St Mary's Church with part of the Green
|Chartham shown within Kent|
|Area||20.84 km2 (8.05 sq mi)|
|Population||4,261 (Civil Parish 2011)|
|• Density||204/km2 (530/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||CT4 7|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Chartham is a village and civil parish on the Great Stour river in the vale of the Kent Downs, 4 miles (6 km) west of Canterbury, England. The Great Stour Way path passes through the village. A paper mill in the village has specialised in the production of tracing paper since 1938. There are numerous arable farms and orchards in the parish. The village has an unmanned station, Chartham, and a manned level crossing. It has an outlying locality sharing in many of the community resources, Chartham Hatch.
The earliest recorded form of the name is Certham. The name Chartham literally means 'Village on rough ground', and the word "Chart" is also found in other villages in Kent with this meaning.
The river provided power for the paper mills until some point before 1955. Paper making has been a major occupation for the last 625 years; the mill dates from the late eighteenth century.
The dovecote at Burnt House Farm is not only notable for its building's architectural merit but is also a Scheduled Ancient Monument for its importance in sending homing birds to and from important envoys such as the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Geography and economy
Chartham is located on the Great Stour river and vale of the Kent Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Its paper mill specialises in the production of tracing paper. There are numerous arable farms and orchards in the parish.
The village is served by Chartham railway station and the Great Stour Way path.
At the national level Chartham is in the English parliamentary constituency of Canterbury for which Julian Brazier (Conservative) has been MP since 1987. At the general election of 2010, Brazier won 22,050 votes (44.8%) giving him a majority of 6,048. The Liberal Democrats won 16,002 votes (32.5%), Labour 7,940 (16.1%), and the United Kingdom Independence Party 1,907 (3.9%). For European elections Chartham is in the South East England constituency.
In the census of 1801 the number of people present in the parish of Chartham, enclosing an area of about 3 square miles (8 km2) and including the settlement of Chartham Hatch, was given as 776, and this figure remained roughly stable until the late 19th century when a dramatic increase was recorded: in the census of 1881, the number was given as 2,473.
The Church of St Mary is located next to the village green and contains six bells, five of which were made by Joseph Hatch in 1605, which makes them the oldest complete set by the same bellfounder in Kent. It was built in approximately 1294 and features a number of brasses, including that of Sir Robert de Setvans (d 1306). The stonework of its chancel windows exhibit a form of tracery, known as Kentish or split cusp tracery, which originates here. The tower is 14th century and the renovation was in 1875 by Oxford University architect George Edmund Street.
The Chartham railway station lies one stop west of Canterbury West and has regular trains to London stations including London Victoria station and London Charing Cross railway station. The HS1 trains also pass through the station but do not stop here.
The village is contiguous with the smaller Shalmsford Street to the west, and was until recently the location of St Augustine's Mental Hospital, formerly known as the East Kent Lunatic Asylum. The site on which St Augustine's stood has now become a housing estate.
Chartham Hatch is the northern upper part of the village, also known as a hamlet, of around 200 houses. It is surrounded by small woods and its orchards of apples and pears. Village Hall, formerly the school, is in the centre. The famous North Downs Way passes through the village.
Horton or Horton Manor is a tiny hamlet northeast by the Great Stour Way with its weir, Grade II listed manor house, and scheduled ancient monument manor chapel remains, later which became an oast house and agricultural storage area. In 844 King Æthelwulf of Wessex granted land at Horton to Ealdorman Eadred. A translation of the text of Charter S 319 reads: "Bounds of Horton. On the east: the wood which is called down-grove. On the west: the [arch]bishop and Lulla jointly. On the southern side: the land of Lulla at Chartham. On the north: the land of Beornwulf, which he possesses in eternity."
Mystole and Thruxted
These hamlets are south west along the Great Stour and to the south east. Mystole is rich in heritage due to its focal point, Mystole House, a remarkable 16th century historic building, with architectural Grade II* status and former appurtenances/outbuildings: Grade II* listed Mystole Coach House; its Park; listed orangery; tennis court; Archway Lodge; The Tetherings and Stable House. Thruxted itself has a large working farmhouse.
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- "Paper Manufacturer; Arjowiggins Creative Papers Suppliers of Translucent Paper". arjowiggins-tracingpapers.com. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1018874)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- "Details of path, paper mills trail and local landmarks". Canterbury City Council. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- MPs, Lords & offices (n.d.). "Mr Julian Brazier MP". www.parliament.uk. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics – Area: Chartham and Stone Street (Ward)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
- Vision of Britain (2009). "Chartham AP/CP". University of Portsmouth et al. chart view. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
- "Oldest 100 Ringing Bells in Kent". kent.lovesguide.com. 2010. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Chartham Parish Design Statement, Canterbury City Council & Chartham Society, March 2005
- Stephen Hart (18 March 2010). Medieval Church Window Tracery in England. Boydell & Brewer Ltd. p. 68. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1100352)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- "Branch Finder". The Post Office. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Chartham Parish Council website[permanent dead link]
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1255391)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1085714)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- The Electronic Sawyer: Online Catalogue of Anglo-Saxon Charters. S319 dated 844
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1085682)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1100332)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1085684)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1348494)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1336502)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1085685)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
Media related to Chartham at Wikimedia Commons