Charnwood Forest

Coordinates: 52°42′N 1°15′W / 52.70°N 1.25°W / 52.70; -1.25
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The summit of Beacon Hill
Bluebells in Swithland Wood
Charnwood Forest, as defined by Natural England
Old John, Bradgate Park

Charnwood Forest is a hilly tract in north-western Leicestershire, England, bounded by Leicester, Loughborough and Coalville. The area is undulating, rocky and picturesque, with barren areas. It also has some extensive tracts of woodland; its elevation is generally 600 feet (180 m) and upwards, the area exceeding this height being about 6,100 acres (25 km2). The highest point, Bardon Hill, is 912 feet (278 m). On its western flank lies an abandoned coalfield, with Coalville and other former mining villages,[1] now being regenerated and replanted as part of the National Forest. The M1 motorway, between junctions 22 and 23, cuts through Charnwood Forest.

The hard stone of Charnwood Forest has been quarried for centuries,[2] and was a source of whetstones and quern-stones. The granite quarries at Bardon Hill, Buddon Hill and Whitwick supply crushed aggregate to a wide area of southern Britain.

The forest is an important recreational area with woodland walks, noted for their displays of bluebells in the early spring, rock climbing and hillwalking. Popular places with public access include Bardon Hill, Beacon Hill, Bradgate Park, Swithland Wood and the Outwoods and Stoneywell Cottage (National Trust).


The area of hills and open land known as Charnwood Forest has no jurisdictional boundary (the Borough of Charnwood covers roughly two thirds of Charnwood Forest, and the eastern half of the borough is not part of the forest). Furthermore, despite its name, Charnwood was never a royal forest, and was never subject to forest law.[3] So although it is an ancient and well-established locality,[4] it has only recently been officially defined, by the Natural England National Character Area (NCA) process,[5][6] which takes a somewhat wider definition than many previous attempts to define the area.[7][8]


Many of the craggy rocks of Charnwood Forest are of volcanic origin and are very old, dating back through 600 million years to Precambrian times.[9] It was the site of the first-ever recorded discovery of Charnia masoni, the earliest-known large, complex fossilised species on record, recovered from a quarry near the Charnwood village of Woodhouse Eaves. It was discovered separately in 1956 & 1957 by local schoolchildren Tina Negus and Roger Mason, although it was Mason who received the credit (thus masoni). Since this find in Charnwood Forest, Precambrian fossils have been discovered across the world.[10][11][12]

Along the western edge of Charnwood Forest the rocks are mainly Precambrian igneous diorites. These formed from molten lava deep within the sedimentary rocks, cooling slowly to produce hard, blocky rock with large crystals. This is extensively quarried for roadstone around Groby, Markfield and Whitwick, and is known as granite (formerly also called Markfieldite).[13]

The central area of the forest has older rocks still. These are sedimentary and are very variable in character, They were formed by material from volcanoes, settling in deep water, and it is in these beds that the fossils are found. Uplifting, tilting and erosion have produced the distinctive jagged exposures found across the highest parts of Charnwood.[14] On the eastern side, a much more recent series of rocks are found. Again igneous diorites, that formed deep underground, but these are Ordovician, from a mere 450 million years ago.[15] These are extensively quarried in the areas near Mountsorrel.


The earliest form of the name Charnwood is probably derived from cerne woda, from the Celtic carn, meaning cairn, and the Old English wudu, meaning wood. Some sources give cwern as the derivation, meaning a tool used to grind grain and other materials by hand. The area was a source of stone for these tools, called quern-stones.[16]

Archeological evidence has shown that the area was inhabited as far back as the Neolithic period, approximately 4,000–2,000 BC. Beacon Hill is the site of a Bronze Age hill fort, dating from between 600 BC and 43 AD. This forms one of the last surviving visible features in the landscape known to the Coritani, the tribe who occupied most of the East Midlands area at the time of the Roman Conquest.

According to Domesday Book, there was only one settlement in Charnwood Forest in 1086, at Charley whose name would appear to come from the same root, with the suffix -ley denoting open land, rather than forest.

In the 200 years after the Norman conquest, newly created settlements took major areas of land out of the forest for use in agriculture. Quorn was established between 1086 and 1153, and all the land up to Woodhouse had been deforested by 1228.

There were comparatively few major changes in land use in the post Medieval period, until the demand for timber and charcoal for the early Industrial Revolution contributed to a further loss of woodland. By the end of the 18th century, most of the woodland had disappeared leaving large areas of moorland and pasture.

