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Chatham, New Jersey

Coordinates: 40°44′26″N 74°23′04″W / 40.740686°N 74.38448°W / 40.740686; -74.38448
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Chatham, New Jersey
Main Street in Downtown Chatham
Main Street in Downtown Chatham
Chatham is located in Morris County, New Jersey
Location in Morris County
Chatham is located in New Jersey
Location in New Jersey
Chatham is located in the United States
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°44′26″N 74°23′04″W / 40.740686°N 74.38448°W / 40.740686; -74.38448
Country United States
State New Jersey
MunicipalitiesChatham Borough and Chatham Township
Named forWilliam Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP code

"The Chathams" (/æt.əm/, CHAT-əm) is a term used in reference to shared services for two neighboring municipalities in Morris County, New Jersey, United States – Chatham Borough and Chatham Township. The two are separate municipalities, though act much like one cohesive community (hence "The Chathams"). The first, a town that was settled in 1710 as a colonial English village in the Province of New Jersey, that in 1773 adopted a name change to "Chatham".

There are numerous references to this village as "Chatham, New Jersey" dating from that time. The second, more southern, without a town center, and less densely populated, is the vestige of a regional government that was formed in 1806 as a township, a form of municipal government peculiar to the state of New Jersey. It had jurisdiction over a region including a large area of open space and several villages. One of those, the village of Chatham, dating from 1710, was the source for its name, Chatham Township.

Chatham Township shares various joint public services with Chatham Borough: the school district, the library, the municipal court, the medical emergency squad, and recreation program.

In 2012, Forbes.com listed Chatham as 375th in its listing of "America's Most Expensive ZIP Codes", with a median home price of $776,703.[1] In March 2018, Bloomberg ranked Chatham as the 64th wealthiest place in the United States, and the 8th wealthiest in New Jersey.[2]


Historic William Day House

The newly established, post-Revolutionary War state of New Jersey went through several stages setting out how its local governments would be structured. Once boroughs became available after 1878, Chatham Township lost all but one of the villages between 1889 and 1899, including Chatham Borough (settled in 1710), that had been drawn into it in 1806 as they seceded.[3]

Only Green Village, another early town like Chatham that dates to colonial times, was left under jurisdiction of "Chatham Township".

On August 19, 1892, the citizens of Chatham reincorporated with another type of village government offered as an alternative within townships by New Jersey. The village of Chatham then reincorporated for governance as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 1, 1897 with complete independence from Chatham Township.[3]

The Continental Army’s First Winter Encampment January – May 1777 in the Lowantica Valley (modern spelling Loantaka ) Morris County, Chatham Township, New Jersey. After successfully crossing the Delaware Ricer, with subsequent battles in Trenton and Princeton, General Washington marched to Morristown, NJ and made his headquarters in Arnold’s Tavern on the Morristown Green. Most of the army was sent a few miles southeast to the Lowantica Valley (modern spelling Loantaka) in present day Chatham Township. Site is North of Loantaka Brook, East of Tredwell Avenue West of Giralda Farms. In 2016, the Morris County Park Commission and the Chatham Township Historical Society began working together to reclaim the area and create trails and apply for grants for informational signage.[4][5][6]

Shared services


Chatham Borough and Chatham Township share various joint public services: the school district (School District of the Chathams, created in 1986), the library (since 1974), the municipal court (created 2010), the medical emergency squad (since 1936), and the decades long, recreation program.

Public schools


Chatham Borough and Chatham Township held elections in November 1986 to consider joining their separate school districts. This proposal was supported by the voters of both municipalities and they now share a regionalized school district, the School District of the Chathams.

Elementary schools

  • Milton Avenue School. Grades Pre-K - 3. Principal - Kristen Crawford. For the 2014-15 school year, the Milton Avenue School was recognized with a Blue Ribbon School Award by the United States Department of Education, the highest award an American school can receive.[7]
  • Southern Boulevard School. Grades K - 3. Principal - Marco Freyre.
  • Washington Avenue School. Grades K - 3. Principal - Kristine Dudlo.
  • Lafayette School. Grades 4 & 5. Principal - Cheryl Russo.

