Chasmanthe floribunda

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African flag, Kangaroo paws
Chasmanthe floribunda 1.jpg
Chasmanthe floribunda
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
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Species:
C. floribunda
Binomial name
Chasmanthe floribunda
Synonyms[1]
  • Antholyza floribunda Salisb.
  • Petamenes floribunda (Salisb.) E.Phillips
  • Antholyza praealta Redouté

Chasmanthe floribunda is a species of flowering plants in the iris family which is known by the common name African flag. This plant is endemic to Cape Province in South Africa, but it has been introduced to other areas of similar climate, and is considered to be naturalized in California, Algeria, Australia, Argentina, and St. Helena.[1][2][3][4][5]

Chasmanthe floribunda is a perennial sprouting from a corm and producing clumps of long, narrow leaves. It erects one thin, tall stem which may approach a meter in height. Atop the stem is a spike inflorescence holding 20 to 40 flowers in neat vertical rows. The flower is a curving tube with a long upper lobe curving down over smaller lobes. From the mouth of the flower protrude the stamens with their large, hanging anthers, and the style. The flower is generally bright orange-red or scarlet on the upper lobe and yellow to orange in the lower lobes.

Varieties[1]
  1. Chasmanthe floribunda var. duckittii G.J.Lewis ex L.Bolus
  2. Chasmanthe floribunda var. floribunda – Yellow cobra lily

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Cooke, D.A. (1986). Flora of Australia 46: i-xii, 1-247. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  3. ^ Hurrell, J.A. & Delucchi, G. (2005). Iridaceae Ixioideae adventicias en la Argentina. Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica 40: 289-296.
  4. ^ Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map

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