Charlotte Laws

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Charlotte Laws
Charlottelawsredcarpet62010.jpg
On the Red Carpet at an MTV Awards party in Los Angeles in June 2010
Member of the Greater Valley Glen Council
In office
2004–2012
Succeeded byRachel Friedman
Personal details
Born (1960-05-11) May 11, 1960 (age 62)
Atlanta, Georgia, US
Political partyIndependent
SpouseCharles Parselle
Children1
ResidenceLos Angeles
Websitecharlottelaws.com

Charlotte Anne Laws , (Born May 11, 1960) is an American author, talk show host, animal rights advocate .

activist, former Los Angeles politician, and actMun(cipal Council ier the stage name Missy Laws).[1] Laws is a former BBC News contributor and was a weekly commentator on KNBC-TV's The Filter with Fred Roggin[2] from 2009 to 2013. She also co-hosted the Internet show,' Every Way Woman." (2008 - 2013) [3] Laws also hosted a local television show called "Uncommon Sense" from October 2007 to September 2010.

Laws is a former member of the Greater Valley Glen Council in the neighborhood of Valley Glen, Los Angeles, California.[4][5] She was termed out of office in 2012, after serving four two-year terms.[6] In May 2006, Laws was appointed by Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa to serve on the city's 912 Commission, also known as the Neighborhood Council Review Commission.[7][8]

Laws is the founder and president of two organizations: the Directors of Animal Welfare (DAW)[9][10] and the League for Earth and Animal Protection (LEAP).[11] In 2006, Laws was the recipient of the Los Angeles Animal Humanitarian Award. Laws is a vegan and an advocate of the vegan diet.[12]

Biography[edit]

Acting and writing career[edit]

Laws during a television interview in June 2009.

Laws studied acting at the Academy Theatre of Atlanta, Joe Bernard's Acting Studio in Las Vegas and the Estelle Harman Actors Workshop in Los Angeles. She worked as a model and actress in movies and television until her late 20s. She has performed as a stand-up comic at The Comedy Store in Los Angeles.

In 1988, Laws authored the book Meet the Stars, which details how the average person can succeed in the entertainment industry. She promoted the book on Larry King Live, Oprah Winfrey, The Late Show.[citation needed][13]

From 1997 to 2000, Laws wrote for the British magazine Mad Dogs and Englishmen. Her articles on news, current events, philosophy and social issues have been published in the Los Angeles Daily News, E the Environmental Magazine, Philosophy Now,[14]The Huffington Post,[15] Opinion Editorials, Los Angeles Times, Jezebel, Gawker, Newsweek, Salon, the New York Daily News,[16] and The Washington Post.

On April 11, 2015, Laws' memoir titled Rebel in High Heels was released. The book details her fight against revenge porn and the first 22 years of her life. Her book Devil in the Basement was released on March 14, 2018. This nonfiction novel is about Laws' grandfather, who devil worshipper Ernie Yost murdered in 1948.[17] The book also spotlights the rampant prejudice directed at Italian-Americans in the early twentieth century[18] and delves into the real-life romance between Laws’ great aunt Rose and Vito Giacalone, a former Detroit mobster and prime suspect in the death of labor union leader, Jimmy Hoffa.[19][20]

On August 15, 2019, Laws's second memoir, "Undercover Debutante: The Search for My Birth Parents and a Bald Husband," was published.[21] The book won a Publishers Weekly book award and covers Laws' life from age 22 until 39. The book explains how the author tracked down her birth family and found a husband after a number of disastrous boyfriends. It also includes some of the author's celebrity escapades.[22]

Laws plays Human #46 on the 2020 Netflix series 100 Humans[23] and stars in the Netflix documentary The Most Hated Man on the Internet[24]

Activism against revenge porn[edit]

In January 2012, after an unreleased topless photo of Laws' daughter, Kayla, was posted on the revenge porn website Is Anyone Up?, Laws began an investigation of Hunter Moore, who ran the site. She contacted the FBI who launched their own investigation of Moore and his website.[25] Laws determined a large number of the photos on the site had been hacked. She contacted dozens of victims and became known as the "Erin Brockovich of revenge porn."[26][27] Laws detailed her revenge porn battle in an article published on Jezebel.[28] Her experiences were further detailed in her book, Rebel in High Heels, which was released in April 2015.[29]

