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Chatswood, New South Wales

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"Chatswood" redirects here. For the suburb of Auckland, see Chatswood, New Zealand.
Chatswood
SydneyNew South Wales
Chatswood aerial view.jpg
Aerial view of Chatswood and surroundings
Population 21,194 (2011 census)[1]
 • Density 7,310/km2 (18,900/sq mi)
Established 1876
Postcode(s) 2067
Area 2.9 km2 (1.1 sq mi)
Location 10 km (6 mi) north of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) City of Willoughby
State electorate(s) Willoughby
Federal Division(s) North Sydney, Bradfield
Suburbs around Chatswood:
Roseville Castle Cove Middle Cove
Chatswood West Chatswood North Willoughby
Lane Cove Artarmon Willoughby

Chatswood is a white collar residential and commercial business district in the Lower North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia 10 kilometres north of the Sydney central business district. It is the administrative centre of the local government area of the City of Willoughby.

History

Victoria Avenue in 1900

Chatswood was named after Charlotte Harnett, wife of then Mayor of Willoughby and a pioneer of the district, Richard Harnett, and the original "wooded" nature of the area.[when?] The moniker derives from her nickname "Chattie"[2] and was shortened from Chattie's Wood to Chatswood.[when?]

Residential settlement of Chatswood began in 1876 and grew with the installation of the North Shore railway line in 1890 and also increased with the opening of the Harbour Bridge in 1932.[3]

Chatswood Post Office opened on 1 August 1879, closed in 1886 and reopened in 1887.[4]

In 1900, Chatswood was easily accessible by public transport. In 1903 the Council Chambers moved from Mowbray Road to Victoria Ave.

At this time Chatswood's history contained orchards and dairy farms on the west side of the train station as well as factories such Dairy Farmers Inc and Three Threes Pickle Factory on what was then Gordon Road ( now the Pacific Hwy)

Chatswood has a rich history of artists who have contributed to Australian culture such as poet Banjo Patterson, poet Kenneth Slessor, artist Arthur Murch, cricketer Victor Trumper, actor Ruth Cracknell, and pianist Roger Woodward all of whom have called Chatswood home.

Other notable Australians who were educated in Chatswood include cricketer Mark Taylor, former Prime Minister Gough Whitlam, painter/artist Brett Whiteley, opera singer Yvonne Kenny to name but a few.

Chatswood was declared a town centre in 1983 and a City in 1989.

Economy

Chatswood is one of the North Shore's major commercial and retail districts.

Corporate headquarters

The Australian headquarters of CSR Limited, Smith's Snackfood, Abigroup, Coffey, Pepsico and Carter Holt Harvey[5] as well as offices of Nortel Networks, Optus, Lenovo, NEC, Leighton Contractors, Huawei and Cisco Systems are located in Chatswood. A number of high-density residential towers are also located in Chatswood.

Victoria Avenue pedestrian mall, facing west towards Chatswood railway station

Retail and shopping

Chatswood has two major shopping centres, Chatswood Chase and Westfield Chatswood. There are also a few smaller shopping centres such as Mandarin Centre and Chatswood Interchange.

Outdoor markets

The Melody Markets are held each Thursday and Friday in Chatswood Mall, Victoria Avenue and feature food and craft stalls, and live music.

Commercial centre of Chatswood

Restaurants and cafes

Chatswood has a wide variety of restaurants and cafes and is known as a major dining destination in the Lower North Shore of Sydney. There are a large number of Chinese (including Cantonese), Japanese and Korean restaurants and eateries.[6]

Hotels

There are many hotels in Chatswood: The Mantra, near Chatswood railway station and The Sebel, near Westfield shopping centre as well as the brand new [2015] Meriton Serviced Apartments Chatswood. The Chatswood Club, located on Help Street adjacent to Pacific Highway, is a venue hall which caters to weddings, birthdays, cocktail parties, and other age-appropriate festivities.

Transport

Sydney Trains Chatswood railway station is the junction of the Hornsby via Macquarie Park and Berowra via Gordon branches of the North Shore, Northern & Western Line of the Sydney Trains network. Rail services run south to the Sydney CBD and continue west to Strathfield and beyond. Rail services run north to Hornsby and peak hour services run to Gosford, Wyong and Newcastle. The station became a junction when the Epping to Chatswood railway line opened in 2009, connecting Chatswood to Epping.

Sydney Metro The new Sydney Metro project which is currently under construction will include a stop at Chatswood Station. This project will deliver 65 km of new high capacity metro standard rail line for Sydney.

Stage 1 of the Metro project, Sydney Metro Northwest, will open in the first half of 2019 with a metro train every four minutes in the peak. The line will begin at Cudgegong Road – Rouse Hill – Kellyville – Bella Vista – Norwest – Showground – Castle Hill – Cherrybrook – Epping – Macquarie University – Macquarie Park – North Ryde – and ends at Chatswood. Total length of the Sydney Metro Northwest section will be 36 km. This section of the Sydney Metro will be managed and run by Hong Kong-based MTR Corporation and will utilise fully automated driverless trains.

Stage 2 of the Metro project, Sydney Metro Sydney & Southwest, is in the initial stages of planning and is scheduled to open in 2024 with the capacity to run a metro train every 2 minutes each way through the centre of Sydney. The Sydney Metro Sydney & Southwest section of the Sydney Metro project will begin at Chatswood - Crows Nest - Victoria Cross - Barangaroo - Martin Place - Pitt Street - Central - Waterloo - Sydenham.

Sydney Buses Chatswood is a major bus terminus with services to Bondi Junction, Sydney, North Sydney, Mosman, Balmoral Beach, Manly, Warringah Mall/Brookvale, UTS Ku-ring-gai, Belrose, Narrabeen, Mona Vale, Eastwood, Gladesville, West Ryde, North Ryde, Macquarie University, Macquarie Park, Castle Hill, Parramatta and Dundas. An interstate bus service between Sydney and Brisbane via the North Coast stops at Chatswood.

