Charlotte station (Amtrak)

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Charlotte, NC
Amtrak inter-city rail station
Charlottestation.jpg
Station entrance
Location1914 North Tryon Street
Charlotte, North Carolina
United States
Coordinates35°14′28.4″N 80°49′21.5″W / 35.241222°N 80.822639°W / 35.241222; -80.822639Coordinates: 35°14′28.4″N 80°49′21.5″W / 35.241222°N 80.822639°W / 35.241222; -80.822639
Owned byNorfolk Southern Railway
Line(s)Charlotte District
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
ConnectionsBus transport CATS: 11
Construction
Structure typeAt-grade
Parking80 spaces; free
Disabled accessYes
ArchitectWalter Hook Associates, Inc.
Architectural styleMid-century modern
Other information
Station codeCLT (Amtrak)
History
Opened1962
Original companySouthern Railway
Traffic
Passengers (FY2017)168,144[1][2]Decrease 6%
Services
Preceding station   BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg Amtrak   Following station
toward New Orleans
Crescent
toward New York
TerminusCarolinian
toward New York
Piedmont
toward Raleigh

Charlotte is an Amtrak station located at 1914 North Tryon Street, about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the northeast of downtown Charlotte. Owned by Norfolk Southern, it is located near that railroad's yard outside downtown.

It is the southern terminus for the Carolinian and Piedmont, as well as a service stop on the Crescent. As of 2018, it is Amtrak's sixth-busiest station in the Southeast United States (behind Richmond Staples Mill Road, Lorton, Alexandria, Charlottesville and New Orleans).

History[edit]

Opened in 1962, this was Charlotte's second station to be served by the Southern Railway, now part of Norfolk Southern. It was designed by local architectural firm Walter Hook Associates, Inc. The structure was designed to be constructed quickly and therefore included the use of an exposed precast concrete framing system. A separate mail building (freight depot) and boiler house were also constructed northeast of the station. The facility is smaller than its predecessor station on 531 West Trade Street, which was a response to the dramatic decrease in passenger rail service of that time. Southern Railway continued passenger rail service until 1979, when it was turned over to Amtrak. In 2002, with partnership with the North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT), the station was expanded with additional space for the waiting area, additional ticket window and new benches that replaced the original wood furniture.[3][4]

For most of the 1970s, Southern ran two routes through Charlotte. In addition to the overnight Southern Crescent, it operated the Piedmont Limited (no relation to the current Amtrak service), a daytime train that ran from Atlanta to Washington–essentially, the middle leg of the Southern Crescent. The Piedmont was truncated to a Charlotte-Washington train for much of 1975, then cut back even further to Salisbury before being discontinued altogether in 1976, shortly before Southern bowed out of passenger service and handed its trains to Amtrak in 1979.

For most of the next two decades, the only train that called at Charlotte was the Crescent, which arrived late at night in both directions. An early version of the Carolinian provided daylight service for much of 1984 and 1985. Since the Carolinian returned in 1990, the station has seen increased traffic, and is now served by ten trains per day.

Predecessor stations[edit]

Seaboard Depot[edit]

Opened in June 1896, the Seaboard Depot (also referred as Seaboard station) was designed by Charles Hook and is located at 945 North College Street. The station was a replacement of an earlier station built by the Wilmington, Charlotte and Rutherfordton Railroad Company, from 1858-1895. The two-story pink stucco station offered white and colored waiting areas on the first floor, separated by a hallway and ticket office, toilet facilities and a baggage room; the second floor was dedicated to railroad use: an office and engineers' dormitory, conductors' and train master's rooms, telegraph room and convenience areas.[5][6]

Renovation to the station occurred in 1916-17, at a cost of $22,000. Drafted by Seaboard architects and constructed by A. M. Walkup Company of Richmond, Virginia; the facility was enlarged by adding one-story additions on both ends, a wide umbrella shed and facade changes. On November 1958, the station discontinued passenger service; the station was used afterwards as a yard office before being sold to Union Ministry Center.[5][6]

Richmond and Danville Depot[edit]

Built in 1886, the Richmond and Danville Depot was located on Trade Street on the east side of the downtown bypass tracks. Replacing the Atlanta & Charlotte depot, which was located same area but on opposite side of tracks, it was two-and-half-story with eaves on nearly all sides. The facility including two waiting rooms, ticket office, dining room, kitchen (2nd floor), telegram office, baggage area and a Southern Express Company (packaging services) office. In 1894, ownership changed to the Southern Railway Company; eleven years later the station was razed and replaced.[6][7][8][9]

Southern Depot[edit]

Postcard of Southern Station and Stonewall Hotel

Opened in 1905, the Southern Depot (also referred as Southern Station) was designed by Frank Milburn and was located at 531 West Trade Street. Replacing the Richmond and Danville Depot, which was located in same area, the three-story Mediterranean style station had one side platform and one island platform operating on three tracks. The facility included waiting areas, ticket office and baggage facilities on the first floor; the second floor was dedicated to railroad use and a five-story tower. A separate two-story Southern Express Company (packaging services) building was located south adjacent to station, while the three-story Stonewall Hotel was located east adjacent to the station. Eaves on nearly all sides of the station, it also had a high arch going over two tracks, connecting with the island platform canopy.[6][10]