Moore removed his website in the midst of the FBI investigation, but announced on November 28, 2012, that he would start a new site that would include address information. This prompted Laws to make Moore's home address public on Twitter[30] and Moore threatened to ruin her life. She soon received death threats, computer viruses, and a stalker appearing at her home.[31] Internet hackers professing to be affiliated with Anonymous came to her aid, hacking into his servers and posting his personal information on the Internet.[32] The FBI arrested Hunter Moore and his hacker, Charles Evens of Studio City, California, who went under the alias of "Gary Jones", on January 23, 2014. On February 18, 2015, it was announced that Moore would plead guilty to federal computer hacking and identity theft charges. He faced up to 7 years in prison and a $500,000 fine. He received two and a half years in federal prison.[33] With no plea deal in place and facing 42 years in prison, Moore's hacker, Charlie Evens, confessed his crimes to CNN on tape at Laws' house during an interview that CNN was filming with Laws. The taped confession aired on April 27, 2015.[34] Evens received 26 months in federal prison.[35]

On June 4, 2013, Laws gave testimony before the California State Senate in favor of SB 255, a law designed to protect victims from revenge porn or "cyber rape," a term Laws coined. The bill was sponsored by State Senator Anthony Cannella of Modesto, CA[36] and was signed into law on October 1, 2013, making California the second state to pass a law designed to help victims of non-consensual pornography. Until 2018, Laws was a board member of the Cyber Civil Rights Initiative (CCRI),[37][38] an organization dedicated to helping victims of online harassment.[39] Since 2012, Laws has been meeting with state and federal legislators, urging them to pass laws to protect victims.

In 2017, Speier and several other legislators, introduced the Ending Non-consensual Online User Graphic Harassment (ENOUGH) Act.,[40] A federal bill called The SHIELD Act (Stopping Harmful Image Exploitation and Limiting Distribution) was later introduced in 2019.[41] In addition to pushing for a federal anti-revenge porn law, Laws has recently[when?] been tackling the problem of deep fake pornography and sextortion.[42][43] She claims to have assisted over 500 victims of non-consensual pornography, morphed porn (or deep fakes), and sextortion since the inception of her activism in 2012.[44][43]

Laws stars in the Netflix docuseries, The Most Hated Man on the Internet, produced by Raw TV. It began streaming on July 27, 2022.[45]

Laws has discussed her battle against revenge porn on various television shows and podcasts including Tamron Hall,[46] The Adam Carolla Show,[47] Ask Dr. Drew,[48] Good Day LA,[49] Inside Edition,[50] Access Hollywood,[51] Banfield,[52] Lorraine[53] and News Desk with Tom Newton Dunn.[54]

Political commentator[edit]

Charlotte Laws is a political analyst and has worked as a BBC News contributor since 2015.[55][56][57][58] She has also made appearances on the Al Jazeera network,[59][60] and participated in a Reddit AMA in September 2015 with Rick Wilson (political consultant).[61] Laws was the first person[citation needed] to publicly discuss “hidden Trump supporters” and to call Trump a feminist and a pacifist.[62] Some of her controversial articles about Trump and politics have appeared in The Huffington Post[63][64][65] and The Daily Caller. In 2019, she stated she was supporting Cory Booker and Tulsi Gabbard for the 2020 election.[66]

Bill Cosby scandal[edit]

On November 30, 2014, Laws spoke out about her "34-year-old Bill Cosby secret." In a Salon article,[67] she detailed her experiences with Cosby and a friend she calls "Sandy". Laws claims that "Sandy" was already in a long term sexual relationship with Cosby before he drugged "Sandy" in 1981 before they had sex. Laws was interviewed on the Dr. Drew On Call in December 2014 about this issue,[68] suggesting a few days later, in a Fox News interview, that Cosby has somnophilia.[69]

Gay rights activism[edit]

