Downtown Chattahoochee on U.S. Route 90
|Motto(s): "A Great Place to Live and Retire"|
Location in Gadsden County and the state of Florida
|• Type||City Council|
|• City Manager||Lee Garner|
|• Total||5.68 sq mi (14.72 km2)|
|• Land||5.50 sq mi (14.24 km2)|
|• Water||0.19 sq mi (0.48 km2)|
|Elevation||236 ft (72 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||3,152|
|• Density||573.40/sq mi (221.40/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0280346|
Chattahoochee is a city in Gadsden County, Florida, United States. The population was 3,652 as of the 2010 census, up from 3,287 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Tallahassee, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area. Chattahoochee sits on the banks of the Apalachicola River, and is separated by the Apalachicola and Victory bridges from neighboring Sneads, Florida, which is in Jackson County. Its local paper is the Twin City News, which covers Sneads and Chattahoochee as well as the surrounding areas. Chattahoochee has its own police force with over ten sworn officers and a police chief. Chattahoochee is a name derived from the Creek language meaning "marked rocks".
Chattahoochee is located in the northwest corner of Gadsden County at 30°42′N 84°51′W (30.703,-84.847). It is bordered to the west by the Apalachicola River, formed by the juncture of the Chattahoochee and Flint rivers within Lake Seminole just north of the city. The northern border of Chattahoochee follows the Florida–Georgia state line, and the Apalachicola River forms the Gadsden–Jackson county line.
U.S. Route 90 passes through the middle of Chattahoochee as Washington Street; it leads southeast 19 miles (31 km) to Quincy, the Gadsden County seat, and west 5 miles (8 km) to Sneads and 24 miles (39 km) to Marianna. Tallahassee, the state capital, is 43 miles (69 km) to the southeast. Main Street (Little Sycamore Road outside the city limits) leads south 6 miles (10 km) via Flat Creek Road to Interstate 10 at Exit 166.
The southern part of the city includes the community of River Junction at 30°41′N 84°50′W (30.686,-84.841). In the mid-1880s, River Junction was established as a railroad connection point between the Florida Central & Western, later the Seaboard Air Line, and the Pensacola & Atlantic. The connecting track survives.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Chattahoochee has a total area of 5.7 square miles (14.7 km2), of which 5.5 square miles (14.2 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2), or 3.30%, is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,287 people, 1,035 households, and 675 families residing in the city. The population density was 602.7 inhabitants per square mile (232.9/km²). There were 1,188 housing units at an average density of 217.8 per square mile (84.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 50.71% White, 46.73% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.56% of the population.
There were 1,035 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 23.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.80.
In the city, the population was spread out with 17.9% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 116.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 119.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $28,250, and the median income for a family was $35,139. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $24,531 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,265. About 21.0% of families and 26.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.5% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.
Florida State Hospital, the hospital involved in the famous United States Supreme Court decision O'Connor v. Donaldson, is located within the City. The former arsenal and current Administration Building of Florida State Hospital is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (Building - #73000578) . The hospital was featured in a 1989 movie, Chattahoochee, starring Gary Oldman and Dennis Hopper, in which a war hero, Chris Calhoun, is involuntarily committed to Florida State Hospital where he sees doctors at the hospital humiliating patients and experiences filth and abuse.
Government and infrastructure
The Chattahoochee Volunteer Fire Department operates one fire station.
Gadsden County School District operates public schools.
The community is served by Chattahoochee Elementary School. In Fall 2018 it will become a Pre-K to Kindergarten early learning center. Students in grades 1-3 will move to Greensboro Primary School and students in grades 4-5 will move to West Gadsden Middle School. The sole public high school of the county is Gadsden County High School (formerly East Gadsden High School).
Until 2004 Chattahoochee High School served as the community middle and high school. That year it consolidated into West Gadsden High School. As of 2017 East Gadsden became the only remaining zoned high school in the county due to the consolidation of West Gadsden High's high school section into East Gadsden High.
The 1989 film "Chattahoochee" is based on the Florida State Hospital and allegations of abuse on residents. The movie, which starred Gary Oldman and Dennis Hopper, was not shot in Chattahoochee, however.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 7, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Chattahoochee city, Florida". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "National Register of Historic Places - Gadsden County, Florida". Retrieved 2007-10-03.
- "Chattahoochee". imdb.com. Retrieved 2007-10-03.
- "CHATTAHOOCHEE." U.S. Postal Service. Retrieved on April 7, 2017.
- "Fire Station Locations." Gadsden County, Florida. Retrieved on April 7, 2017.
- "SCHOOL MERGERS NOT POPULAR AT WEST GADSDEN". Havana Herald. 2017-03-03. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
- "About the School." West Gadsden High School. Retrieved on April 5, 2017.
- Jiwanmall, Stephen (2017-04-04). "Gadsden County Schools to Consolidate in 2017-18". WTXL. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
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