Chasmanthium

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Woodoats
Chasmanthium latifolium-spikelet.jpg
Chasmanthium latifolium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Chasmanthieae
Genus: Chasmanthium
Link[1]
Type species
Chasmanthium gracile
(Michx.) Link[2]
Synonyms[3]

Gouldochloa J.Valdés, Morden & S.L.Hatch

Chasmanthium is a genus of North American plants in the grass family.[4][5]

Members of the genus are commonly known as woodoats.[6] One species, Chasmanthium latifolium, is commonly cultivated.[4]

The generic name is derived from the Greek words χάσμα (chasma), meaning "wide opening," and ἀνθός (anthos), meaning "flower."[7]

Species[3][6][8][9][10]
  1. Chasmanthium curvifolium (Valdés-Reyna, Morden & S.L.Hatch) Wipff & S.D.Jones - Tamaulipas
  2. Chasmanthium latifolium (Michx.) H.O.Yates - Indian Woodoats - central + southeastern United States (TX + FL to NE + NJ), plus isolated populations in Manitoba, Arizona, New Mexico, Nuevo León
  3. Chasmanthium laxum (L.) H.O.Yates - Slender Woodoats - southeastern + south-central United States (TX + FL to NY)
  4. Chasmanthium nitidum (Baldw.) Yates - Shiny Woodoats - southeastern United States (AL GA FL NC SC)
  5. Chasmanthium ornithorhynchum (Steud.) Yates - Birdbill Woodoats - southeastern United States (LA MS AL FL NC SC)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Genus: Chasmanthium Link". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1999-03-09. Retrieved 2010-11-06. 
  2. ^ Tropicos, Chasmanthium Link
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ a b Steve Christman. "#759 Chasmanthium latifolium". Floridata. 
  5. ^ Link, Johann Heinrich Friedrich. 1827. Hortus Regius Botanicus Berolinensis 1: 159
  6. ^ a b "Chasmanthium". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2012-04-26. 
  7. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2006). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology. Vol. 1. CRC Press. p. 460. ISBN 9780849313035. 
  8. ^ The Plant List search for Chasmanthium
  9. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
  10. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Chasmanthium". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-11-06. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Chasmanthium at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Chasmanthium at Wikispecies