In 1957 Charnwood Forest was considered for designation as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), but the designation was not made due to the construction of the M1 motorway through the area.[17][18]

In literature[edit]

The area was the inspiration for "Charnwood Poems", a collection of poems by the author, playwright and poet Albert Francis Cross (1863–1940). It is also the setting for the speculative fiction novel Some Kind of Fairy Tale by Graham Joyce (2012), in which it is depicted as a possible portal to the realm of fairies.

Wildlife and geological sites[edit]

Map showing sites in Charnwood Forest notable for wildlife and geology

Charnwood Forest covers approx 67 sq mi (170 km2) of Leicestershire, split over three local government districts: Charnwood Borough, North West Leicestershire District and Hinckley and Bosworth District. It includes a national nature reserve (NNR), 19 SSSIs (Some subdivided in the list of sites below), 4 Geological Conservation Review (GCR) sites of international geological importance plus a further 6 GCR sites, 13 regionally important geological sites (RIGS), five local nature reserves (LNRs), seven Leicestershire and Rutland Wildlife Trust (LRWT) nature reserves, and one Woodland Trust woodland. Seventeen sites have open access to the public. Footpaths and bridleways give views and limited access to the other sites listed, and to the rest of the Charnwood Forest landscape. Over half of Charnwood Forest is included within the English National Forest. It is also crossed by two waymarked long distance walking routes—the Leicestershire Round and the Ivanhoe Way.[19] The 45 sites listed here include sites with statutory wildlife or geological designations, plus other sites included in published lists of notable sites. On both the map and table, green denotes a site open to the public, amber denotes a site with limited access or restricted by permit or membership. Red denotes a site with no public access except by special arrangement with the owners.

Plants found within the woods include Digitalis purpurea, Dactylorhiza fuchsii, Sorbus torminalis and Vaccinium myrtilus.

