County Courthouse at Punta Gorda in April 2010.
Seal of Charlotte County, Florida
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Charlotte County
Location in the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded April 23, 1921
Named for Charlotte Harbor
Seat Punta Gorda
Largest community Port Charlotte
Area
 • Total 858 sq mi (2,222 km2)
 • Land 680 sq mi (1,761 km2)
 • Water 178 sq mi (461 km2), 20.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 173,115
 • Density 235/sq mi (91/km²)
Congressional district 17th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.charlottecountyfl.gov

Charlotte County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 159,978.[1] Its county seat is Punta Gorda.[2]

Charlotte County comprises the Punta Gorda, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the North Port-Sarasota, FL Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Charlotte County was established April 23, 1921. It was named for the Bay of Charlotte Harbor. "Charlotte" came from "Carlos" (Spanish), "Charles" (English), or "Calos" (Calusa Indian). In 1565, the Spanish named "Carlos Bay," followed by the English in 1775 who named the area Charlotte Harbor in tribute to the Queen Charlotte Sophia, wife of King George III. Punta Gorda is the only incorporated city in Charlotte County.

On August 13, 2004 Charlotte County was devastated when Hurricane Charley came ashore near Port Charlotte as a Category 4 hurricane.

Historic places[edit]

Historic places in Charlotte County include the Old Charlotte County Courthouse as well as those on the List of Registered Historic Places in Charlotte County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 858 square miles (2,220 km2), of which 680 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 178 square miles (460 km2) (20.7%) is water.[3] Charlotte Harbor Estuary is an important natural preserve and one of the most productive in Florida.[citation needed]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 4,013
1940 3,663 −8.7%
1950 4,286 17.0%
1960 12,594 193.8%
1970 27,559 118.8%
1980 58,460 112.1%
1990 110,975 89.8%
2000 141,627 27.6%
2010 159,978 13.0%
Est. 2016 178,465 [4] 11.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[9] of 2010, there were 159,978 people, 73,370 households, and 44,130 families residing in the county. The population density was 234 people per square mile (79/km²). There were 100,632 housing units at an average density of 115 per square mile (44/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.05% White, 5.68% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.10% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. 5.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 92.3% spoke only English at home. 3.0% of the population spoke Spanish at home and 1.1% French.

There were 73,370 households out of which 17.66% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.56.

In the county, the population was spread out with 14.30% under the age of 18, 5.38% from 18 to 24, 6.99% from 25 to 34, 17.50% from 35 to 64, and 34.12% who are 65 years of age or older (making this the county with the highest percentage of people over 65 in America). The median age is 56.43 years. For every 100 females there were 94.58 males.

The median income for a household (2007-2011) in the county was $45,112; median income for families (2007-2011) was $47,415. Males (2011) had a median income of $27,352 versus $26,861 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,875. About 5.30% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.40% of those under age 18 and 5.60% of those age 65 or over.

According to an October 2001 Census Brief of the 2000 Census, Charlotte County had the highest median age of any U.S. county with a population of more than 100,000 people at 54.3.[10] The median age in 2010 for Charlotte County was 55.9 years, second only to Sumter County in Florida.

Government and politics[edit]

Charlotte County Jail front entrance

The county is governed by a five-person Commission, all of them elected to represent districts within the county for a four-year term. The elections are partisan according to political party affiliation and primaries are held months earlier in the event there are numerous candidates. All registered voters in the county are allowed to vote for a candidate Commissioner in each the five districts, not just the voters living in a particular district.

The five current Commissioners for Charlotte County, Florida and terms of office expirations:

  • Ken Doherty (R), District 1, November 8, 2016
  • Christopher Constance (R), District 2, November 6, 2018
  • Bill Truex (R) District 3, November 3, 2020
  • Stephen R. Deutsch (R) District 4, November 6, 2018
  • Joe Tiseo (R) District 5, November 3, 2020

Charlotte County, as is typical for the southwestern Florida coast, became and remained a solidly Republican county in the years following the Second World War. No Democrat has won the county since Lyndon Johnson did so during his 1964 landslide,[11] with only Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996 not being outvoted by an absolute majority due to the appeal of Ross Perot. Charlotte resisted George Wallace in the 1968 election to still return an absolute Republican majority, unlike several neighbouring counties.

