Charruan languages

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Charruan
EthnicityCharrúa people
Geographic
distribution
Uruguay and Entre Ríos Province, Argentina
Linguistic classificationLule–VilelaMataco–Guaicuru
  • Charruan
Subdivisions

    Yañá NBEUÁ
    Yañá NTIMPÚC

Glottologchar1238[1]
Charrua.JPG
Pre-contact distribution of the Charruan languages

The Charruan languages are a present group of languages once spoken in Uruguay and the Argentine province of Entre Ríos. In 2005 a semi-speaker of Chaná language was found.[2] And have been made efforts at least from 90's decade, for revitalization of the Charrua Language.[3]

Four languages are considered to definitively belong to the Charruan language family, basically Chañá (Lanték), Nbeuá, Charrúa and Guenoa.[4]

  • Chaná
    • Lanték YAÑÁ (proper name of Chaná language)
    • Yañá NBEUÁ (the wrongly named "Mbeguá", "Beguá", "Chaná-Beguá", etc.)
    • Yañá NTIMPÚC (the wrongly named "Timbúes", "Chaná TImbúes", "Timbó", "Chaná timbó", etc.)
  • Charrúa
  • Güenoa

A number of unattested languages are also presumed to belong to the Charruan family:[4]

Vocabulary Comparison[edit]

The Charruan languages are poorly attested. However, sufficient vocabulary has been gathered for the languages to be compared:[4][5]

English Charrua Chaná Güenoa
me m' mi-tí hum
you m' mutí /em/ baté m
we rampti/ am-ptí rambuí
eye i-hou ocál
ear i-mau / i-man timó
mouth ej hek / obá
hand guar nam
foot / toe atit eté
water hué atá
sun dioi
dog lohán agó
white huok
one u-gil / ngui yut
two sam usan / amá
three detí / datit detit / heít detit
know sepé seker
good / nice bilú oblí / oblé
brother/sister inchalá nchalá
friend huamá uamá
why? / how? retám retanle*
who? ua-reté
past (suf.) ndau / nden edam

Genetic relations[edit]

Jorge Suárez includes Charruan with Guaicuruan in a hypothetical Waikuru-Charrúa stock. Morris Swadesh includes Charruan along with Guaicuruan, Matacoan, and Mascoyan within his Macro-Mapuche stock. Both proposals appear to be obsolete.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Charruan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ La Nación, "Investigan los orígenes de una extraña lengua indígena" 2005/July/01
  3. ^ "Derechos de afrodescendientes, indígenas y migrantes se debatirán en Congreso del FA - Diario La República". Diario La República (in Spanish). 2018-07-07. Retrieved 2018-12-03.

    "Tenemos Argentina que en este aspecto están más adelantados, allí se descubrió un hablante de la lengua Chaná, que es un dialecto de la misma familia lingüística del Charrúa. Y el gobierno de la provincia de Entre Ríos editó un diccionario sobre esta lengua, iniciaron una serie de talleres en las escuelas con este anciano hablante del Chaná. Allí hay una política pública.
  4. ^ a b c Loukotka, Čestmír (1968), Classification of South American Indian Languages, Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center
  5. ^ This comparison table is a revision by Br. José Damián Torko Gómez, base on the J.C. Sábat Pébet and J.J. Figueira compilation of all terms known of the "uruguayan" aboriginal languages.- Source: https://www.estudioshistoricos-en.edu.uy/assets/080-boletín-histórico-nº-120---123---año-1969.pdf