Sites in Charnwood Forest notable for Wildlife and Geology
Map No. Site Name Status Access Location and map link Area (ha) Habitat Ownership and details
1 Breedon Cloud Wood and Quarry SSSI(B&G)[20] & RIGS[21] Restricted 52°47′19″N 1°23′10″W / 52.7886°N 1.3860°W / 52.7886; -1.3860 (Breedon Cloud Wood and Quarry SSSI)
63 Ancient woodland and limestone quarry Breedon Cloud Wood is owned by LRWT. Permit needed.[22] Cloud Hill Quarry is owned by Ennstone Breedon Ltd.
2 Shepshed Cutting SSSI(G)[20] Partial 52°45′47″N 1°19′00″W / 52.7630°N 1.3168°W / 52.7630; -1.3168 (Shepshed Cutting SSSI)
6.1 Old Quarry with Galena of a type unknown elsewhere in the world.[23] The quarry is crossed by a disused railway cutting of the Charnwood Forest Railway which is now a path and cycleway and of the short-lived Charnwood Forest Canal.[24]
3 Morley Quarry, Shepshed LNR,[25] GCR[26] & RIGS[27] Open 52°45′24″N 1°17′46″W / 52.7566°N 1.2961°W / 52.7566; -1.2961 (Morley Quarry)
3 Disused quarry Charnwood Borough Council. Car Park off Iveshead Road.[27] Cliff faces show the oldest of Charnwood's Precambrian rocks and the Triassic unconformity.[28]
4 Newhurst Quarry, Shepshed SSSI(G),[20] GCR[29] & RIGS[21] None 52°45′23″N 1°16′58″W / 52.7565°N 1.2828°W / 52.7565; -1.2828 (Newhurst Quarry, Shepshed SSSI)
9 Quarry currently being used for waste disposal Landfill site managed by Biffa.[30] GCR listing for Mineralogy significance.[29]
5 Holywell Wood Woodland[31] Private 52°45′36″N 1°15′00″W / 52.7599°N 1.2501°W / 52.7599; -1.2501 (Holywell Wood)
Woodland Private. Public footpath runs along its northern edge from Snells Nook Lane.
6 Longcliffe Quarry, Shepshed RIGS[21] None 52°47′04″N 1°16′21″W / 52.7844°N 1.2726°W / 52.7844; -1.2726 (Longcliffe Quarry, Shepshed)
Quarry site Midland Quarry Products: working quarry.
7 Ives Head GCR(I)[26] & RIGS[32] Partial 52°44′55″N 1°17′36″W / 52.7485°N 1.2933°W / 52.7485; -1.2933 (Ives Head)
Old quarry and craggy hilltop Privately owned disused quarry. A public bridleway passes 500 m south of the summit (201 m).
8 Blackbrook Reservoir SSSI(B&G)[20] & GCR[26] Partial 52°45′12″N 1°19′27″W / 52.7532°N 1.3243°W / 52.7532; -1.3243 (Blackbrook Reservoir SSSI)
38.6 Open water, wooded banks, wetlands Severn Trent Water. Access to the viaduct and wooded slopes via One Barrow Lane.[33]
9 Grace Dieu And High Sharpley SSSI (B&G)[20] Partial 52°44′56″N 1°21′14″W / 52.7489°N 1.3540°W / 52.7489; -1.3540 (Grace Dieu And High Sharpley SSSI)
89 Heathland and Carbonifierous limestone outcrops Private owners. Adjoins National Forest access land and Grace Dieu Priory site.
10 Cademan Wood Woodland[31] Partial 52°44′56″N 1°21′09″W / 52.7489°N 1.3526°W / 52.7489; -1.3526 (Cademan Wood)
Mixed woodland with rocky outcrops De Lisle family. Public footpaths and informal open access.[34] Spectacular outcrops that formed very close to a Precambrian volcano.[28]
11 Snibston Country Park and Grange Nature Reserve LNR[25] Open 52°43′26″N 1°23′08″W / 52.7238°N 1.3855°W / 52.7238; -1.3855 (Snibston Country Park)
40 Woodland, meadow, marsh and ponds Leicestershire County Council.[35]
12 Nature Alive! Coalville LNR[25] Open 52°43′55″N 1°22′41″W / 52.7319°N 1.3780°W / 52.7319; -1.3780 (Nature Alive!)
6 Regenerated scrub and wetland on former industrial land North West Leicestershire District Council. Valuable site for dragonflies.[36]
13 Whitwick Quarry RIGS[21] None 52°44′20″N 1°20′16″W / 52.7389°N 1.3379°W / 52.7389; -1.3379 (Whitwick Quarry)
Quarry site Midland Quarry Products
14 Mount St Bernard Abbey Abbey[31] Partial 52°44′29″N 1°19′28″W / 52.7415°N 1.3245°W / 52.7415; -1.3245 (Mount St Bernard's Abbey)
