Charsadda District, Pakistan

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Charsadda District
ضلع چارسدہ
چارسدې ولسوالۍ
Top: Bala Hisar mound
Bottom: Bacha Khan Square in Charsadda
Location in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Location in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerSaad Hussain
 • District Police OfficerN/A
 • District Health OfficerN/A
 • Total996 km2 (385 sq mi)
 • Total1,610,960
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Number of Tehsils3

Charsadda District (Pashto: چارسدې ولسوالۍ, Urdu: ضلع چارسدہ) is a district in the Peshawar Division of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Prior to its establishment as a separate district in 1998, it was a tehsil within the Peshawar District.[2] Pashtuns make up the majority of the population of the district. The district headquarter is the town of Charsadda, which was once part of the Peshawar ex-metropolitan region.

Overview and history[edit]

The district lies between 34-03' and 34-38' north latitudes and 71-28' and 71-53' east longitudes. Charsadda is located in the west of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and is bounded by the Malakand District to the north, Mardan district to the east, Nowshera and Peshawar districts to the south and Mohmand district to the west. The district covers an area of 996 square kilometers.

Charsadda was once part of the kingdom of Gandhara. However, around 516 BC Gandhara became part of the seventh satrapy or province of the Achaemenid Empire and paid tribute to Darius the Great of Persia, until it was overthrown by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC.

After the death of Alexander in 323 BC, the Indian Emperor Chandragupta Maurya rose to power and brought Gandhara under his sway. According to a popular tradition, Emperor Ashoka built one of his stupas there.[citation needed] This stupa was mentioned by the famous Chinese Buddhist pilgrim Hieun Tsang, who visited it in 630 AD. According to him, Po-Lu-Sha (as he called the stupa) was 2.5 miles (4.0 km) in circumference.[citation needed]

To the east, a Brahminical temple stood while to the north, a monastery was located. According to Buddhists, this monastery was the place where Buddha preached the Law. The name Gandhara went out of usage after Mahmud of Ghazni conquered the area and converted it to Islam in 1026.[citation needed]

Bactrian Greeks[edit]

This area was also ruled by the Bactrian Greeks between 250–125 BC which was succeeded by the Indo-Greek Kingdom who ruled until 10 AD.


Shabqadar is a tehsil within the District Charsadda. It is 17 miles (27 km) north west of Peshawar. A fort was built here by the Sikhs called Sharkargarh. The town was burnt by the Mohmands in 1897. It has since been rebuilt.[citation needed]

Bibi Syeda Dheri[edit]

Bibi Syeda Dheri is a site half a mile to the north of Umarzai village in Charsadda tehsil. At this location, a mound rises to a height of 60 ft (18 m). It is believed to be the site of the stupa erected to commemorate the conversion by Buddha of goddess Hariti who used to devour children of the locality. There is also a shrine of a lady saint Bibi Syeda.[citation needed]


Shar-i-Napursan is an archaeological site in Charsadda tehsil near the village Rajjar. Excavations have unearthed two distinct settlements of the Buddhist period and two of the Muslim period. Coins of Menander, Hermaeus and Kanishka have been unearthed.[3]

Palatu Dheri[edit]

Piedestal of a Buddha statue, with Year 384 inscription, from Palatu Dheri.[4]

Palatu Dheri is another archaeological site near Charsadda tehsil. A mile from Shar-i-Napursan is a mound which contains the remains of a stupa, which according to Hieun Tsiang, was built by one Deven. Some coins which connect them both to the first century AD have been unearthed. Other finds include the image of the goddess Kalika-devi. Three inscribed jars, which were presented by some laymen to "the Community of the Four Quarters", are now in the Peshawar Museum.[citation needed]


The city of Charsadda originally known as Pushkalavati is first mentioned in the Hindu epic story the Ramayana.[citation needed]

Bala Hisar of Charsadda[edit]

Bala Hisar was excavated twice by the head of the Archaeological Survey of India, Sir John Marshall, in 1902 and by Sir Mortimer Wheeler in 1958. According to the South Asian Archaeology Research Group of Bradford University, Wheeler suggested that Bala Hisar "was founded by the Persians in the sixth century BC as a colony guarding the eastern edge of their empire".[5]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1951 282,618—    
1961 364,088+2.57%
1972 513,193+3.17%
1981 630,811+2.32%
1998 1,022,364+2.88%
2017 1,610,960+2.42%

At the time of the 2017 census the district had 217,404 households a population of 1,610,960. Charsadda had a sex ratio of 970 females per 1000 males and a literacy rate of 50.7–66.2% for males and 35.0% for females. 270,204 (16.8%) lived in urban areas. 30.2% of the population were under 10 years of age. 873 (0.1%) people in the district were from religious minorities, mainly Christians. Pashto was the predominant language, spoken by 99.1% of the population.[1]


The district is administratively subdivided into 3 Tehsils comprising a total of 58 Union Councils:[7]

Tehsil Urdu Name Pashto Name No. of Union Councils
Charsadda تحصیل چارسدہ چارسدې تحصیل 34
Tangi تحصیل تنگی تنګي تحصیل 12
Shabqadar تحصیل شب قدر شب قدر تحصیل 12

National Assembly Seats[edit]

The district is represented in the National Assembly by two MNAs who represent the following constituencies:[8]

Constituency MNA Party
NA-24 (Charsadda-I) Vacant
NA-25 (Charsadda-II) Vacant

Provincial Assembly Seats[edit]

The district is represented in the Provincial Assembly by five MPAs who represent the following constituencies:[9]

Member of Provincial Assembly Party Affiliation Constituency Year
Khalid Khan Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf PK-59 (Charsadda-I) 2018
Shakeel Bashir Khan Awami National Party PK-60 (Charsadda-II)
Sultan Mohammad Khan Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf PK-61 (Charsadda-III)
Fazle Shakoor Khan Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf PK-62 (Charsadda-IV)
Mohammad Arif Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf PK-63 (Charsadda-V)

Towns and villages[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "District Wise Results / Tables (Census – 2017)". Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  2. ^ PCO 1998, p. 1.
  3. ^ Province (Pakistan), North-west Frontier (1931). N.-W.F. Province Gazetteers. p. 320.
  4. ^ Problems of Chronology in Gandharan Art p.37
  5. ^ "Bradford University – The Bala Hisar of Charsadda". Archived from the original on 2007-12-13. Retrieved 2007-06-16.
  6. ^ "Population by administrative units 1951–1998" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  7. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Charsada - Government of Pakistan Archived March 22, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Members of the National Assembly of Pakistan
  9. ^ Members of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly


  • 1998 District census report of Charsadda. Census publication. Vol. 68. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000.