Middle school

  • Chatham Middle School Grades 6 - 8. Principal - Anthony "Tony" Orsini. Vice Principals - Peter "Pete" Trebour and Sean Devine.

High school

  • Chatham High School. Grades 9 - 12. Principal - Douglas "Doug" Walker. Vice Principals - Lori Gironda and Connor Henderson.

For the 2004-05 school year, the high school was recognized with a Blue Ribbon School Award by the United States Department of Education, the highest award an American school can receive.[7]

The school was the 20th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 328 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2012 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 8th in 2010 out of 322 schools listed.[8] It was the 12th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 316 schools statewide, in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2006 cover story on the state's Top Public High Schools.[9]


Library building on Main Street in Chatham Borough

A library was founded in Chatham Borough in 1907. Located in a number of different shared buildings, a site for a separate building for the library was chosen after the Fairview Hotel on Main Street burned down. The hotel land was bought after a borough-wide solicitations of funds that was proposed by Charles M. Lum, after whose family Lum Avenue is named, and a brick building was constructed to house the library. John H. Eastwood of Belleville, New Jersey, a client of R. E. Lum, bequeathed $30,000 upon his death in 1924 for the construction of the library as a memorial to his own father, John H. Eastwood Sr., and Ralph E. Lum’s father, Frederick H. Lum, who were close friends. The building was dedicated as the Chatham Public Library, and it opened to the public in 1924. Residents of Chatham Borough were able to join. This location continues to house the library.[10]

As the population of Chatham Township began to grow in the 1960s, services were extended to students in the township elementary school. In 1974, a referendum was placed on the November ballot for Jointure, which was to form a library for both towns. The measure passed and the library began to serve all township residents as well. The library, renamed the Library of The Chathams, now serves both municipalities.

The library is administered by six trustees, who are appointed jointly by the councils of both municipalities and their mayors (or their representatives), as well as a representative from the joint school district.[10]

In 1985 the library joined the Morris Automated Information Network (MAIN), an electronic database linking together all the public libraries in Morris County. An expansion costing nearly $4,000,000 (with the governments of both Chatham Borough and Chatham Township contributing a combined $2,000,000) was completed and dedicated on January 11, 2004.[10]

The library also has a 9/11 memorial with 7 doves to represent the 7 citizens who lost their lives in the September 11 attacks.[11]

Municipal court


Chatham Township and Chatham Borough are members of the Borough of Madison Joint Municipal Court, which also has jurisdiction over Harding Township. The joint court was created in 2010 and is located in Madison.[12][13]

Emergency services


The Chatham Emergency Squad, which operates from two buildings, one in the Borough and one in the Township, provides emergency and non-emergency response for medical services, assistance for seniors and the disabled, and ambulance transportation to area hospitals and local nursing homes. All volunteer, squad members are certified by the state of New Jersey as Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs).[14]

When first established in 1936, it drew its members from the Chatham Fire Department. Its limited membership made it unable to meet the increasing demand for its growing services for Chatham Borough and Chatham Township.[15]

In early 1951, the Chatham Borough Council was petitioned to authorize reorganization of the Squad as a unit independent of the Fire Department. The Chatham Emergency Squad, Inc. was then established as an independent corporation. It could then draw on regular citizens from the Chathams for membership.[15]

Chatham Borough has one building for its medical squad members (North Passaic Avenue) and another for its firefighting personnel (Fire House Plaza) — both centered in Chatham Village.

Chatham Township has a building for its medical squad members in Rolling Hill. Due to its sweeping landscape and the Great Swamp, Chatham Township is served by three departments: one on River Road (below The Highlands, on the edge of town bordering with New Providence), one on Southern Boulevard (near Wickham Woods), and the last in Green Village (on Green Village Road).



