Coordinates: Charlton was the name of a small village in Gloucestershire, England, demolished in the late 1940s to make room for airport expansion. It was between Filton and Cribbs Causeway immediately north of Bristol.
Charlton was a tything in the ancient parish, and later civil parish, of Henbury. In 1870 it had a population of 425. Between 1910 and 1915 the village was served by Charlton Halt, on the Henbury Loop railway line just south of the village. In 1935 the village was transferred to the civil parish of Almondsbury.
In the late 1940s nearly all of the village was demolished to make way for an extension of the main runway at Filton Airfield, now Filton Aerodrome, to accommodate take-offs of the giant Bristol Brabazon propeller-driven airliner. Just before demolition, many of the former residents were rehoused in council housing on Patchway Estate.
Although the Brabazon project was cancelled in 1953, the extended runway proved very useful later, when Vulcan V bombers were dispersed to Filton during the Cuban Missile Crisis and when Concorde supersonic airliners took off.
The site today
The name survives in Charlton Common – a public recreation area, to the south of the original settlement – Charlton Road, which led from Passage Road, Westbury on Trym, to the village, and Charlton Lane, which led from Henbury and Brentry.
In the 1970s the name was resurrected for the new development of Charlton Mead, on the south side of Filton Airfield near Southmead, and in 2009 it was used again for the new development of Charlton Hayes, on the north side of Filton Airfield at Patchway.
Filton Airfield is to close from the end of 2012. The decision results from a review of its financial/commercial profitability. The future for the site, at this time, is unclear.
- Heathrow (hamlet), another village which was demolished to make room for an airport
- Paul Townsend. "The Lost Villages of Bristol". Retrieved 2011-01-05.
- Bibliography on Pilning and Severn Beach Parish Council website
- Google Earth view of Bristol Filton Airport and the site of Charlton
- Closer Google Earth view of the site of Charlton (north of "Charlton Common")