|Motto: "A Great Place to Live And Retire "|
Location in Gadsden County and the state of Florida
|• Type||City Council Government|
|• City Manager||Lee Garner|
|• Total||5.7 sq mi (14.6 km2)|
|• Land||5.5 sq mi (14.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)|
|Elevation||236 ft (72 m)|
|• Density||576.7/sq mi (225.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0280346|
Chattahoochee is a city in Gadsden County, Florida, United States. The population was 3,287 at the 2000 census. According to the U.S Census estimates of 2005, the city had a population of 3,720.  It is part of the Tallahassee, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area.Chattahoochee sits on the banks of the Appalachicola River, and is separated by the Appalachicola and Victory bridges from neighboring Sneads Florida which is in Jackson County. Its local paper is the Twin City News which covers Sneads and Chattahoochee as well as the surrounding areas. Chattahoochee has its own police force with over ten sworn officers and a Police chief. Chattahoochee is a name derived from the Creek language meaning "marked rocks".
Chattahoochee is located at 30°42′N 84°51′W (30.703,-84.847).
The southern part of the city includes the community of River Junction at 30°41′N 84°50′W (30.686,-84.841). In the mid-1880s River Junction was established as a railroad connection point between the Florida Central & Western, later the Seaboard Air Line, and the Pensacola & Atlantic. The connecting trackage still survives.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Chattahoochee has a total area of 5.6 square miles (15 km2). 5.4 square miles (14 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (3.37%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,287 people, 1,035 households, and 675 families residing in the city. The population density was 602.7 inhabitants per square mile (232.9/km²). There were 1,188 housing units at an average density of 217.8 per square mile (84.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 50.71% White, 46.73% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.56% of the population.
There were 1,035 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 23.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.80.
In the city the population was spread out with 17.9% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 116.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,250, and the median income for a family was $35,139. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $24,531 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,265. About 21.0% of families and 26.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.5% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.
Florida State Hospital, the hospital involved in the famous United States Supreme Court decision, O'Connor v. Donaldson, is located within the City. The former arsenal and current Administration Building of Florida State Hospital is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (Building - #73000578) . The hospital was featured in a 1989 movie, Chattahoochee, starring Gary Oldman and Dennis Hopper, in which a war hero, Chris Calhoun, is involuntarily committed to Florida State Hospital where he sees doctors at the hospital humiliating patients and experiences filth and abuse.
- Roger Bailey, MLB pitcher for the Colorado Rockies
The 1989 film "Chattahoochee" is based on the Florida State Hospital and allegations of abuse on residents. The movie which starred Gary Oldman, and the late Dennis Hooper was not shot in Chattahoochee however.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "National Register of Historic Places - Gadsden County, Florida". Retrieved 2007-10-03.
- "Chattahoochee". imdb.com. Retrieved 2007-10-03.
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