Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency
Charlotte-Marguerite de Montmorency.jpg
Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, Princess de Condé
Born (1594-05-11)11 May 1594
Pézenas
Died 2 December 1650(1650-12-02) (aged 56)
Châtillon-sur-Loire
Spouse Henri, Prince de Condé
Issue Anne Geneviève, Duchess de Longueville
Louis, Prince de Condé
Armand, Prince de Conti
Full name
Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency
House House of Montmorency (by birth)
House of Bourbon (by marriage)
Father Henri de Montmorency, Duke of Montmorency
Mother Louise de Budos

Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency (11 May 1594 – 2 December 1650) was an heiress of one of France's leading ducal families, and Princess de Condé by her marriage to Henri de Bourbon. She almost became a mistress of Henry IV of France, but her husband escaped with her after the wedding, and did not return to France until after King Henry's death.[1]

Life[edit]

The daughter of Henri de Montmorency and his second wife, Louise de Budos.[2] Charlotte lost her mother before she was five years of age, and was brought up under the care of her aunt Charlotte, widow of Charles, Duke d'Angoulême.[3] In 1609, fifteen-year-old Charlotte-Marguerite wed the Prince of Condé in a glittering ceremony.[4]

Along with many other French nobles, her husband bitterly opposed the rule of Marshal d'Ancre, who abandoned the policy of the late King Henry IV. In September 1616, Condé and Charlotte Marguerite were arrested and imprisoned at Vincennes, where their daughter Anne Geneviève was conceived and born three years later, in 1619.[5]

In 1632, Charlotte-Marguerite's only brother, Henri, Duke de Montmorency was executed for intriguing against Cardinal Richelieu.[6] The title passed to her. She was buried at the Carmel du faubourg Saint-Jacques, a Carmelite convent in Paris.

Children[edit]

Her children with the Prince de Condé were:

  1. Anne Genevieve[7] (1619-1679) married Henri d'Orléans, Duke de Longueville.
  2. Louis, Prince of Condé, "le Grand Condé" (1621-1686) married Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé.
  3. Armand de Bourbon, Prince de Conti (1629-1666) married Anne Marie Martinozzi.

See also[edit]

Arms as Princess of Condé

References[edit]

  1. ^ Architectural record, Volume 16. Chantily Castle. p. 509. 
  2. ^ Pardoe, Julia, The life of Marie de Medicis, queen of France, (James Pott and Company, 1902), 389.
  3. ^ Holt, Emily Sarah (2010). Memoirs of royal ladies. Princess of Conde: Nabu press. p. 135. ISBN 1146580428. 
  4. ^ Herman, Eleanor (2005). Sex with Kings: 500 Years of Adultery, Power, Rivalry, and Revenge. The Penalties of Defiance: William Morrow Paperbacks. p. 95. ISBN 0060585447. 
  5. ^ Chisholm, Hugh. The Encyclopaedia Britannica, Or Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and General Literature: Navi - Ornithology, Volume 16. The encyclopedia. p. 986. 
  6. ^ Fetridge, William Pembroke (1878). The American travellers' guides: Hand-books for ..., Volume 17, Part 1. France. p. 421. 
  7. ^ The Encyclopaedia Britannica, Vol.14, Ed. Thomas Spencer Baynes, (Henry G. Allen and Company, 1888), 867. By Thomas Spencer Baynes
Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency
Born: 11May 1594 Died: 2 December 1650
Preceded by
Henri II
Duchess de Montmorency Succeeded by
Louis, le Grand Condé