Chowdhury

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Chowdhury is a hereditary title of honor originating in the Indian subcontinent.

Meaning and significance[edit]

"Chowdhury" is a term in Sanskrit, literally meaning "holder of four" (four denoting a measure of land, from chadhur (four) and dhar (to hold or possess).[1] The name is an ancient Sanskrit term denoting the head of a community or caste.[2] These people generally belong to the upper castes who were the landlords, Zamindars, Thasildar before and during British Raj.[3]

Alternate spellings[edit]

Its alternate spellings include: Chaudri, Choudhary, Chaudhry, Chowdary, Chaudhary, Chaudry, Choudary, Choudhry, Chaudhari, Chudhry, Choudhari and Choudhury.[4]

Geographical distribution[edit]

As of 2014, 91.6% of all known bearers of the surname Chowdhury were residents of Bangladesh and 6.9% were residents of India. In India, the frequency of the surname was higher than national average in the following states:[5]

Bangladesh[edit]

India[edit]

Nepal[edit]

Fiji[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Campbell, Mike. "User-submitted surname Choudhry". Behind the Name. Retrieved 2016-04-05. 
  3. ^ The Journal of the Anthropological Survey of India, Volume 51. Anthropology Survey of India. p. 204. 
  4. ^ Patrick Hanks, Richard Coates, Peter McClure (2016). The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland. Oxford University Press. p. 501. 
  5. ^ Chowdhury Surname Distribution
  6. ^ M. L. Ahuja (2000). Handbook of General Elections and Electoral Reforms in India, 1952-1999. Mittal Publications. pp. 302, 340. ISBN 9788170997665. 
  7. ^ Pakistani Leaders Online