Charlton Mackrell

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Charlton Mackrell
Stone building with square tower separated from the road in the foreground by a stone wall.
Parish church
Charlton Mackrell is located in Somerset
Charlton Mackrell
Charlton Mackrell
Charlton Mackrell shown within Somerset
Population 1,020 (2014)[1]
OS grid reference ST525285
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Somerton
Postcode district TA11 6
Dialling code 01458
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Somerset
51°03′14″N 2°40′44″W / 51.0538°N 2.6790°W / 51.0538; -2.6790Coordinates: 51°03′14″N 2°40′44″W / 51.0538°N 2.6790°W / 51.0538; -2.6790

Charlton Mackrell is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated three miles (roughly 4.8 kilometres) east of Somerton in the South Somerset district. The village has a population of 1,020.[1]

The parish consists of two villages, Charlton Mackrell and Charlton Adam, together known as "The Charltons". Both villages have approximately similar populations. There are also small settlements at Lytes Cary, Cary Fitzpaine (east of the A37 Fosse Way) and West Charlton. West Charlton is the shrunken remains of the original village of Charlton Mackrell.

History[edit]

The Fosse Way runs through the parish and Roman villa sites associated with it have been found at Windmill Hill.[2] The parishes of Charlton Adam and Charlton Mackrell were part of the hundred of Somerton.[3]

In the 16th century two medieval fields were divided which delayed inclosure until the 18th century, leading to the current patchwork of fields.[4]

The Charltons have been home to several of the ancestors of politicians in the United States of America. Henry Adams and Edith Squire were married in the parish church in 1609 and she is thought to be the ancestor of Presidents John Adams, John Quincy Adams and Calvin Coolidge, as well as of Samuel Adams, who also signed the Declaration of Independence, while Presidents Millard Fillmore and William Howard Taft were descendants of her two sisters Ann and Margaret.[5]

The manor was bought around 1800 by William Dickinson of Kingweston whose family held it until 1930.[2]

A railway station served the village as part of the Great Western Railway, from 1905 to 1962.

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of South Somerset, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Langport Rural District.[6] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of the Somerton and Frome county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Geography[edit]

Just outside the village to the south west, near the main Langport and Castle Cary Railway line is the 14 acres (5.7 ha) Green Down Nature Reserve run by the Somerset Wildlife Trust. It is on the side of Windmill Hill and provides a habitat for a range of species including the largest number of large blue butterflies anywhere in the world.[7] At the eastern end of the reserve is a Powder House which was used by the Great Western Railway to store dynamite used in the construction of the Somerton Tunnel from 1903 to 1905.[8]

Landmarks[edit]

The Abbey, Charlton Adam is a small country house which dates from the 16th century. The house takes its name from the fact that it was the site of the Chantry Chapel of the Holy Spirit, founded in 1237, of which some fragments may be incorporated. The interiors contain some Elizabethan panelling and reused earlier bits and pieces. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.[9]

Lytes Cary is larger and has parts which date from the 14th century. A Tudor great hall was added in the mid-15th century, and a great chamber and other rooms in 1533. Other rooms and ranges were added until the Lytes family sold the manor in the mid-18th century. It is now owned by the National Trust and is also Grade I listed.[10]

Charlton House is dated as being built in 1726 by Thomas Lyte on the site of an earlier building.[11]

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of St Mary in West Charlton dates from the 13th century.[12]

The Church of St Peter and St Paul, on Church Hill, is slightly more recent.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The complete guide. Wimbourne: Dovecote Press. pp. 61–62. ISBN 1-874336-26-1. 
  3. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 19 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Havinden, Michael (1982). The Somerset Landscape. The making of the English landscape. London: Hodder and Stoughton. pp. 125–126. ISBN 0-340-20116-9. 
  5. ^ "Connections with Presidents and other notable Americans". The Charltons. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  6. ^ "Langport RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Green Down". Somerset Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 20 March 2011. 
  8. ^ Warren, Derrick (2005). Curious Somerset. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. pp. 41–42. ISBN 978-0-7509-4057-3. 
  9. ^ "The Abbey". Images of England. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  10. ^ The Buildings of England, South and West Somerset, by Nikolaus Pevsner. Penguin Books 1958; Reprinted by Yale University Press, 2003, pp 228-229.
  11. ^ "Charlton House". Images of England. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  12. ^ "Church of St Mary". Images of England. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  13. ^ "Church of St Peter and St Paul". Images of England. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 

External links[edit]