Chashma Nuclear Power Plant

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Chashma Nuclear Power Plant
Official nameChashma Nuclear Power Complex
LocationChashma, Kundian, Punjab
Coordinates32°23′25″N 71°27′45″E / 32.39028°N 71.46250°E / 32.39028; 71.46250Coordinates: 32°23′25″N 71°27′45″E / 32.39028°N 71.46250°E / 32.39028; 71.46250
Construction began1 August 1993 (1993-08-01)
Commission dateUnit 1: 15 September 2000
Unit 2: 14 March 2011
Construction costUnit 2: US$0.86 billion
Unit 3 & 4 total: US$2.37 billion
Owner(s)Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC)
Nuclear power station
Reactor typePWR
Reactor supplierSino-Pak Nuclear Technology Consortium (SPNTC)
Cooling sourceChashma Lake, Indus River
Power generation
Units operational2 × 325 MW 2 x 340 MW
Units planned1 × 1100 MW
Nameplate capacity1330 MW
Annual net output4200 GW·h

The Chashma Nuclear Power Plant (CHASNUPP) or Chashma Nuclear Power Complex, near Chashma Colony and Kundian town, Mianwali District, Punjab, Pakistan, is a commercial nuclear power plant consisting of four operating units (CHASHNUPP-I, CHASHNUPP-II, CHASHNUPP-III and CHASHNUPP-IV) and one planned unit (CHASHNUPP-V). Chashma Nuclear Power Plant reactors and other facilities are being built and operated by the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) with Chinese support under the approval and guidelines of International Atomic Energy Agency.

The IAEA as well as the United States Department of Energy recognised the urgency of Pakistan's energy needs, which is expected to grow seven to eight times by 2030.

In November 2006, The International Atomic Energy Agency approved an agreement with the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission for new nuclear power plants to be built in the country with Chinese assistance. The 35-member Board of Governors of the IAEA unanimously approved the safeguards agreement for any future Nuclear Power Plants that Pakistan will be constructing.[1][2]

Unit 1[edit]

The 325 MW unit 1 (CHASNUPP-I) is a pressurised water reactor that began commercial operation in May 2000.[3] It is an CNP-300 nuclear reactor design like the other 3 units in the Chashma Nuclear Power Plant, and the first Chinese export of a nuclear power plant.[4]

Unit 2[edit]

The 325 MW unit 2, (CHASNUPP-II) is like CHASNUPP-I. Unit 2 was officially inaugurated on 10 May 2011 by former Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani.[3][5]

Unit 3[edit]

On 28 April 2009 a general engineering and design contract for CHASNUPP-3 and CHASNUPP-4 was signed with Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research and Design Institute (SNERDI). The units will both have generation capacity of 340 MW and a design life of 40 years.On 6 March 2013 the dome of the third reactor was lifted into place.

The 340 MW Unit 3 (CHASNUPP-3) was officially inaugurated on 28 December 2016 by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.

The reactor type is CNP-300.[6]

Unit 4[edit]

CHASHNUPP-4 has been connected to national grid on 29 June 2017.[7] Formal inauguration is to be held on 8 September 2017 by Prime Minister of Pakistan, Shahid Khaqan Abbasi.

The reactor type is also CNP-300.[6]

Unit 5[edit]

In March 2013, Pakistan and China agreed to build a fifth unit (CHASNUPP-5). It will be an ACP-1000.[8] China National Nuclear Corporation and the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission had signed a cooperation agreement for the construction of a 1,100 MW ACP1000 (Hualong One) nuclear reactor at the Chashma nuclear power plant in Punjab province in Pakistan.[9]

Nuclear Engineering Training centre[edit]

The complex has its own training establishment, known as CHASCENT (CHASNUPP Center of Nuclear Training). CHASCENT houses a Full Scope Training Simulator (FSTS) for CHASNUPP-1 and a similar facility for CHASNUPP-2 is under construction. The simulator is used for providing training to the nuclear power plant operators. Apart from training nuclear plant operators the centre offers various engineering programs at diploma and degree levels. The centre is currently in a phase of expansion to cater to an ever-increasing demand for quality technicians and engineers within PAEC.It is largest Nuclear hub of Pakistan.

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b "PM inaugurates 330MW Chashma-2 N-power plant". The News International. 13 May 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
  4. ^ Info on CNP-300 at Ux Consulting
  5. ^ "China to build 2,200 MW N-power facility for Pakistan". Pakistan Observer. 27 July 2013. Archived from the original on 15 June 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  6. ^ a b Nuclear Power in Pakistan, World Nuclear Association
  7. ^
  8. ^ China, Pakistan reach controversial deal on nuclear power plant
  9. ^ China ‘to build third Hualong One nuclear reactor’ in Pakistan

External links[edit]