Cistercian Abbey Visitors to the Abbey and grounds are made welcome.[37] The crags around The Knoll show steeply dipping Charnian tuffs.[38]
15 Charnwood Lodge NNR, SSSI(B&G)[20] & GCR[26] Restricted 52°44′06″N 1°18′41″W / 52.7351°N 1.3113°W / 52.7351; -1.3113 (Charnwood Lodge SSSI)
193.5 Acid and heath grasslands with some mixed woodland LRWT, permit needed for parts.[39] Timberwood Hill and Warren Hills are accessible under the right to roam.[40]
16 Jubilee Wood, Woodhouse Lane Public woodland Open 52°44′37″N 1°14′46″W / 52.7437°N 1.2460°W / 52.7437; -1.2460 (Jubilee Wood)
10 Mixed woodland and rocky outcrops Leicestershire County Council.[41]
17 Loughborough Outwoods, Woodhouse Lane SSSI(B&G)[20] GCR (I)[26] Open 52°44′21″N 1°14′19″W / 52.7392°N 1.2387°W / 52.7392; -1.2387 (Outwoods, Leicestershire SSSI)
44.6 Mixed woodland and rocky outcrops Charnwood Borough Council. Free car park.[42]
18 Woodbrook and Deans Wood Stream and woodland[31] Partial 52°44′15″N 1°15′13″W / 52.7375°N 1.2535°W / 52.7375; -1.2535 (Woodbrook and Deans Wood)
Charnwood stream and woodland Permissive path from Jubilee wood to Deans Lane.[43]
19 Charley Woods Nature reserve Open 52°43′44″N 1°17′48″W / 52.7288°N 1.2966°W / 52.7288; -1.2966 (Charley Woods)
28.8 Oak woodland LRWT, open to the public.[44]
20 Bardon Hill Quarry SSSI(G)[20] GCR[26] and RIGS[21] None 52°42′55″N 1°19′19″W / 52.7154°N 1.3220°W / 52.7154; -1.3220 (Bardon Hill Quarry SSSI)
79 Quarry. Precambrian Igneous Rocks Aggregate Industries.
21 Bardon Hill SSSI(B)[20] Partial 52°42′52″N 1°19′08″W / 52.7145°N 1.3190°W / 52.7145; -1.3190 (Bardon Hill SSSI)
13 High moorland, highest point in Leicestershire (278m) Private land. Access to the summit, via public footpaths with expansive views.[45]
22 Beacon Hill, Woodhouse Eaves SSSI(B&G)[20] GCR[26] & Ancient Monument Open 52°43′36″N 1°14′30″W / 52.7266°N 1.2418°W / 52.7266; -1.2418 (Beacon Hill, Leicestershire SSSI)
135 Heathland, rocks, woodland hillfort Leicestershire County Council.[46]
23 Broombriggs Farm and Windmill Hill Farm Trail Open 52°43′29″N 1°13′38″W / 52.7247°N 1.2271°W / 52.7247; -1.2271 (Broombriggs Farm and Windmill Hill)
55 Farmland and heath Leicestershire County Council. Pay car park.[47]
24 Buddon Brook Stream[31] Partial 52°44′07″N 1°10′41″W / 52.7352°N 1.1780°W / 52.7352; -1.1780 (Buddon Brook)
Stream habitat Private farmland. A public footpath runs beside the stream.
25 Buddon Wood SSSI(B&G)[20] and RIGS[21] None 52°43′54″N 1°10′30″W / 52.7316°N 1.1751°W / 52.7316; -1.1751 (Buddon Wood SSSI)
89 Ancient Oak woodland, now mostly quarried away, Private – including Lafarge Aggregates.[48]
26 Main Quarry, Mountsorrel SSSI(G)[20] & GCR[26] None 52°43′40″N 1°08′49″W / 52.7278°N 1.1470°W / 52.7278; -1.1470 (Main Quarry, Mountsorrel SSSI)
14 Quarry site Lafarge Aggregates. Largest man-made hole in Europe. School visits are possible.[49]
27 Swithland Reservoir and Brazil Island SSSI (B&G)[20] and RIGS Partial 52°43′21″N 1°10′20″W / 52.72260°N 1.1723°W / 52.72260; -1.1723 (Swithland Reservoir SSSI)
98 Open water, wooded banks Severn Trent Water. Limited road and footpath access. Excellent views from Great Central Railway, which crosses the reservoir via Brazil Island.
28 The Brand, Swithland SSSI(B&G)[20] & GCR[26] None 52°42′53″N 1°12′29″W / 52.7147°N 1.2080°W / 52.7147; -1.2080 (The Brand, Swithland)
18 Oak woodland, grassy heath and old slate quarries Private (Martin family). Occasional open days.[32]
29 Roecliffe Manor Lawns SSSI(B)[20] None 52°42′27″N 1°12′56″W / 52.7076°N 1.2155°W / 52.7076; -1.2155 (Roecliffe Manor Lawns SSSI)
