|Buenos Aires Province|
|Mayor||Juan Alberto Gobbi|
|Founded||May 30, 1779|
|Elevation||16 m (52 ft)|
|CPA Base||B 7130|
|Area code(s)||+54 2241|
Chascomús is the principal city in Chascomús Partido in eastern Buenos Aires Province of Argentina, located 123 km (76 mi) south of the capital Buenos Aires. In 2001, the city had a population of 30,670.
The city was founded as a fort (the Fortín de San Juan Bautista) on May 30, 1779, by Captain Pedro Nicolás Escribano, head of the Blandengues Cavalry. The city was the site of an 1839 rebellion against the dictatorial regime of Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas; the uprising, known as the Libres del Sur ("Freemen of the South") ended in defeat following a battle on November 7. The Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway line arrived at the town in 1865, and Chascomús was recognized as a city and department by the Provincial Legislature in 1873.
Former Argentine President Raúl Alfonsín and his wife, former First Lady María Lorenza Barreneche, were both born in the city. Other natives include Argentine professional tennis player Carlos Berlocq, as well as the cyclists Juan José Haedo and Lucas Sebastián Haedo.
- "Murió María Lorenza Barreneche, la viuda de Raúl Alfonsín". La Nación. 2016-01-06. Retrieved 2016-01-10.
Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
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- (Spanish) Municipal website
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