Charlotte von Rothschild

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Charlotte Freifrau von Rothschild
Charlotte artist.jpg
Charlotte von Rothschild, wedding portrait by Moritz Daniel Oppenheim, 1836. The Israel Museum, Jerusalem
Born(1819-06-13)13 June 1819
Died13 March 1884(1884-03-13) (aged 64)
ChildrenLeonora de Rothschild (b. 1837)
Evelina de Rothschild (b. 1839)
Nathan Mayer Rothschild (b. 1840)
Alfred de Rothschild (b. 1842)
Leopold de Rothschild (b. 1845)
Parent(s)Carl Mayer Freiherr von Rothschild and Adelheid Herz

Charlotte Freifrau von Rothschild (13 June 1819 – 13 March 1884) was a German-born British socialite. She was a member of the Rothschild banking family of Naples.[1]


Rothschild was born into the well known Jewish banking family, the Rothschilds. She was the eldest child and only daughter of Carl Mayer Freiherr von Rothschild (1788–1855) and Adelheid Herz (1800–1853). Her maternal grandparents were M

Moses Isaac Herz (sometspelled sure Hertz) and Clara (nee SaloHerz.[2]mon)


She was born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany on June 13, 1819.[1][3] Both her parents were Jewish.


Because endogamy within the Rothschild family was an essential part of their strategy to ensure that control of their wealth remained in family hands, on 15 June 1836, two days after her seventeenth birthday, Rothschild married Lionel Freiherr de Rothschild (1808–1879), her first cousin from the English branch of the family.[3] They had the following children:

  1. Leonora (1837–1911)
  2. Evelina (1839–1866)
  3. Nathan Mayer (1840–1915)
  4. Alfred Charles (1842–1918)
  5. Leopold (1845–1917)

The couple maintained residences at 148 Piccadilly and Gunnersbury Park in London where, in the tradition of the English family, she used the style "de" Rothschild. Rothschild's arranged marriage flourished for 43 years based on great love and mutual respect. In an era when male and female roles were clearly defined, Charlotte had been better educated in art than her husband and would be instrumental in most of their art assemblage.[1]

In 1858, her husband became the first unconverted Jew to sit in the British House of Commons. Charlotte Freifrau de Rothschild became one of England's most prominent socialites whose dinner invitations, according to biographer Stanley Weintraub, were favoured over those from Buckingham Palace.

In 1844, the Freifrau caused a sensation in London society when the American showman P. T. Barnum and his celebrated midget "Tom Thumb" performed at her home. However, beyond socializing and entertaining, Charlotte von Rothschild was a dedicated patron of numerous charities with a special interest in education.[1]


Rothschild died at her Gunnersbury Park home on March 13, 1884 and was buried next to her husband in the Willesden Jewish Cemetery. Following her death, her eldest son named a newly constructed block of housing for low-income persons "Charlotte's Buildings."[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e 1929-, Weintraub, Stanley, (2003). Charlotte and Lionel : a Rothschild love story. New York: Free Press. ISBN 0743226860. OCLC 50511533.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  2. ^ "Clara Salomon". geni_family_tree. Retrieved 2019-09-22.
  3. ^ a b "Charlotte von Rothschild (1819-1884) | Rothschild Family". Retrieved 2019-02-22.