Roads Major roads through Chatswood include the Pacific Highway, Mowbray Road, Boundary Street, Willoughby Road, Eastern Valley Way and Victoria Avenue. The latter forms a pedestrian mall for the section running through the main retail area.

Demographics

Victoria Ave and Archer St, view towards Chatswood Station

In the 2011 Australian census, the total population of Chatswood was 21,194 people; 10,068 (47%) were male and 11,126 (53%) were female. The number of residents born in Australia was 7,850. Of those born overseas, the most common countries were China (excluding Hong Kong and Macau) (2,888), South Korea (1,642), Hong Kong (1,148), UK (598), and Taiwan (526).

In the 2011 Census, the most common responses for religion in Chatswood were No Religion 31.2% (6,607), Catholic 20.5% (4,347), Anglican 10.4% (2,211), Buddhism 7.6% (1,601 ) and Presbyterian and Reformed 4.2% (899).[1]

Culture

The Concourse Chatswood

The Willoughby Spring Festival is an annual event in Chatswood, held in September each year. The festival is the second-largest in Lower Northern Sydney and is intended as testimony to a modern, multicultural and prosperous Chatswood. The festival showcases music, theatre, live performances, outdoor events, kids' events and visual arts. For more information visit Spring Festival.

Willoughby Theatre Company (formerly Willoughby Musical Society) is based in Chatswood. It specialises in musical theatre. Chatswood Musical Society also performs musical theatre, but their events are staged in Pymble. The Zenith Theatre stages both musicals and drama.

The Willoughby Symphony Orchestra is based in Chatswood.

Two dance companies share the Dance and Music Centre.

A Chinese Cultural Centre has existed since 1996.[7]

The Willoughby Historical Society runs the Willoughby Museum in Boronia, a Federation cottage in South Chatswood.

A new cultural centre called The Concourse, Chatswood was commissioned by Willoughby Council in 2007 and was completed in 2011. It includes a 5,000 m² library, Chatswood Library, a 1,000-seat concert hall, 500-seat theatre, exhibition spaces, commercial spaces, cafes and restaurants. The Concourse was opened on September 11 by the Governor of NSW, Her Excellency Professor Marie Bashir AC CVO. For more information on The Concourse visit [1]

Schools

Skyline of Chatswood, facing north.

Chatswood has both public and private primary and secondary schools. These include:

  • Chatswood High School (Years 7–12). Originally a boys' school with a Cadet Corps until the 1950s when it changed to a coeducational school.
  • Chatswood Public School (Years K–6). Opened in 1883.
  • St Pius X College (Years 5–12) originally called Christian Brothers.
  • Our Lady of Dolours Catholic Primary School (years K–6)
  • Mercy Catholic College (years 7–12) originally called St Catherine's.
  • Mowbray House School operated in Chatswood from 1906 until its closure in 1954.
  • Church of England Girls' School Chatswood operated until war time period.

Churches

Sports clubs

Climate

Climate data for Chatswood
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.5
(79.7)
26.4
(79.5)
25.2
(77.4)
22.7
(72.9)
19.6
(67.3)
17.2
(63)
16.7
(62.1)
18.3
(64.9)
20.7
(69.3)
22.7
(72.9)
24.2
(75.6)
25.7
(78.3)
22.2
(72)
Average low °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
17.7
(63.9)
16.1
(61)
12.9
(55.2)
9.9
(49.8)
7.7
(45.9)
6.4
(43.5)
7.1
(44.8)
9.3
(48.7)
12.0
(53.6)
14.1
(57.4)
16.3
(61.3)
12.3
(54.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 105.7
(4.161)
109.9
(4.327)
126.6
(4.984)
107.7
(4.24)
106.2
(4.181)
116.3
(4.579)
85.2
(3.354)
72.3
(2.846)
62.6
(2.465)
76.0
(2.992)
78.7
(3.098)
83.3
(3.28)
1,131.6
(44.551)
Source: [8]

Parks

Chatswood Park and oval, Orchard Road

Chatswood Oval is located south of the railway station. Beauchamp Park, located on Nicholson Street, features a playground, an oval, a fenced dog area and a bike track. It was named after William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp, the Governor of New South Wales. In 2015 a memorial to the Armenian community was erected in the park. Another small but well-laid out park, with an industrial heritage theme, is the Mashman Park on Victoria Avenue at Septimus Street. This park pays tribute to the Mashmans brick and tile works that once stood there. Chatswood is close to Lane Cove National Park.

July 2016 saw the unveiling of Bartels Park in Chatswood West. Named in honour of the recently deceased former Willoughby Mayor Greg Bartels, the park is the former Edgar Street reserve.

The Garden of Remembrance celebrates the fallen men of the suburb who fought in the Boer War, World War 1, World War 2, The Korean War and Vietnam War. The roses were all grown from original cuttings of briar roses taken from the Somme region of France.

References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Chatswood (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 November 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.visitchatswood.com.au/history/chatswood/
  3. ^ http://www.willoughbydhs.org.au/History/index.html Willoughby District Historical Society
  4. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Contact." Carter Holt Harvey. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  6. ^ Menulog lists 43 restaurants (Sep 2008)
  7. ^ Celebrate 15 years of the Chinese Cultural Centre (NSW) with Explorations, Cultural and Natural, Willoughby City Council Press Release, 23 August 2011.
  8. ^ "Weatherzone". 

External links

Coordinates: 33°48′03″S 151°10′47″E / 33.80077°S 151.17960°E / -33.80077; 151.17960