In March 2015, Laws came to defend the LGBTQ communities when a Southern California attorney proposed a statewide ballot initiative that permitted the execution of gays by "bullets to the head or any other convenient method."[70] The initiative was called the Sodomite Suppression Act. In response to what was seen as a vicious and repugnant attack on LGBTQ people, Laws registered a rebuttal initiative with the Attorney General's office, titled "The Intolerant Jackass Act". Laws’ proposal called for sensitivity training and a steep fine for anyone submitting a state initiative related to the killing of gays.[71] In June 2015, the initiative was cleared to move forward, but Laws said that she did not plan to gather signatures, adding "I'm glad my proposal made an impact. My intent was to send a message and support gay rights. [The proposal] has served its purpose."[72]

Party crashing[edit]

Laws was voted the fourth most notorious party crasher in the world, beating Bill Murray, Queen Elizabeth II, Serena Williams, Lady Gaga, and the Salahis.[73] She says gate crashing began as a hobby when she was a teenager but later became a creative way to get face time with business leaders, politicians, and A-list celebrities in order to lobby for legislation,[74] get exclusive interviews, and obtain business partners.[75] She has crashed the Secret Service four times.[76][77] Laws’ 1988 how-to book, Meet the Stars, is believed to be the first party crashing book ever written.[78] Laws also includes some of her gatecrashing techniques in her memoirs Rebel in High Heels (2015) and Undercover Debutante (2019).[79]

Personal life[edit]

Charlotte Laws in 2022 just prior to taping the Bill Schulz Mornin' Show

Laws, a former Atlanta debutante,[80] was adopted at birth. Her adoptive father was abusive, her adoptive mother committed suicide and her little brother died in a car accident.[81] She tracked down her birthparents in her late twenties.[82][83] Laws has said that she has never had a glass of alcohol or tried illegal drugs or a cigarette.[84]

Prior to acting and writing, Laws was employed in a number of other jobs. She was a cab driver, private investigator, bodyguard, backup singer for an Elvis impersonator, nurse, fashion designer, aerobics instructor, antiques shop owner, and president of a mid-size legal corporation. Laws was a lecturer for the FBI in Quantico, Virginia in 2006[85] and has also been a licensed realtor since 1987.[86]

In April 2015, Laws went public about her three-year romance with singer Tom Jones in her memoir, Rebel in High Heels. She says he was her first boyfriend and that she dated him from age 18 until age 21.[87] She married English barrister and California attorney Charles Parselle in the 1990s and has a daughter named Kayla Laws, who is an actress.[88] She calls herself a Jewish Jain.[89] Laws’ father-in-law, Thomas Parselle, was captured by the Nazis during World War II, transported to a German POW camp and witness to the notorious break-out attempt as depicted in the movie, The Great Escape.[90]

In 2012, Laws' chicken, Mae Poulet, was a write-in vice presidential candidate. A dog selected her from Tennessee to be his running mate on the Bully ticket.[91] Mae Poulet was also involved in a 2011 fundraiser with actress Natalie Portman and actor Jason Alexander to raise money for poultry in need.[89] In March 2013, Mae Poulet was inducted into the National Museum of Animals and Society.

Laws' grandfather, Tucker Moroose (a lawyer and aspiring U.S. Senator), was murdered by a devil worshipper in Fairmont, West Virginia in 1948. The story is detailed in Laws' book, Devil in the Basement.[92][93]

