Chowdhury

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Chowdhury is a hereditary title of honour originating in the Indian subcontinent. They have governed major areas of the Indian subcontinent before and during British India.

Meaning and significance[edit]

"Chowdhury" is a term in Sanskrit, literally meaning "holder of four" (four denoting a measure of land, from chadhur (four) and dhar (to hold or possess).[1] The name is an ancient Sanskrit term denoting the head of a community or caste.[2] These people belonged to the zamindar families in British India.[3]

Alternate spellings[edit]

Its alternate spellings include: Chaudri, Choudhary, Chaudhry, Chowdary, Chowdhary, Chaudhary, Chaudry, Choudary, Choudhry, Chaudhuri, Chaudhari, Chudhry, Choudhari, Choudhury, Chowdhuri and Chowdury.[4] The female equivalent is Chaudhurani and alternate spellings include: Choudhurani, Chowdhurani, Chowdhrani, Choudhrani, Chaudhrani.[5]

Bangladesh[edit]

India[edit]

Nepal[edit]

Fiji[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

Chaudhurani[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Campbell, Mike. "User-submitted surname Choudhry". Behind the Name. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
  3. ^ The Journal of the Anthropological Survey of India, Volume 51. Anthropology Survey of India. p. 204.
  4. ^ Patrick Hanks, Richard Coates, Peter McClure (2016). The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland. Oxford University Press. p. 501.
  5. ^ Patrick Hanks, Richard Coates, Peter McClure (2016). The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland. Oxford University Press. p. 501.
  6. ^ Ahuja, M. L. (2000). Handbook of General Elections and Electoral Reforms in India, 1952-1999. Mittal Publications. pp. 302, 340. ISBN 9788170997665.
  7. ^ Pakistani Leaders Online
  8. ^ Hossain, Anowar (2003). Muslim women's struggle for freedom in colonial Bengal: (1873-1940). Progressive Publishers. p. 266. ISBN 9788180640308.