Charlottenburg Town Hall
Charlottenburg Town Hall (German: Rathaus Charlottenburg) is an administrative building situated in the Charlottenburg locality of Berlin in Germany. It was built between 1899 and 1905 at the behest of the then independent city of Charlottenburg in the Prussian province of Brandenburg.
Upon the death of Queen consort Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, the former village of Lietzow was renamed Charlottenburg and received town privileges by order of King Frederick I of Prussia on 5 April 1705. A first town hall was established in a court building near Charlottenburg Palace. The town's population consisted mainly of royal officials and initially the king also assumed the office of the mayor. As from the mid 19th century the population grew rapidly, the building became too small to house the municipal offices and in 1860 a new town hall was inaugurated eastwards on the road to the Prussian capital Berlin, the present-day Otto-Suhr-Allee.
Around 1900, Charlottenburg had become an affluent city and its citizens expressed their confidence by holding an architectural competition to rebuild the town hall in a lavish Gründerzeit style with a 70 m (230 ft) long Wünschelburg sandstone façade and a spire of 88 m (289 ft), exceeding the dome of Charlottenburg Palace (which allegedly caused trouble with Emperor Wilhelm II). Inaugurated on the town's 200-years-jubilee in 1905, it soon had to be enlarged by an eastern annex built in 1910 according to plans designed by Heinrich Seeling.
Upon the city's incorporation according to the 1920 Greater Berlin Act, the building became the administrative seat of the Charlottenburg borough. Severely damaged during the bombing of Berlin in World War II by an RAF air raid in the night of 22 November 1943, it was gradually rebuilt by the West Berlin authorities until the 1960s. The town hall today houses several departments of the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf borough's administration and a community library.
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