In July 2019, Laws admitted in an article that she committed a crime which may have violated the Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act when she conspired to rescue pigeons.[94]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Laws, Missy. Meet the Stars. Ross Books, 1988, ISBN 0-89496-002-4.
  • Laws, Charlotte. "Jains, the ALF, and the ELF: Antagonists or Allies?" Igniting a Revolution: Voices in Defense of Mother Earth, edited by Steven Best and Anthony J. Nocella. AK Press, 2006. ISBN 1-904859-56-9.
  • Laws, Charlotte. ARMed for Ideological Warfare.
  • Laws, Charlotte. "The Jain Center of Southern California" A Call to Compassion: Religious Perspectives on Animal Advocacy, edited by Anthony J. Nocella and Lisa Kemmerer. Lantern Books, March 2011. ISBN 978-1-59056-182-9.
  • Laws, Charlotte. "Omniocracy" Uncaged: Top Activists Share Their Wisdom on Effective Farm Animal Advocacy, edited by Ben Davidow. Davidow Press, March 2013. ASIN: B00C0NF36G.
  • Laws, Charlotte. "Recipe for Cooperation: Omniocracy and the Definitional Good." Animals and the Environment: Advocacy, activism and the quest for common ground, edited by Lisa Kemmerer. Routledge, April 28, 2015. ISBN 978-1-138-82588-8.
  • Laws, Charlotte. "Rebel in High Heels: True story about the fearless mom who battled—and defeated—the kingpin of revenge porn and the dangerous forces of conformity." Stroud House Publishing, 2015, ISBN 0-99613-351-8.
  • Laws, Charlotte. "Devil in the Basement: White Supremacy, Satanic Ritual, and My Family" Stroud House Publishing, 2018 ISBN 978-0-9961335-3-1
  • Laws, Charlotte. "Undercover Debutante: The Search for my Birth Parents and a Bald Husband" Stroud House Publishing, August 2019. ISBN 978-0-9961335-6-2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Missy Laws at IMDb. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
  2. ^ "The Filter". KNBC. Archived from the original on January 29, 2013. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  3. ^ Mills, Michelle J. (November 28, 2012). "'Every Way Woman' offers smart talk for everyday women". Pasadena Star-News. Archived from the original on December 4, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  4. ^ Kerry Cavanaugh, "Mayor revives drive for affordable housing," Los Angeles Daily News, October 17, 2007
  5. ^ "Official Website Of Charlotte Laws". Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  6. ^ "My Vegan Life:Charlotte Laws". Vegan Food and Living. March 23, 2020. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  7. ^ "Laws Appointed to the 912 Commission", Studio City Sun, June 30, 2006, p. 5.
  8. ^ "NCRC - Neighborhood Council Review Commission". Done.lacity.org. Archived from the original on April 3, 2013. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  9. ^ Fleck, Denise. "Directors of Animal Welfare: Helping Los Angeles Communities and the Animals that Inhabit them". petpages.com. Archived from the original on November 26, 2006.
  10. ^ Smith, Kimberly K. "Governing Animals: Animal Welfare and the Liberal State." Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. pp. 109-118.
  11. ^ "Bios of 2007 Speakers". Animal Rights National Conference. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  12. ^ Religion vs. the Sprinkler Police, retrieved March 5, 2011
  13. ^ "Atlanta Native Charlotte Laws Takes Down 'The Most Hated Man on the Internet' in Netflix Doc". Retrieved August 1, 2022.
  14. ^ "Guess Who's Coming To Dinner?". Retrieved May 30, 2008.
  15. ^ "Charlotte Laws". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  16. ^ "Landlords are people too". NYDailyNews.com. Retrieved October 10, 2020.
  17. ^ "Ernie Yost – One of the First Documented Satanists in the U.S." ernieyost.com.
  18. ^ "Author Pens Book About 1948 Murder in Fairmont". U.S. News & World Report.
  19. ^ "Charlotte Laws". Dark Sun Rising. February 16, 2021. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  20. ^ "Author pens book about 1948 murder in Fairmont". Associated Press. January 20, 2018.
  21. ^ "Author Charlotte Laws reveals secrets about writing, promotion, and sneaking her book to Oprah at the Golden Globes". thriveglobal.com. July 2019. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
  22. ^ "Undercover Debutante - A Fast-Paced Hilarious Memoir by Charlotte Laws".
