Chauchat-Ribeyrolles 1918 submachine gun

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Chauchat-Ribeyrolles 1918 submachine gun
Chauchat-Ribeyrolles 1918 submachine gun.jpg
The Chauchat-Ribeyrolles 1918 submachine gun using a Mannlicher–Berthier clip
TypeSubmachine gun
Personal defense weapon
Place of originFrance
Service history
In service1918
Used byFrance
WarsWorld War I
Production history
DesignerRibeyrolles, Sutter and Chauchat (RSC)
Designed1918
ManufacturerRibeyrolles, Sutter and Chauchat (RSC)
Specifications
Mass4 kilograms (8.8 lb)
Length.575 metres (22.6 in)
Barrel length.340 metres (13.4 in)

Cartridge8mm Lebel (8x50mm R)
Caliber8mm
Barrels1
Feed system8-round Mannlicher–Berthier clip (Early Models)
16-round box magazine (Later Models)

The Chauchat-Ribeyrolles 1918 submachine gun is a French prototype automatic weapon.

In 1917, the French Army adopted the Mle. 1917 semi-automatic rifle made by Ribeyrolles, Sutter and Chauchat (RSC), who already developed the "Chauchat" Mle. 1915 LMG.

In 1918, they presented a "pistolet-mitrailleur" (submachine gun), meant to be used for close-range protection for the French tank crews. The weapon is based on the RSC Mle. 1917 semi-automatic rifle mechanism. The first trials used a Mannlicher–Berthier clip holding 8 cartridges. The trials continued until 1919 with a weapon using the same magazine as the Chauchat. The results were satisfactory but the weapon was too powerful for the intended self-protection use. A mix of standard and tracer bullets was planned to be used to assist in aiming.

Due to the fact that the weapon is a compact carbine ment for self-protection use, it could be considered the first personal defense weapon of all time.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • [1] has info from Jean Huon (2007). Les pistolets mitrailleurs français. Editions Crépin-Leblond. ISBN 978-2-7030-0300-7. cf. [2]
  • Ribeyrolles 1917 at securityarms.com[unreliable source?]

Further reading[edit]

  • Jean Huon (2007). Les pistolets mitrailleurs français. Editions Crépin-Leblond. ISBN 978-2-7030-0300-7.

External links[edit]