Charterhouse Bank

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Charterhouse Bank
TypePublic
IndustryBanking
Founded1920
Defunct2000
FateAcquired
SuccessorHSBC
HeadquartersLondon, UK
Key people
Sir Victor Blank, (Chairman and CEO)

Charterhouse Bank was a British investment bank.

History[edit]

Charterhouse Bank was incorporated as an investment bank in December 1920.[1] In 1963 Charterhouse Bank merged with S. Japhet and Company, a rival investment bank established by Saemy Japhet (1858–1954), to form Charterhouse Japhet.[2]

A US-based arm, Charterhouse Group, was formed in 1973, but became independent of its parent in the 1980s.[3] In 1981 Charterhouse Japhet acquired Keyser Ullman, a substantial but failing rival.[4] In November 1983, Jacob Rothschild merged his own investment business, RIT & Northern, into Charterhouse Japhet and took a controlling stake in the combined business which was briefly known as Charterhouse J. Rothschild.[5] Rothschild then sold the banking business, still known as Charterhouse Japhet, to the Royal Bank of Scotland in January 1985.[6] From 1985 to 1996 Sir Victor Blank held the posts of Chairman and Chief Executive of the banking business, which reverted to its original name, Charterhouse Bank.[7]

Royal Bank of Scotland sold 90% of Charterhouse Bank (retaining 10%) to two continental banks, Crédit Commercial de France and Berliner Handels- und Frankfurter Bank in February 1993.[8] Crédit Commercial de France acquired Berliner Handels- und Frankfurter Bank in the late 1990s,[9] so consolidating its investment in Charterhouse Bank, but was itself taken over by HSBC in 2000.[10]

In June 2001, the management of Charterhouse Capital Partners, the private equity unit of Charterhouse Bank, completed a management buyout from HSBC to become an independent private equity business.[11] Similarly, in May 2011, the management of HSBC Specialist Investments (later InfraRed Capital Partners) completed a management buyout from HSBC to become an independent infrastructure investment business.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Charterhouse Management Services Limited". Companies House. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Saemy Japhet, Banker and Philanthropist, Dies in London at 95". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 4 February 1954. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Charterhouse Group Announces Exit Of Investment In Oakleaf Global Holdings, Inc. in a $655 Million Transaction". PR Newswire. 1 August 2007. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  4. ^ Grady, John; Weale, Martin (1986). British Banking, 1960–85. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 156. ISBN 978-1-349-07537-9.
  5. ^ "Rothschild merger in Britain". New York Times. 4 November 1983. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  6. ^ "European dreams: Charterhouse Bank". The Economist. 13 February 1993. Archived from the original on 14 April 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  7. ^ "Profile: Sir Victor Blank". The Daily Telegraph. London. 2006-01-26. Retrieved 2007-09-12.
  8. ^ "Charterhouse sold to continental banks for pounds 235m". The Independent. 7 February 1993. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  9. ^ "Big Bang 1986: A Revolution in UK Securities and Investment Banking". Archived from the original on 14 April 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  10. ^ "HSBC Holdings Agrees to Buy Credit Commercial de France". 3 April 2000. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  11. ^ "Charterhouse sticks to its winning formula". Financial News. 12 January 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  12. ^ "HSBC completes spin-out of infra-funds firm". Financial News. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2017.