  23. ^ "IMDB for 100 Humans". IMDb. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  24. ^ "Who is Charlotte Laws and Where is she now?". Newsweek. July 27, 2022. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  25. ^ "FBI Investigates 'Revenge Porn' Website Founder". ABC News. May 22, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  26. ^ Dahl, Julia (October 3, 2013). ""Revenge porn" law in California a good first step, but flawed, experts say". CBS News.
  27. ^ "I've Been Called the "Erin Brockovich" of Revenge Porn, and For the First Time Ever, Here is My Entire Uncensored Story of Death Threats, Anonymous and the FBI". xoJane. November 21, 2013. Archived from the original on January 22, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
  28. ^ 11/22/13 3:20pm (January 1, 2012). "One Woman's Dangerous War Against the Most Hated Man on the Internet". Jezebel.com. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  29. ^ Jordyn Taylor. "Mother of Revenge Porn Victim Cheers Hunter Moore's Guilty Plea". Observer. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  30. ^ Roy, Jessica (December 4, 2012). "Anonymous Hunts Hunter Moore to Hold Him 'Accountable' For His Revenge Porn Empire". Betabeat. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  31. ^ "One Woman's Dangerous War Against the Most Hated Man on the Internet". Jezebel. January 1, 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
  32. ^ Weitzenkorn, Ben (December 7, 2012). "'Revenge porn king' hit by anonymous hackers". Fox News. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  33. ^ Ohlheiser, Abby (December 3, 2015). "Revenge porn purveyor Hunter Moore is sentenced to prison" – via washingtonpost.com.
  34. ^ Fink, Erica (April 26, 2015). "Undercover mom takes on revenge porn king". CNN. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  35. ^ "Charles Evens, 'Revenge Porn' hacker, handed 25-month prison sentence". The Washington Times.
  36. ^ Pardon, Rhett (June 4, 2013). "Calif. Senate Panel Moves 'Revenge Porn' Bill Forward". XBIZ Newswire. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
  37. ^ "CCRI Board of Directors and Advisors - The Cyber Civil Rights Initiative, Inc". Cybercivilrights.org. Archived from the original on July 2, 2015. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  38. ^ Hate Crimes in Cyberspace, Danielle Keats Citron. Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014, p. 252.
  39. ^ "The Crusading Sisterhood of Revenge-Porn Victims". New York Magazine. August 2013. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
  40. ^ "Revenge Porn Could Become a Federal Crime".
  41. ^ "Amber Heard touts revenge porn bill on Capitol Hill". Fox News. May 23, 2019.
  42. ^ "Fake Porn Videos Are Terrorizing Women. Do We Need a Law to Stop Them?". Fortune.
  43. ^ a b Stadtmiller, Mandy (October 7, 2017). "Why Every Parent Needs to Know About Sextortion". Daily Beast.
  44. ^ "Deep Fake". TAdviser.
  45. ^ Stern, Marlow (August 2022). "How an angry mom took down the revenge-porn king". Daily Beast.
  46. ^ "Tamron Hall Show". Retrieved September 8, 2022.
  47. ^ "Adam Carolla Show". YouTube. Retrieved September 22, 2022.
  48. ^ "Ask Dr. Drew". Retrieved August 15, 2022.
  49. ^ "Good Day LA". August 5, 2022. Retrieved August 5, 2022.
  50. ^ "Inside Edition". YouTube. Retrieved August 4, 2022.
  51. ^ "Access Hollywood". Retrieved July 26, 2022.
  52. ^ "Banfield". Retrieved July 28, 2022.
  53. ^ "Lorraine". Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  54. ^ "News Desk". Facebook. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
  55. ^ "Author Charlotte Laws reveals secrets about writing, promotion, and sneaking her book to Oprah at the Golden Globes". Thrive Global. July 1, 2019.
  56. ^ "Hillary Clinton far more likely to start a war than 'pacifist' Donald Trump". Express. October 28, 2016.
  57. ^ "Contributor Charlotte Laws". Huffington Post.
  58. ^ Charlotte Laws (October 9, 2016). "Dr. Charlotte Laws discusses Donald Trump on BBC TV". Archived from the original on December 13, 2021 – via YouTube.
  59. ^ "The Trump phenomenon". AlJazeera. September 15, 2015.
  60. ^ Charlotte Laws (September 18, 2015). "Dr. Charlotte Laws discusses Donald Trump on Al Jazeera 9-16-2015". Archived from the original on December 13, 2021 – via YouTube.
