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As of 2001[update] India census, Charthawal had a population of 31,493. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Charthawal has an average literacy rate of 51%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 59% and female literacy of 42%. 19% of the population is under 6 years of age.
There are many schools and colleges in Charthawal, few names are given below
- Chandra Shekhar Azad Degree College
- Maharaja Agrasen Girls Degree College
- Gandhi Inter College
- Jaihind Inter College
- Abul Kalam Azad Inter College
- Gandhi Balika High School
- Arya Kanya Inter College
- Kids Heaven Public School
- Kids Heaven High School
- Nalanda Public School
- Saraswati Vidhya Mandir
- Gandhi Shishu Niketan
- Bal Vidhya Mandir
- Adarsh Public High School
- Primary School
- Tasmia Public School
- Islamia Public School
Both Muslim and Hindu religions are found in Charthawal. There are 65% percent Muslims out of the 40,000 population of the town. The majority of the population belongs to Muslim Tyagi, which comprises roughly 55-60% of total Muslim population.
There are many mosques in the town but two are very old. One is situated at Sheikhzadgan Garvi(west) (غركى), known as Jama Masjid Tagayan, was supposed to be built by The Mughal emperor फिरोज शाह तुगलक (मुताबिक 786 हिजरी) in the 17th century and other is situated in Sheikhzadgan Sharki(east) (شركى), was built in 360 years back, also known as Jama Masjid alias 'Amina Masjid' Sheikhzadgan (near Hakim Nazar Ahsan).
There are many Hindu temples:
Thakurdwara was built in the 13th century and later on in 1910 it was repaired by one of the wazir's family member of Mughal Emperor Shahjahan. There exist Sidhpeeth Devi Mandir on the top of Charthawal. At this, temple huge number of people worship in Navratri. There exist an old Bharo mandir in Murdapati Charthawal where people visit every Saturday and it is considered that every wish gets fulfilled if you visit there, many people visit there in the month of Asadh. There is a shiv mandir where exists a natural Shivling where a large number of people visit in Sawan.
There are two sugar cane crusher and Sugar Cane Small-scale plant (Kolhu) which produce Jagerry (Gurh in Urdu/Hindi) after processing sugar cane juice in Charthawal. They start their production from Oct. to May and get a hundred million business in the season. Bajaj Hindusthan Limited, Titawi sugar mill and Rohana Sugar Refinery are around the town.
Charthawal is also famous for wholesale market of wood. There is more than 10 wholesale shop aadhat for wood sale. They purchase the wood of Eucalyptus, Poplar, Teak Sheesham and different types of wood from farmers and sell it to the plywood industries. The turnover of the wood market of Charthawal is between one and two million Indian Rupees per day.
There are 67 villages in block Charthawal. Akbargarh is one of the famous village in Charthawal. This is only one village which has a big statue of Baba Saheb Bheemrao Ambedkar. This year(2018) villagers of Akbargarh arrange a big program on the 127th birthday of this great man. In this program SDM and SO of Muzaffarnagar district join them. Villagers of Akbargarh are so kind. Especially Kutesra village which has a population of 22000 people is being considered to be turned into a town. Biralsi is also a very big village in Charthawal block.
Maulana Mushtaq Ahmad, a great scholar in early 19th century also belong to Charthawal. He had contributed a lot in Islamic literature by writing many books in Urdu and Arabic. Some of them are the permanent part of the syllabus in the Islamic Madarsas of the Indian continental Countries.
Persian language in Mughal period was in use as spoken and government relation. Hakim Mohammad Umar, another great sufi and scholar and the Khalifa of Mian Ji Noor Jhinhanvi in early 18th century, was also from Charthawal. He wrote some books in Persian poetry. One of them is available named as Noor uz Zaman ir (نورالزمائر), which got published by his son Hakim Sadaruddin in 1902. In which he praised to all the 99 Names of Allah (Asma-e-Husnat)(اسم ال حسنات) with the description of his personal reciting experience (hikayatain) with each name of Allah.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Titawi Sugar mill
- Attributes of Allah www.islam.com