The Chatham Recreation is a joint venture of Chatham Borough Recreation and Chatham Township Recreation. It coordinates its activities with the Chatham Borough Council, the Chatham Township Committee, and the School District of the Chathams.[16]

It offers a variety of indoor and outdoor recreational and sports activities at various municipal buildings, parks, fields, gyms, and school locations. It employs volunteers for supervision and refereeing of these activities.



Between Chatham Borough and Chatham Township, a number of distinguished neighborhoods exist — each with unique characteristics. Highly common throughout, however, are tree-lined streets, belgian block curbs, and manicured lawns. The 07928 zip code itself is highly sought after, with some Chatham residents being amongst some of the wealthiest in New Jersey. Across "The Chathams", the median home value lies at $976,200 (as of 2022) — up from $876,400 the year prior.[17]

Chatham Borough is home to Chatham Village, Haaside, the Manor Section, Manor Woods, Mansion Row, Mount Stanley, Upper Washington, and Washington. Within Chatham Borough, the median home value lies at $944,600 (as of 2022).[18]

Conversely, Chatham Township is home to Chatham Heights, Floral Hill, High Gate, Rolling Hill, The Highlands, and Wickham Woods. Within Chatham Township, the median home value lies at $1,025,300 (as of 2022).[19]

See also


For other groups of similarly named municipalities in New Jersey, see:


  1. ^ Brennan, Morgan. "America's Most Expensive ZIP Codes 2012", Forbes, October 16, 2012. Accessed February 18, 2020.
  2. ^ "These Are the 100 Richest Places in America". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2023-05-24.
  3. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. pp. 191-2. Accessed April 25, 2012.
  4. ^ NJ.com, Mark Di Ionno | NJ Advance Media for (2016-05-18). "New Jersey's Revolutionary War history unearthed | Di Ionno". nj. Retrieved 2024-02-18.
  5. ^ https://www.chathamtownshiphistoricalsociety.org/uploads/3/4/5/6/34564920/encampmentannouncement2.pdf
  6. ^ Ring, Trudy; Watson, Noelle; Schellinger, Paul (2013-11-05). The Americas: International Dictionary of Historic Places. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-25930-4.
  7. ^ a b Blue Ribbon Schools Program: Schools Recognized 2003 Through 2005, accessed May 15, 2006
  8. ^ Staff. "The Top New Jersey High Schools: Alphabetical", New Jersey Monthly, August 16, 2012. Accessed September 23, 2012.
  9. ^ Top Public High Schools in New Jersey Archived 2007-02-06 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Monthly, September 2006
  10. ^ a b c Library of the Chathams – History Archived January 4, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Remaly, Jake (11 September 2013). "9/11 Ceremony Will Honor Chatham Residents". Editor. Patch. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
  12. ^ Township Committee Meeting Minutes, December 16, 2010[permanent dead link], Chatham Township. Accessed June 12, 2013.
  13. ^ Joint Municipal Court Archived September 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Borough of Madison. Accessed June 12, 2013.
  14. ^ Chatham Emergency Squad - What We Do Archived 2013-08-22 at the Wayback Machine, Chatham Emergency Squad. Accessed June 12, 2013.
  15. ^ a b Chatham Emergency Squad - History Archived 2013-08-22 at the Wayback Machine, Chatham Emergency Squad. Accessed June 12, 2013.
  16. ^ Chatham Recreation, Chatham Borough Recreation and Chatham Township Joint Recreation. Accessed June 12, 2013.
  17. ^ Census Reporter: 07928. https://censusreporter.org/profiles/86000US07928-07928.
  18. ^ Census Reporter: Chatham borough, New Jersey. https://censusreporter.org/profiles/06000US3402712100-chatham-borough-morris-county-nj.
  19. ^ Census Reporter: Chatham township, New Jersey. https://censusreporter.org/profiles/06000US3402712130-chatham-township-morris-county-nj.


  • The New Jersey municipal data book ed. by Ruth R. Hornor. Palo Alto, CA: Information Publications, 2005. Entries on Chatham Borough and Chatham Township.