  61. ^ "We are Dr. Charlotte Laws (TV pundit and Trump supporter) and Rick Wilson (GOP media strategist and Trump critic). Ask us anything about Donald Trump and his candidacy for President. We won't hold back. • r/IAmA". reddit. Archived from the original on September 26, 2022.
  62. ^ "5 Accidentally Feminist Donald Trump Quotes That You Might Just Agree With". Bustle. March 1, 2016.
  63. ^ Laws, Charlotte (July 20, 2015). "Donald Trump: The Bull in a China Shop". HuffPost.
  64. ^ Laws, Charlotte (November 4, 2016). "Donald Trump, Culture And The Big Bad Wolf Of A Kiss". HuffPost.
  65. ^ Laws, Charlotte (March 10, 2016). "Don't Be Fooled: Presidential Candidates Need Racist Votes". HuffPost.
  66. ^ "@charlottelaws (June 29, 2019) "Gabbard / Booker for 2020" (Tweet) – via Twitter".
  67. ^ Charlotte Laws (November 30, 2014). "Bill Cosby and drugging: My 34-year-old secret". Salon. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  68. ^ "Charlotte Laws reveals her 34-year-old Bill Cosby secret". HLN. December 1, 2014. Retrieved July 3, 2015.[dead link]
  69. ^ "Is Bill Cosby a somnophiliac?". Fox News. December 10, 2014. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  70. ^ "Matthew Gregory McLaughlin, California Lawyer, Proposes Ballot Measure Allowing Execution of Gays". NBC News. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  71. ^ Joseph, Mark (March 23, 2015). "The Intolerant Jackass Act: A brilliant response to that Kill the Gays bill". Slate.com. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  72. ^ "'Intolerant Jackass Act' author may collect signatures for ballot proposal". Los Angeles Times. June 4, 2015. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  73. ^ "Review Fix Exclusive: Dr. Charlotte Laws Talks 'Rebel in High Heels'". Review Fix. October 9, 2015.
  74. ^ Stern, Marlow (August 2022). "How an Angry mom took Down the Revenge-Porn King". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 1, 2022.
  75. ^ "A-List Party Crasher". New Hampshire Public Radio. July 15, 2015.
  76. ^ "Emergency Deliver for G Clooney". Gawker.
  77. ^ "How to fake your way into a celebrity party". The Washington Post.
  78. ^ "Five Famous Gatecrashers". San Jose Mercury News. February 2, 2016. Retrieved May 26, 2019.
  79. ^ "A-List Party Crasher". New Hampshire Public Radio. July 15, 2015. Retrieved May 26, 2019.
  80. ^ Haunss, Allison, ed. (February 22, 2014). "Former Debutante Wages War Against 'Revenge Porn'". Working Woman Report. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  81. ^ "Atlanta native Charlotte Laws takes down 'The Most Hated Man on the Internet' in Netflix doc". Retrieved August 1, 2022.
  82. ^ The Bachelorette Book, April 30, 1998.
  83. ^ "In Search of a Birth Family". August 14, 2019. Retrieved August 14, 2022.
  84. ^ Kelly, Kris (October 7, 2019). "Q&A with Charlotte Laws on Feminism, Animal Activism, and Her Memoir, Undercover Debutante". Daily Kos. Retrieved February 11, 2021.
  85. ^ Laws, Charlotte (May 22, 2006). "My Adventure Presenting Animal Rights Philosophy to the FBI". The Simon. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  86. ^ "From Persian Folly to boring boxes". The Economist. Vol. 382. March 22, 2007.
  87. ^ Wareing, Charlotte (April 26, 2015). "Tom Jones' 'mistress' claims they had three year affair - and his wife turned a blind eye". Irishmirror.ie. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  88. ^ "Charlotte Laws' fight with Hunter Moore, the internet's revenge porn king". The Guardian. March 30, 2014. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
  89. ^ a b "Charlotte Laws: Natalie Portman gets her eggs thanks to Mae". Los Angeles Daily News. May 21, 2011. Archived from the original on September 19, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  90. ^ "Tabs Parselle: Captured by Nazis, Witness To The Great Escape". Head Stuff. June 21, 2019. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
  91. ^ "A hen in the White House? Just the ticket". Los Angeles Daily News. October 23, 2012. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  92. ^ "Devil in the Basement – A Novel based on a True Story". devilinthebasement.com.
  93. ^ Walker, Carter (January 14, 2018). "Author pens book about 1948 murder in Fairmont". Times West Virginian.
  94. ^ "I Committed a Crime - The Government Calls It Terrorism". CityWatch. July 18, 2019.

External links[edit]