1.2 Species rich grassland with rare fungi Private (Cottingham family).
30 Swithland Wood SSSI(B&G)[20] Open 52°42′21″N 1°12′08″W / 52.7057°N 1.2022°W / 52.7057; -1.2022 (Swithland Wood SSSI)
61 Ancient Woodland and disused slate quarries Bradgate Park Trust. Pay car parks.
31 Benscliffe Wood SSSI(B)[20] None 52°42′34″N 1°14′26″W / 52.7095°N 1.2406°W / 52.7095; -1.2406 (Benscliffe Wood SSSI)
10 Mixed woodland Private wood. Particularly rich in lichen species.
32 Ulverscroft Nature Reserve, Whitcroft's Lane Nature reserve Restricted 52°42′26″N 1°16′34″W / 52.7071°N 1.2762°W / 52.7071; -1.2762 (Ulverscroft Nature Reserve)
56 Mixed woodland, marshy grassland and meadow NT, managed by LRWT (NT members need LRWT permit).[50]
33 Rocky Plantation, Nr Markfield Nature reserve Restricted 52°42′06″N 1°16′19″W / 52.7016°N 1.2719°W / 52.7016; -1.2719 (Rocky Plantation)
3.4 Mixed woodland and rocky outcrops NT, managed by LRWT. Open to Wildlife Trust and National Trust members only.[51]
34 Lea Meadows, Ulverscroft Lane SSSI[20] Open 52°41′56″N 1°15′10″W / 52.6988°N 1.2527°W / 52.6988; -1.2527 (Lea Meadows SSSI)
12 Meadow LRWT, open to the public.[52]
35 Billa Barra Hill LNR[25] & RIGS[21] Open 52°41′51″N 1°18′32″W / 52.6974°N 1.3089°W / 52.6974; -1.3089 (Billa Barra Hill)
20 Old quarry, grassland, mature and recent woodland. Hinckley and Bosworth Borough Council. Open to the public. Car Park on Billa Barra Lane.[53]
36 New Cliffe Hill Quarry RIGS[21] None 52°41′34″N 1°18′59″W / 52.6929°N 1.3164°W / 52.6929; -1.3164 (New Cliffe Hill Quarry)
243 Quarry. Precambrian Rocks Midland Quarry Products: working quarry (A tunnel links this to Cliffe Hill Quarry).[54]
37 Cliffe Hill Quarry SSSI(G)[20] GCR (I)[26] and RIGS[21] None 52°41′24″N 1°17′55″W / 52.6901°N 1.2987°W / 52.6901; -1.2987 (Cliffe Hill Quarry SSSI)
37 Quarry. Precambrian Rocks Midland Quarry Products: working quarry.[55]
38 Altar Stones, Markfield Nature reserve Open 52°41′30″N 1°17′02″W / 52.6918°N 1.2839°W / 52.6918; -1.2839 (Altar Stones, Markfield)
3.7 Rough heath grassland with rock outcrops LRWT, open to the public.[56]
39 Hill Hole Quarry, Markfield Nature reserve and RIGS[21] Open 52°41′14″N 1°16′57″W / 52.6873°N 1.2825°W / 52.6873; -1.2825 (Hill Hole Quarry)
5.4 Flooded quarry, rock faces and grassland Hinckley and Bosworth Borough Council. Open to the public.[57] The old quarry faces show the youngest of the area's Precambrian rocks.[58]
40 Cropston Reservoir SSSI(B&G)[20] None 52°41′38″N 1°11′37″W / 52.6939°N 1.1936°W / 52.6939; -1.1936 (Cropston Reservoir SSSI)
55 Open water, wetlands Severn Trent Water. No access but with good views from Bradgate Park.
41 Bradgate Park SSSI(B&G)[20] GCR(I)[26] Open 52°41′30″N 1°13′17″W / 52.6917°N 1.2214°W / 52.6917; -1.2214 (Bradgate Park SSSI)
340 Bracken heath, rocks, river, woodland, ancient oaks Bradgate Park Trust. Pay car parks.
42 Sheet Hedges Wood, Newtown Linford SSSI(B)[20] Open 52°40′25″N 1°13′35″W / 52.6735°N 1.2265°W / 52.6735; -1.2265 (Sheet Hedges Wood SSSI)
30 Mixed woodland Leicestershire County Council. Free car park near Groby Pool.[59]
43 Groby Pool SSSI(B)[20] Partial 52°40′08″N 1°13′41″W / 52.6690°N 1.2280°W / 52.6690; -1.2280 (Groby Pool SSSI)
28 Open water, wetlands Amalgamated Roadstone Corp. One side has good roadside paths and access with a large nearby free car park.
44 Groby Quarry RIGS[21] None 52°40′12″N 1°13′30″W / 52.6699°N 1.2251°W / 52.6699; -1.2251 (Groby Quarry)
Working Quarry Amalgamated Roadstone Corporation (ARC)
45 Martinshaw Wood Public woodland[31] Open 52°39′36″N 1°14′51″W / 52.6601°N 1.2474°W / 52.6601; -1.2474 (Martinshaw Wood)
102 Mixed woodland Woodland Trust.[60]

