Chaukhandi Stupa

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Chaukhandi Stupa
Chaukhandi Stupa on a hill, Sarnath.jpg
Chaukhandi Stupa
Location India
StateUttar Pradesh
Chaukhandi Stupa is located in India
Chaukhandi Stupa
Shown within India
Geographic coordinates25°22′27″N 83°01′25″E / 25.374102°N 83.023658°E / 25.374102; 83.023658Coordinates: 25°22′27″N 83°01′25″E / 25.374102°N 83.023658°E / 25.374102; 83.023658

Chaukhandi Stupa is an important Buddhist stupa in Sarnath, located 8 kilometres from Cantt Railway Station Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. Stupas have evolved from burial mounds and serve as a shrine for a relic of the Buddha.[1]


The Chaukhandi Stupa is thought originally to have been built as a terraced temple during the Gupta period between the 4th and 6th centuries to mark the site where Lord Buddha and his first disciples met traveling from Bodh Gaya to Sarnath. Later Govardhan, the son of a Raja, modified the stupa to its present shape by building the octagonal tower to commemorate the visit of Humayun, the powerful Mughal ruler.[2]

Today the stupa is a high earthen mound covered with a brickwork edifice topped by an octagonal tower. It is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India.

Various plinths at the Chaukhandi Stupa
Close up of Chaukhandi Stupa plinth

See also[edit]

Reference notes[edit]

  1. ^ "History of Architecture - Shrines and temples". Retrieved 18 December 2006.
  2. ^ "Chaukhandi Stupa". Retrieved 16 October 2006.

External links[edit]