|Chinese||伞/傘, 伞盖/傘蓋 |
(Pinyin: sǎn, sǎn gài)
|Japanese||傘, 傘蓋 |
(rōmaji: san/kasa, sangai)
|Korean||산(傘), 산개(傘蓋) |
(RR: san, sangae)
|Tibetan||རིནཆེན་གདུགས, གདུགས་ནི། |
(rin chen gdugs, gdugs ni)
|Glossary of Buddhism|
The chatra in various traditions
According to Hindu mythology, it is the emblem of Varuna, also considered an embodiment of kingship. Chatra is also a deity, yidam and ishta-devata. In various Dharmic traditions it is an accoutrement of chakravartin. A number of deities are depicted with chatra, and they include Revanta, Surya, and Vishnu (in his Vamana avatar). The chatra is cordoned amongst the symbols that approach universality within the numerous octavalent suites or sets of Ashtamangala, e.g., in the Digambar Jain tradition, and the Vajrayana tradition.
In Vajrayana Buddhism, the umbrella or parasol is included in the 'Eight Auspicious Signs' or Ashtamangala.
A modern statue of Chandragupta Maurya under a chatra.
"Nobapadol Mahasvetachatra" (nine-tiered-white-umbrella) over the funeral pyre of King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
- Also chatraratna (Sanskrit: छत्ररत्न "jewelled/precious parasol"
- Sarat Chandra Das (1902). Tibetan-English Dictionary with Sanskrit Synonyms. Calcutta, India: Bengal Secretariat Book Depot, p.69
- NTUC Fairprice, Royal Umbrella Fragrant Rice 5KG, 2017.
- Osmund Bopearachchi, Emergence of Viṣṇu and Śiva Images in India: Numismatic and Sculptural Evidence, 2016.
- Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend (ISBN 0-500-51088-1) by Anna Dallapiccola
- General Buddhist Symbols
- Media related to Chatra at Wikimedia Commons
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