Chowdhury

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Chowdhury
Subdivisions Ahir, Bengali Brahmin, Anjana Chaudhari, Gujjar, Jat, Kamma

Chowdhury (Urdu: چودھری‎; Bengali: চৌধুরী) is a hereditary title of honor originating in the Indian subcontinent.

Its alternate spellings include Chowdary, Chaudhary, Chaudry, Choudary, Choudhry, Chaudhari, Chudhry.

Meaning and significance[edit]

"Chowdhury" is a term in Indo-Aryan languages, literally meaning "holder of four" in Sanskrit, from čatus (four) and dhuriya (burden of responsibility).[1] The name is an ancient Sanskrit term denoting the head[2] of a community or caste. These people generally belong to Yadav(Ahir) and Jat castes. They are landlords, Zamindars, Thasildar before British Rule.

In India, this title is mainly used by privileged Yadav(Ahir),Jat, Gujjar,"Understanding the Bengali Kulin Brahmin Caste". jacksonchakraborty.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2016-12-17. </ref><ramanan50 (2013-07-01). "Utkala,Oriya,Odisha Brahmin Surnames.". Ramani's blog. Retrieved 2016-12-17. </ref> Ahirs,[3] Gujjars,[4] Jats[5] and Kammas.[6]

Similar lordships existed in other parts of the Eastern world, including in the Ottoman Empire (Malik) and Persia (Arbab).[7][better source needed]

Notables[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

India[edit]

Nepal[edit]

Fiji[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Campbell, Mike. "User-submitted surname Choudhry". Behind the Name. Retrieved 2016-04-05. 
  3. ^ Lucia Michelutti (2002). "Sons of Krishna: the politics of Yadav community formation in a North Indian town" (PDF). PhD Thesis Social Anthropology. London School of Economics and Political Science University of London. p. 83. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Sociological Bulletin. Indian Sociological Society. 2004-01-01. 
  5. ^ Sociological Bulletin. Indian Sociological Society. 2004-01-01. 
  6. ^ "What's in a name? These caste groups will tell you". The News Minute. 2015-04-12. Retrieved 2016-12-07. 
  7. ^ https://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Choudhury
  8. ^ M. L. Ahuja (2000). Handbook of General Elections and Electoral Reforms in India, 1952-1999. Mittal Publications. pp. 302, 340. ISBN 9788170997665. 
  9. ^ "Khammas of AP have money power, so they just go get it - The Economic Times". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2016-11-19. 
  10. ^ Pakistani Leaders Online