St. Peter's parish church
|Population||271 (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|Website||Charney Bassett Parish Council|
Charney Bassett is a village and civil parish about 4.5 miles (7 km) north of Wantage and 6 miles (10 km) east of Faringdon in the Vale of White Horse. It was part of Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred it to Oxfordshire.
The river Ock flows through it, and divides here for a mile or so. Eilert Ekwall postulates that the alternative name of the river, Charn or Cearn, may have originally applied to the northern arm only.
About 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the village, between Charney and Pusey is Cherbury Camp, an Iron Age earthwork. It looks like the nearby hill forts on the Berkshire Downs but is unusual in being built on more or less level ground, away from any hill. Cherbury means "fort beside the River Cearn". It is larger than Uffington Castle hill fort.
Charney Bassett has been settled since Anglo-Saxon era. The earliest known records of the locality's history records a grant of land to the Abbot of Abingdon Abbey in AD 811. The surrounding area was largely marshland and the meaning of Charney is "island in the River Cearn". This was an alternative name for the River Ock, that runs close by and which supplies the mill stream.
Notable buildings and structures
The Church of England parish church of Saint Peter is Grade I listed. It has some twelfth-century parts and a turret with two medieval chiming bells. Noteworthy is the tympanum of the church, with a Romanesque relief depicting the ascension of Alexander the Great to the sky, a legendary episode from a version of the so called Pseudo-Callisthenes (the Alexander Romance).
On the village green is a medieval stone pillar mounted upon three steps. This may have been a market cross where goods could be offered for sale at certain times of the year. A sundial was later added to the top and this would have been used as the village time-piece. After the First World War the centre step was replaced with a dressed stone memorial to the fallen, whose names are inscribed thereon.
Charney Water Mill and its adjoining cottage are Grade II listed. The mill is owned by Oxfordshire County Council and leased to the parish council. The machinery is mainly intact and the mill has been undergoing restoration by the Vale of White Horse Industrial Archaeology Group since about 1975.
- "Area selected: Vale of White Horse (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
- Eilert Ekwall (1928). English River Names. OUP. p. 73.
- Stebbing, Nancy (1979). "An Axe-Head from Charney Bassett". Oxoniensia. Oxfordshire Architectural and Historical Society. XLIV: 92.
- Joan Vokins, Oxfordindex, Retrieved 5 July 2016
- Loomis, Roger Sherman (May 1918). "Alexander the Great's "Celestial Journey". Part II (Conclusion). Western Examples". The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs. XXXII (182).
- The Benefice of Cherbury with Gainfield
- Vale & Downland Museum: Charney Bassett Water Mill Archived 5 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- British Listed Buildings
- The Chequers Inn
- Page, W.H.; Ditchfield, P.H., eds. (1924). A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 4. Victoria County History. pp. 466–471.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1966). Berkshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 112–113.
Media related to Charney Bassett at Wikimedia Commons