Multiple trains per day traveled through the station on the route of today's Crescent, the Southern Railway incarnation of the train, as well as other trains, such as the Peace Queen.[11] The station was also the point of departure for the Southern's Augusta Special toward Columbia, South Carolina and Augusta, Georgia's Augusta Union Station until the route's termination in 1966.[12]

Because of a grade separation project and the reduction in passenger service, the station was replaced in 1962 with the current Southern, and later Amtrak, station at 1914 North Tryon Street. Soon afterwards the station was razed, while two of the three tracks were raised to separate grade crossings with Fourth, Trade and Fifth streets. On November 1973, a Greyhound station was opened where the Southern Depot once stood, while unused land became car parking lots.[4][13][14]

Interurban Depot[edit]

Opened in July 1912, the Piedmont and Northern Railway Interurban Depot (also refereed as Interurban station) was located at 425 West Fourth Street, across from the Charlotte Mint. The rail line was electrified to 1,500 volts DC, connecting Charlotte to Mount Holly, Belmont and Gastonia. In 1951, passenger operations were discontinued and the depot was razed by 1970. The area remained dormant for decades, used on occasion for car parking and storage; in 2012, the land was redeveloped into the BB&T Ballpark[6][15][16][17]

Services[edit]

The station is served by three Amtrak routes, for a total of ten trains daily:

  • The Carolinian (southern terminus), with the northbound train leaving for New York just before the morning rush and the southbound train arriving in Charlotte in the evening.
  • The Piedmont (southern terminus), a regional counterpart of the Carolinian, with three round trips to Raleigh.
  • The Crescent, with one train passing overnight in each direction.

The facility is open 24 hours, which includes the ticket office, Quik-Trak kiosks, waiting area and restrooms. Services provided include passenger assistance, baggage service, bike boxes and bag storage. Free short and long-term parking is available.[18]

Station layout[edit]

The current station's exterior incorporates dark brown brick and large, angled concrete panels covered in pebble-dash. Interspersed with these heavy, solid elements are transparent walls of glass, which—coupled with clerestory windows beneath the roof—allow ample natural light to flood the 1,200-square-foot (110 m2) waiting room. In keeping with the aesthetics of Mid-Century Modern architecture, the station has minimal applied ornamentation.[4]

Future[edit]

The plan for passenger rail service in Charlotte is to return to Center City with the proposed Charlotte Gateway Station. To be located again along West Trade Street, it is to be an intermodal transit center linking inter-city Amtrak service with local bus, intercity bus, CityLynx Gold Line and taxi/ridesharing services. When completed, the current station will be closed.[19][20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2017, State of North Carolina" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2016, State of North Carolina" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  3. ^ Ward, Ralph. Southern Railway Depots, Vol. 1 North Carolina. Published by the author: Asheboro, NC. ISBN 0-9622999-1-X
  4. ^ a b c "Charlotte, NC (CLT) - Great American Stations". Amtrak's Great American Stations. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Seaboard Air Line Railroad Passenger Terminal". Charlotte-Mecklenburg Historic Landmarks Commission. September 5, 1979. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Ten North Carolina Railroad Stations, a Yard Office, a Quartermasters Depot and a Trolley Shelter in Charlotte". Piedmont and Western Railroad Club. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  7. ^ Map of Charlotte, 1877 (Map). Cartography by Beers, Frederick W. New York, NY. 1911. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  8. ^ Charlotte, North Carolina, February 1885 (Map). New York, NY: Sanborn Map Company. February 1885. p. 2. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  9. ^ Charlotte, North Carolina, June 1890 (Map). New York, NY: Sanborn Map Company. June 1890. p. 3. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  10. ^ Charlotte, North Carolina, 1911 (Map). New York, NY: Sanborn Map Company. 1911. p. 60. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  11. ^ Southern Railway July 1952 timetable, Tables J, 1
  12. ^ American Rails, The Augusta Special, https://www.american-rails.com/augusta-special.html
  13. ^ David, Maria (September 29, 2015). "Railway station to Greyhound terminal". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  14. ^ "6th Street Bridge". Lost Charlotte. February 1, 2015. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  15. ^ Official map of Charlotte, N.C. (Map). Cartography by Office of City Engineer. New York, NY: City of Charlotte. 1935. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  16. ^ "Piedmont and Northern...Yesterday and Today part i". WVNC Rails. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  17. ^ "The Piedmont and Northern Railway: "The Great Electrified System Of The South"". American Rails.com. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
  18. ^ "Charlotte, North Carolina Train Station (CLT) - Amtrak". Retrieved February 3, 2019.
  19. ^ Rainey, Amy (January 16, 2008). "The Ever-Changing Face of the Queen City - Here's the Scoop on Some Projects Going Up, In and Around Your Neighborhood". The Charlotte Observer. p. 10Z.
  20. ^ "Gateway Station Home". City of Charlotte. Retrieved May 7, 2017.

External links[edit]