Charlton Thomas Lewis

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Charlton Thomas Lewis
Charlton Thomas Lewis.png
Personal details
Born(1834-02-25)February 25, 1834
West Chester, Pennsylvania
DiedMay 26, 1904(1904-05-26) (aged 70)
Morristown, New Jersey
Nancy D. McKeen
(m. 1861)
Margaret P. Sherrard
(m. 1885)
EducationYale University
OccupationLawyer, writer, lexicographer

Charlton Thomas Lewis (February 25, 1834 – May 26, 1904) was a United States lawyer, author and lexicographer, who is particularly remembered as a compiler of several Latin–English dictionaries.[1]


Lewis was born in West Chester, Pennsylvania, to Joseph J. and Mary (Miner) Lewis. He graduated from Yale University in 1853. After further studying with a view to entering the ministry of the Methodist Episcopal Church, he served as professor at the State Normal University at Bloomington, Illinois, 1856–57, and from 1858 to 1861 was professor of Greek at Methodist-affiliated Troy University (New York).[2][3]

In 1863-64 he was a United States deputy commissioner of internal revenue.[3][4] He began the practice of law in New York City in 1865. For a year in 1870-1871 he was the managing editor of the New York Evening Post newspaper.[3] In 1871 he returned to law practice, where he specialized in insurance law and was longstanding law counsel for a large insurance company in New York city.[3] During 1898-99, he was a lecturer on insurance at Harvard, Columbia and Cornell universities.[3]

He was also president of the Prison Association of New York and of the State Charities Aid Association of New Jersey.

He married Nancy D. McKeen in 1861. He remarried to Margaret P. Sherrard in 1885.[3][5]

He died in Morristown, New Jersey, as a result of cerebrospinal meningitis.[3][4][6]


Major published works:[4]

  • Gnomon of the New Testament, translated from the German of Bengel (1861)
  • A History of Germany, from the earliest times (1870)[7]
  • A Latin Dictionary, in collaboration with Charles Short (1879)[8] (also known as Harper's Latin Dictionary)
  • Latin Dictionary for Schools (1889)[9]
  • An Elementary Latin Dictionary (1890)[10]


  1. ^ Ward W. Briggs; American Philological Association (January 1, 1994). Biographical Dictionary of North American Classicists. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 360–. ISBN 978-0-313-24560-2.
  2. ^ A Short History of Classical Scholarship. CUP Archive. 1915. pp. 427–. GGKEY:HW4CZHA5A47 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Yale University (1910). Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University. The University. pp. 324–326 – via Internet Archive.
  4. ^ a b c Rines 1920.
  5. ^ The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. Vol. XI. James T. White & Company. 1909. p. 62. Retrieved January 5, 2021 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ "Dr. Charlton T. Lewis". The New York Times. Morristown, New Jersey. May 27, 1904. p. 9. Retrieved January 5, 2021 – via
  7. ^ Charlton Thomas Lewis; Dr. David Müller (1890). A History of Germany, from the Earliest Times. Harper & Brothers.
  8. ^ "Charlton T. Lewis, Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, A".
  9. ^ Charlton Thomas Lewis (1889). A Latin Dictionary for Schools. Harper & Brothers. pp. 15–.
  10. ^ Charlton Thomas Lewis (1915). An Elementary Latin Dictionary. American Book Company. pp. 7–.


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