Chatham bellbird

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Chatham bellbird
Anthornis.melanocephalus.jpg

Extinct  (1906) (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Meliphagidae
Genus: Anthornis
Species: A. melanocephala
Binomial name
Anthornis melanocephala
G.R. Gray, 1843
NZOffshoreIslandsMap.png
Chatham Islands (top right) in relation to other New Zealand Outlying Islands

The Chatham bellbird (Anthornis melanocephala) is an extinct species of bird in the family Meliphagidae. It was endemic to the Chatham Islands.

Nest

In appearance it was very similar to the New Zealand bellbird (Anthornis melanura) but was considerably larger. Also the whole of the head and neck was brightly glossed in purplish or steel-blue.[2]

It was last observed in 1906 on Little Mangere Island. The population was likely impacted by the introduction of a disease as there was a sudden population decline before the onset of other disturbances such as rats, cats and specimen collectors.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Anthornis melanocephala". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ A History of the Birds of New Zealand by Walter Buller, 1888

External links[edit]