Presidential Election Results[12]
Year Democratic Republican Third parties
2016 61.96% 60,218 34.41% 33,445 3.63% 3,524
2012 56.52% 47,996 42.28% 35,906 1.20% 1,021
2008 52.87% 45,205 45.65% 39,031 1.48% 1,263
2004 55.68% 44,428 42.93% 34,256 1.38% 1,102
2000 52.96% 35,428 44.31% 29,646 2.73% 1,826
1996 44.18% 27,847 43.03% 27,121 12.79% 8,059
1992 39.17% 24,311 36.91% 22,907 23.92% 14,846
1988 63.98% 28,893 35.37% 15,974 0.65% 292
1984 70.85% 27,486 29.14% 11,305 0.01% 2
1980 64.62% 20,486 30.82% 9,769 4.56% 1,445
1976 54.44% 12,703 44.14% 10,300 1.41% 330
1972 76.64% 12,888 23.04% 3,874 0.33% 55
1968 50.58% 6,056 30.46% 3,647 18.96% 2,270
1964 46.29% 4,163 53.71% 4,831 0.00% 0
1960 60.92% 3,026 39.08% 1,941 0.00% 0
1956 63.11% 1,589 36.89% 929 0.00% 0
1952 58.79% 1,134 41.21% 795 0.00% 0
1948 44.09% 559 41.01% 520 14.90% 189
1944 33.86% 404 66.14% 789 0.00% 0
1940 30.90% 407 69.10% 910 0.00% 0
1936 41.20% 548 58.80% 782 0.00% 0
1932 29.33% 396 70.67% 954 0.00% 0
1928 55.73% 593 41.45% 441 2.82% 30
1924 31.21% 167 60.00% 321 8.79% 47

Voter Registration[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Membership
Party Number of Votes Percentage
Republican 57,973 44.36%
Democratic 36,696 45.61%
Other,non-affiliated, etc 36,018 10.03%
Total 130,687 100.0%

[13]

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

The top private employers of Charlotte County are as follows:[14]
1. Bayfront Health Punta Gorda (1739)
2. Publix (1361)
3. Walmart (1300)
4. Bayfront Health Port Charlotte (1000)
5. Fawcett Memorial Hospital (854)
6. Palm Auto Mall (670)
7. Winn-Dixie (664)
8. Home Depot (600)
9. South Port Square (400)
10. McDonald's (385)
11. Humana (373)
12. Englewood Community Hospital (350)
13. Keller Williams Realty (250)
14. Life Care Center of Punta Gorda (240)
15. Charlotte Behavioral Health Care (227)

Education[edit]

Florida SouthWestern State College maintains a campus in the county. Southern Technical College operates a campus in the county. Charlotte County Public Schools administers all public schools from kindergarten through twelfth grade.

Library[edit]

The Charlotte County Library System consists of 4 library branches.[15]

  • Port Charlotte Public Library
  • Punta Gorda Public Library
  • Englewood Charlotte Public Library
  • Mid-County Regional Library

The erection of the first library was in 1963.[16] In 1976, Charlotte County and Glades County joined to make the Charlotte-Glades Library System. One reason the counties paired together was due to the additional $50,000 in state aid to libraries who join together to serve the public. Charlotte County was financially responsible in the relationship. In 2008 the two counties separated and reverted to providing services to residents and visitors of their own communities.[17] The newest addition to the library system was an expansion to the Englewood Branch; the new building created is an additional 6,500 square feet. This provides more space for the youth services department, a new computer lab, and an archives run by the historical department.[18]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

New city[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ [1] Last accessed November 16, 2012.
  11. ^ Sullivan, Robert David; ‘How the Red and Blue Map Evolved Over the Past Century’; America Magazine in The National Catholic Review; June 29, 2016
  12. ^ David Leip’s Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections; 2016 Presidential General Election Data Graphs – Florida by County (and earlier election years)
  13. ^ "Charlotte County Supervisor of Elections > Home". www.charlottevotes.com. Retrieved 2017-03-23. 
  14. ^ http://floridasinnovationcoast.com/site_selection/major_employers CC Employers
  15. ^ http://www2.youseemore.com/charlottecounty/
  16. ^ Charlotte County Government. Charlotte County Weekly Department Highlights. Retrieved From: http://www.charlottecountyfl.gov/dept.admin/Documents/Highlights20131022.pdf[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ Charlotte County Government. Charlotte-Glades Library System Long-Range Plan of Service. Web. Retrieved From: http://www2.charlottefl.com/NovusAgenda/AttachmentViewer.ashx?
  18. ^ Sweet Sparkman Architects. Englewood Charlotte Library. Web. Retrieved From: http://www.sweetsparkman.com/projects/master-planning/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°54′N 81°57′W / 26.90°N 81.95°W / 26.90; -81.95