Chaser in 2013
|Born||April 28, 2004|
Pauline, South Carolina, U.S.
|Died||July 23, 2019 (aged 15)|
Spartanburg, South Carolina, U.S.
|Owner||John W. Pilley|
Chaser (April 28, 2004 – July 23, 2019) was a Border Collie with the largest tested memory of any non-human animal. Chaser worked with Professor John W. Pilley, at his home in Spartanburg, South Carolina, from eight weeks old, until Pilley's death in June 2018. Pilley spent that time training her in a formal research project. Chaser could identify and retrieve 1,022 toys by name.
Chaser had the largest tested memory of any non-human animal. She was bred by Wayne West at his Fleet Hill Farms in Pauline, South Carolina. She was taught by her owner, Wofford College Professor Emeritus of Psychology John W. Pilley, with the formal research published in Elsevier's journals Behavioural Processes and Learning and Motivation.
Chaser could identify and retrieve 1,022 toys by name, which was the foundation for her vocabulary. She began to understand that objects have names at five months of age. At this point, she became able to pair a novel object with a novel name in only one trial, although rehearsal was necessary to log it into her long term memory. She recognized common nouns such as house, tree and ball, as well as adverbs, verbs and prepositional objects. Based on that learning, she and her owner and trainer Pilley continued her training, demonstrating her ability to understand sentences with multiple elements of grammar and to learn new behaviors by imitation.
Chaser could also learn new words by "inferential reasoning by exclusion", that is, inferring the name of a new object by excluding objects whose names she already knew.
On Sunday, June 17, 2018, John W. Pilley, died in Spartanburg, South Carolina. A professor and a scientist, he was recognized for his research in canine cognition, the latest example being with Chaser. After Pilley's death, Chaser lived with her former owner's daughters, Deb Pilley Bianchi and Robin Pilley, as well as his wife, Sally Pilley. Deb Pilley Bianchi is completing a second book that she and John Pilley were writing before he died, which has a working title of "A World of Chaser's".
On July 23, 2019, Chaser died from natural causes, at the age of 15 years, in her home in Spartanburg, South Carolina. Just prior to Pilley's 76th birthday, his wife had given Chaser to him as a present. "She came to me when she was eight weeks old and had been with us ever since", Sally Pilley said. "We were playing with her out in the front yard one day, and a red Jeep came flying past us and she went flying out after the car so we decided to name her Chaser."
- Alex, a grey parrot known for intelligent use of speech
- Ayumu, a chimpanzee who can remember number sequences better than university students
- Betsy, a border collie known to understand over 340 words
- Rico, a border collie who was reported to understand over 200 words
- Koko, a gorilla who learned sign language
- Kanzi, a bonobo who learned language through keyboard lexigrams
- Nicholas Wade (January 27, 2011). "Sit. Stay. Parse. Good Girl!". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-01-18.
- "Smartest Dog". Popular Science. December 22, 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-27.
Psychologist John Pilley of Wofford College in Spartanburg, S.C., wanted to test the boundaries of the canine brain focusing on human language, so he taught Chaser the names of 1,022 toys, one by one, for three years. New Scientist reports that he got her to fetch the toy and then he repeated the name to reinforce her understanding.
- John W. Pilley; Alliston K. Reid (2011). "Border collie comprehends object names as verbal referents" (PDF). Behavioural Processes. 86 (2): 184–195. doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2010.11.007. PMID 21145379.
- Pilley, John W. (November 2013). "Border collie comprehends sentences containing a prepositional object, verb, and direct object". Learning and Motivation. 44 (4): 229–240. doi:10.1016/j.lmot.2013.02.003.
- Dr. John W. Pilley & Hilary Hinzmann (2014). Chaser: Unlocking the Genius of the Dog Who Knows 1000 Words. Mariner Books. ISBN 9780544334595.
- "Wofford College". Dr. John Pilley, professor emeritus, passes away. www.wofford.edu. Retrieved July 29, 2019.
- "Chaser the smartest dog in the world". Chaser the border collie. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
- Derrick Bryson Taylor (July 27, 2019). "Border Collie Trained to Recognize 1,022 Nouns Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019-09-15.
- Lavender, Chris. "World famous dog Chaser dies at 15". GoUpstate.com. Retrieved July 26, 2019.