Chatham bellbird

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Chatham bellbird
Anthornis.melanocephalus.jpg

Extinct  (1906) (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Meliphagidae
Genus: Anthornis
Species: A. melanocephala
Binomial name
Anthornis melanocephala
G.R. Gray, 1843
NZOffshoreIslandsMap.png
Chatham Islands (top right) in relation to other New Zealand Outlying Islands

The Chatham bellbird (Anthornis melanocephala) is an extinct species of bird in the family Meliphagidae. It was endemic to the Chatham Islands.

Nest
Chatham Island bellbird specimen in the Auckland Museum collection.
Chatham Island bellbird (Anthornis melanocephala) specimen from the Auckland Museum collection.

In appearance it was very similar to the New Zealand bellbird (Anthornis melanura) but was considerably larger. Also the whole of the head and neck was brightly glossed in purplish or steel-blue.[2]

It was last observed in 1906 on Little Mangere Island. The population was likely impacted by the introduction of a disease as there was a sudden population decline before the onset of other disturbances such as rats, cats and specimen collectors.

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