Abbreviations used in the table: National nature reserve (NNR). Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) (B=Biological, G=Geological). Geological Conservation Review (GCR)(I=of International importance).[61] Regionally Important Geological Site (RIGS). Leicestershire and Rutland Wildlife Trust (LRWT). National Trust (NT). Local nature reserve (LNR).

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Chisholm 1911.
  2. ^ Ambrose et al. 2007, p. 42.
  3. ^ Squires & Humphrey 1986, p. 10.
  4. ^ Squires & Humphrey 1986, p. 11.
  5. ^ Hirst 1997.
  6. ^ "Natural England Access to Evidence - National Character Areas" (PDF). Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  7. ^ Crocker 1981, p. 13.
  8. ^ Webster 1997, p. 42.
  9. ^ Ambrose et al. 2007, p. 2.
  10. ^ Carney 2010.
  11. ^ "Graduate scientist given inaugural fossil research award in honour of unsung hero". Retrieved 8 February 2023.
  12. ^ Smith, E. F.; Nelson, L. L.; Tweedt, S. M.; Zeng, H.; Workman, J. B. (12 July 2017). "A cosmopolitan late Ediacaran biotic assemblage: new fossils from Nevada and Namibia support a global biostratigraphic link". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 284 (1858): 20170934. doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.0934. ISSN 0962-8452. PMC 5524506. PMID 28701565.
  13. ^ Ambrose et al. 2007, p. 27.
  14. ^ Ambrose et al. 2007, p. 14.
  15. ^ Ambrose et al. 2007, p. 6.
  16. ^ "Charnwood History Overview". People Making Places 2000: A creative Map of Charnwood. Archived from the original on 14 February 2010. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
  17. ^ "Charnwood Forest Landscape and Settlement Character Assessment". October 2008. Retrieved 3 December 2022.
  18. ^ "Charnwood Forest Regional Park". October 2010. Retrieved 3 December 2022.
  19. ^ "Longer Distance Paths - Leicestershire County Council". Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "Designated Sites View". Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Map". Archived from the original on 20 August 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
  22. ^ "Cloud Wood - Leicestershire & Rutland Wildlife Trust". Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  23. ^ "County: Leicestershire, Site name: Shepshed Cutting, District: Charnwood" (PDF). Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  24. ^ Ambrose et al. 2007, p. 36.
  25. ^ a b c d "Natural England - Special Sites". 20 October 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Carney et al. 2000, p. 16.
  27. ^ a b "Morley Quarry LNR" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  28. ^ a b Ambrose et al. 2007, p. 18.
  29. ^ a b Bevins 2010, p. 8.
  30. ^ "Newhurst EfW". Archived from the original on 2 March 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
  31. ^ a b c d e f Webster 1997, p. 41.
  32. ^ a b Crocker, J and Daws, J, 1996 Spiders of Leicestershire, p.207
  33. ^ Ambrose et al. 2007, p. 33.
  34. ^ "Grace Dieu and Cademan Woods". 27 June 2013. Archived from the original on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  35. ^ "Snibston - Country Park - Leicestershire County Council". Archived from the original on 2 October 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
  36. ^ "Nature Alive!, Coalville - Leicestershire & Rutland Dragonfly and Damselfly Sites". Archived from the original on 6 July 2008. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
  37. ^ "Home". Mount Saint Bernard. 9 April 2016. Archived from the original on 14 May 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  38. ^ Ambrose et al. 2007, p. 34.
  39. ^ "Charnwood Lodge - Leicestershire & Rutland Wildlife Trust". Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  40. ^ "Ramblers | Home | Where can I Roam?". Archived from the original on 3 October 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
  41. ^ "Country Parks Jubilee Wood - Leicestershire County Council". Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
  42. ^ "The Outwoods - Parks and open spaces - Charnwood Borough Council". 2 June 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  43. ^ "Walks to Nature - Charnwood - Leicestershire County Council". Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
  44. ^ "Charley Woods - Leicestershire & Rutland Wildlife Trust". Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  45. ^ Ambrose et al. 2007, p. 16.
  46. ^ "Beacon Hill Country Park - Leicestershire County Council". Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
  47. ^ "Country Parks Broombriggs Farm and Windmill Hill - Leicestershire County Council". Archived from the original on 11 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
  48. ^ "Mountsorrel Granite Quarry information and photos". 2 November 2007. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  49. ^ "Bulk & Packed Cement | Lafarge Cement" (PDF). Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  50. ^ "Ulverscroft - Leicestershire & Rutland Wildlife Trust". Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  51. ^ "Rocky Plantation - Leicestershire & Rutland Wildlife Trust". Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  52. ^ "Lea Meadows - Leicestershire & Rutland Wildlife Trust". Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  53. ^ "About Billa Barra Hill | Billa Barra Hill | Hinckley & Bosworth Borough Council". 3 March 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  54. ^ "New Cliffe Hill Quarry, Stanton under Bardon, Leicestershire, England, UK". Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  55. ^ "Grace Dieu Wood | Visit National Forest". Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  56. ^ "Altar Stones - Leicestershire & Rutland Wildlife Trust". Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  57. ^ "About Hill Hole Quarry | Hill Hole Quarry | Hinckley & Bosworth Borough Council". 3 March 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  58. ^ Ambrose et al. 2007, p. 35.
  59. ^ "Country Parks Sheet Hedges Wood - Leicestershire County Council". Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
  60. ^ "Information about Martinshaw Wood, one of 1,000+ woods owned by the Woodland Trust". Archived from the original on 29 March 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
  61. ^ Carney et al. 2000, p. 17.


External links[edit]

52°42′N 1°15′W / 52.70°N 1.25°W / 52.70; -1.25