Charlwood and Horley Act 1974
|Long title||An Act to transfer parts of the new parishes of Charlwood and Horley to the new county of Surrey, and for connected purposes.|
|Citation||1974 c. 11|
|Introduced by||Graham Page|
|Territorial extent||England and Wales|
|Royal assent||8 February 1974|
|Commencement||1 April 1974|
|Repealed by||Statute Law (Repeals) Act 2004 (section 2(3))|
Status: Partially repealed
The Charlwood and Horley Act 1974 (1974 c. 11) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that amended the Local Government Act 1972 to move the villages of Charlwood and Horley from West Sussex to Surrey.
The 1972 Act had provided for the transfer of Gatwick Airport and the parishes of Charlwood and Horley from Surrey to West Sussex. The transfer was opposed by Surrey County Council, Dorking and Horley Rural District Council and Charlwood and Horley Parish Councils. Arguments against the transfer included the loss of expertise built up by the Surrey local authorities on airport management and planning, loss of territories to school catchment areas and remote administration from Chichester. It was also suggested that the areas were likely to be administered as part of Crawley New Town, with which they had no linkage. On 5 December 1971 a demonstration by 1,500 residents disrupted traffic on the main London to Brighton road at the proposed boundary.
On 27 January 1972, Michael Heseltine, Under-Secretary of State for the Environment, stated that the transfer of the airport would go ahead, but that the question of whether the two villages would remain in Surrey was not finally decided. Surrey County Council's proposed amendments to keep Gatwick within the county were rejected by the House of Commons in July 1972, but the council decided to take its case to the House of Lords.
On 17 October 1973, it was announced that the Government would be holding negotiations about the Surrey/West Sussex boundary. The Charlwood and Horley Bill was introduced to Parliament on 31 October 1973. It passed all stages on the last day of the parliamentary session and received royal assent on 8 February 1974.
From 1 April 1974 there was a realignment of civil parish boundaries, and a new parish was created:
- Charlwood in Mole Valley district
- Horley in Reigate and Banstead district
- Salfords and Sidlow: created from parts of Charlwood and Horley parishes, and included in Reigate and Banstead
The portion included in West Sussex became part of the unparished area of Crawley district.
- Surrey backed by local councils in fight to stop transfer of Gatwick, The Times, 23 November 1971
- Boundary protest disrupts traffic, The Times, 6 December 1971
- Last ditch attempt to save aldermen, The Times, 28 January 1972
- Surrey fights on, The Times, 15 July 1972
- Two villages to be put back in Surrey, The Times, 18 October 1973
- Bills on indecent displays among first brought in, The Times, 1 November 1973
- 83 bills are lost but three vital measures pass all stages today, The Times, 8 February 1974