Charmes-Chambertin is an Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) and Grand Cru vineyard for red wine in the Côte de Nuits subregion of Burgundy, with Pinot noir as the main grape variety. It is located in the southern part of the commune of Gevrey-Chambertin and on the lower hillside east of Chambertin (on the other side of the Route des Grands Crus), north of Mazoyères-Chambertin and south of Griotte-Chambertin. The AOC was created in 1937.
Wines from Charmes-Chambertin are known for being highly fragrant in their youth, and known for the typicity character of the Pinot noir and its soft, ripe fruit flavors that typically peak between 10-20 years. The section of the vineyard closest to the Route N74 road is often considered closer to premier cru than Grand cru status.
In 2008, 28.97 hectares (71.6 acres) of vineyard surface was in production within the AOC, which made it the largest Grand Cru in Gevrey-Chambertin. 1,115 hectolitres (24,500 imp gal) of wine was produced, corresponding to just under 150,000 bottles.
The main grape variety for Charmes-Chambertin is Pinot noir. The AOC regulations also allow up to 15 per cent total of Chardonnay, Pinot blanc and Pinot gris as accessory grapes, but this is practically never used for any Burgundy Grand Cru vineyard. The allowed base yield is 37 hectoliter per hectare, a minimum planting density of 9,000 vines per hectare and a minimum grape maturity of 11.5 per cent potential alcohol is required.
Mazoyères-Chambertin, which adjoins Charmes-Chambertin to the south, is generally (and legally) bottled under the Charmes-Chambertin appellation.
- K. MacNeil The Wine Bible pg 191-195 Workman Publishing 2001 ISBN 1-56305-434-5
- J. Robinson (ed) "The Oxford Companion to Wine" Third Edition pg 313 Oxford University Press 2006 ISBN 0-19-860990-6
- T. Stevenson "The Sotheby's Wine Encyclopedia" pg 146-147 Dorling Kindersley 2005 ISBN 0-7566-1324-8
- BIVB: Les Appellations d’Origine Contrôlée de Bourgogne, accessed on November 27, 2009
- AOC regulations, last updated 2009